Psalm 146

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Psalm 146
"Praise ye the LORD. Praise the LORD, O my soul."
Folio 85r - Psalm CXLV.jpg
Other name
  • Psalm 145
  • "Lauda anima mea Dominum"
LanguageHebrew (original)
Psalm 146
BookBook of Psalms
Hebrew Bible partKetuvim
Order in the Hebrew part1
CategorySifrei Emet
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part19

Psalm 146 is the 146th psalm of the Book of Psalms, beginning in English in the King James Version, "Praise ye the LORD. Praise the LORD, O my soul". In Latin, it is known as "Lauda anima mea Dominum".[1]

In the slightly different numbering system used in the Greek Septuagint version of the Bible, and in the Latin Vulgate/Vulgata Clementina, this psalm is Psalm 145.

Psalm 146 is used as a regular part of Jewish, Catholic, Lutheran, Anglican and other Protestant liturgies. It has often been set to music, paraphrased in hymns such as Paul Gerhardt's German "Du meine Seele singe" (You my soul sing), and used in cantatas such as Bach's early Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele, BWV 143 (Praise the Lord, my soul).

Text[edit]

Hebrew Bible version[edit]

The following is the Hebrew text of Psalm 146:[2]

Verse Hebrew
1 :הַלְלוּ-יָהּ

.הַלְלִי נַפְשִׁי, אֶת-יְהוָה

2 .אֲהַלְלָה יְהוָה בְּחַיָּי; אֲזַמְּרָה לֵאלֹהַי בְּעוֹדִי
3 .אַל-תִּבְטְחוּ בִנְדִיבִים-- בְּבֶן-אָדָם, שֶׁאֵין לוֹ תְשׁוּעָה
4 .תֵּצֵא רוּחוֹ, יָשֻׁב לְאַדְמָתוֹ; בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא, אָבְדוּ עֶשְׁתֹּנֹתָיו
5 .אַשְׁרֵי--שֶׁאֵל יַעֲקֹב בְּעֶזְרוֹ: שִׂבְרוֹ, עַל-יְהוָה אֱלֹהָיו
6 ;עֹשֶׂה, שָׁמַיִם וָאָרֶץ-- אֶת-הַיָּם וְאֶת-כָּל-אֲשֶׁר-בָּם

.הַשֹּׁמֵר אֱמֶת לְעוֹלָם

7 .עֹשֶׂה מִשְׁפָּט, לָעֲשׁוּקִים--נֹתֵן לֶחֶם, לָרְעֵבִים; יְהוָה, מַתִּיר אֲסוּרִים
8 .יְהוָה, פֹּקֵחַ עִוְרִים--יְהוָה, זֹקֵף כְּפוּפִים; יְהוָה, אֹהֵב צַדִּיקִים
9 .יְהוָה, שֹׁמֵר אֶת-גֵּרִים--יָתוֹם וְאַלְמָנָה יְעוֹדֵד; וְדֶרֶךְ רְשָׁעִים יְעַוֵּת
10 יִמְלֹךְ יְהוָה, לְעוֹלָם-- אֱלֹהַיִךְ צִיּוֹן, לְדֹר וָדֹר:

הַלְלוּ-יָהּיִמְלֹךְ יְהוָה, לְעוֹלָם-- אֱלֹהַיִךְ צִיּוֹן, לְדֹר וָדֹר: .הַלְלוּ-יָהּ

King James Version[edit]

  1. Praise ye the LORD. Praise the LORD, O my soul.
  2. While I live will I praise the LORD: I will sing praises unto my God while I have any being.
  3. Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help.
  4. His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.
  5. Happy is he that hath the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in the LORD his God:
  6. Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which keepeth truth for ever:
  7. Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:
  8. The LORD openeth the eyes of the blind: the LORD raiseth them that are bowed down: the LORD loveth the righteous:
  9. The LORD preserveth the strangers; he relieveth the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down.
  10. The LORD shall reign for ever, even thy God, O Zion, unto all generations. Praise ye the LORD.

Background[edit]

Psalm 146 is the first of five final concluding praise Psalms in the Book of Psalms.[3] These psalms are not attributed to David; in the Septuagint, Psalms 145 (this psalm) to 148 are given the title "of Haggai and Zechariah".[4] Psalms 146 and 147 are seen by some as twin Psalms.[5] Both psalms draw on images from Isaiah 61 (which Jesus takes as applying to himself in Luke 4), such as setting captives free and opening blind eyes in Psalm 147, and healing the brokenhearted in Psalm 148. Besides Isaiah 61, the themes in this Psalm are also found on Leviticus 25 (the year of Jubilee). This is one of six Psalms involving preaching to self, with the evocative phrase "O my soul" being used.[a] Preaching to self was highly recommended by Martyn Loyd Jones as he said "Have you realized that most of your unhappiness in life is due to the fact that you are listening to yourself instead of talking to yourself?"[citation needed]

Verse 2[edit]

While I live I will praise the Lord;
I will sing praises to my God while I have my being.[6]

The wording of Psalm 104:33 is "almost identical".[4]

Uses[edit]

Ps 146.

Judaism[edit]

  • The psalm in its entirety is recited during Pesukei Dezimra, the initial section of the daily morning prayer service.[7]
  • The blessings Pokeiakh Ivrim ("gives sight to the blind"), Matir asurim ("releases the bound"), Zokef kefufim ("straightens the bent"), from the Birkat HaShachar are derived from Psalm 146:7-8.[8]
  • Verse 10 is part of Kedusha,[9] and is a part of the third blessing of the High Holidays Amidah.[10]

Christianity[edit]

Musical settings[edit]

Psalm 146 was paraphrased in Paul Gerhardt's hymn in German "Du meine Seele singe" (You my soul sing), published in 1667 with a melody by Johann Georg Ebeling in the collection Pauli Gerhardi Geistliche-Andachten (Spiritual devotions by Paul Gerhardt).[14]

Heinrich Schütz composed a four-part setting of a metric German version for the Becker Psalter, "Mein Seel soll loben Gott den Herrn (My soul shall praise God the Lord), SWV 251. Johann Sebastian Bach based an early church cantata, Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele, BWV 143 (Praise the Lord, my soul), on verses from the psalm.[15] Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach included a setting for voice and in his collection of 42 psalms, Psalmen mit Melodien, H. 733, completed in 1774. The psalm is titled "Es werde Gott von uns erhoben!" (God shall be exsultet by us).[16]

Norma Wendelburg set the psalm to music in 1973, as Praise the Lord for mixed chorus and optional organ.[17] Peter Heeren wrote a setting for mixed choir and piano in 2012, Der 146. Psalm.[18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The six psalms are Psalms 42, 43, 103, 104, 116 and 146.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parallel Latin/English Psalter / Psalmus 145 (146)". medievalist.net. 2 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Psalms Chapter 146 תְּהִלִּים". mechon-mamre.org. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  3. ^ Henry, Matthew. "Psalms 147". Bible Study Tools. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b Kirkpatrick, A., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Psalm 146, accessed 6 July 2022
  5. ^ Brodersen, A. (2017), The End of the Psalter: Psalms 146-150 in the Masoretic Text, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Septuagint
  6. ^ Psalm 146:2: New King James Version
  7. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 70
  8. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 18
  9. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 100
  10. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah, page 67
  11. ^ Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Vol. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 840. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  12. ^ Prosper Guéranger, Règle de saint Benoît, (traduction de Prosper Guéranger, réimpressin 2007)
  13. ^ Psautier latin-français du bréviaire monastique, 1938/2003 p 519.
  14. ^ "Du meine Seele singe". hymnary.org. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  15. ^ Dellal, Pamela. "BWV 143 – Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele". Emmanuel Music. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  16. ^ Psalmen mit Melodien, H.733 (Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
  17. ^ Cohen, Aaron I. (1987). "Wendelburg, Norma Ruth". International encyclopedia of women composers. Vol. 2. New York: Books & Music (USA). p. 748. ISBN 0-9617485-1-6.
  18. ^ Der 146. Psalm (Heeren, Peter): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project

External links[edit]