Psalm 150

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Psalm 150 embroidered in Hebrew on David's Tomb.
Chagall window on southern wall of Chichester Cathedral, based on Psalm 150

Psalm 150 is a psalm in the Hebrew Bible. In it, the writer urges the congregation to praise God with music and dancing. The text, beloved by Jews and Christians alike, has often been set to music. The basic concept of this psalm is that there are a variety of ways one can praise God.[1]

Text[edit]

Hebrew Bible version[edit]

Following is the Hebrew text and English translation of Psalm 150:[2]

Verse Hebrew English
1 | הַ֥לְלוּיָ֨הּ
הַֽלְלוּ־אֵ֥ל בְּקָדְשׁ֑וֹ
הַֽ֜לְ֗לוּהוּ בִּרְקִ֥יעַ עֻזּֽוֹ
Hallelujah!
Praise God in His holy place,
praise Him in the firmament of His might.
2 הַֽלְלוּהוּ בִּגְבֽוּרֹתָ֑יו
הַֽ֜לְל֗וּהוּ כְּרֹ֣ב גֻּדְלֽוֹ
Praise Him with His mighty deeds,
praise Him as befits His superb greatness.
3 הַֽלְלוּהוּ בְּתֵ֣קַע שׁוֹפָ֑ר
הַֽ֜לְל֗וּהוּ בְּנֵ֣בֶל וְכִנּֽוֹר
Praise Him with a shofar blast,
praise Him with psaltery and lyre.
4 הַֽלְלוּהוּ בְתֹ֣ף וּמָח֑וֹל
הַֽ֜לְל֗וּהוּ בְּמִנִּ֥ים וְעֻגָֽב
Praise Him with timbres and dance,
praise Him with stringed instruments and flute.
5 הַֽלְלוּהוּ בְּצִֽלְצְלֵי־שָׁ֑מַע
הַֽ֜לְל֗וּהוּ בְּצִלְצְלֵ֥י תְרוּעָֽה
Praise Him with resounding cymbals,
praise Him with resonant cymbals.
6 כֹּ֣ל הַ֖נְּשָׁמָה תְּהַלֵּ֥ל יָ֜֗הּ
הַֽלְלוּיָֽהּ
Let every soul praise God.
Hallelujah!

King James Version[edit]

  1. Praise ye the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power.
  2. Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to his excellent greatness.
  3. Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp.
  4. Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.
  5. Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals.
  6. Let every thing that hath breath praise the LORD. Praise ye the LORD.

Uses[edit]

In Judaism[edit]

  • Together with Psalms 146, 147, 148, and 149, Psalm 150 is recited during Pesukei dezimra, which begins daily prayer each morning. When sung as part of Pesukei dezimra in the morning liturgy, verse 6 is always repeated.[3] These five psalms are considered an alternate form of Hallel, and their recitation is considered the equivalent of saying Hallel daily.
  • Verse 3 is found in the repetition of the Shacharit Amidah on Rosh Hashanah.[4]
  • The Psalm is found in the Mussaf Amidah on Rosh Hashanah.[5]

Psalm 150 is one of the ten Psalms of the Tikkun HaKlali of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov.[6][7]

The Hebrew word הללו (hallelu, we praise, see halleluja) occurs 12 times in this psalm. From this, the Geonim concluded that Psalm 150 is a reference to the new moon and therefore that the Hallel psalms should be recited as part of the Rosh Chodesh liturgy.[8]

In Christianity[edit]

Psalm 150 is one of the Laudate psalms and was sung as part of a trio of psalms during Lauds in the Roman rite.

Musical settings[edit]

Children singing and playing music, illustration of Psalm 150 (Laudate Dominum).
The original cover page of "Psalm 150 for Choir and Orchestra" by Robert Schumann.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isaacs, Ronald H. Every Person's Guide to Jewish Prayer, p.115.
  2. ^ "Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 150". Chabad.org. 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  3. ^ Lawrence Hoffman, ed, [My People's Prayer Book, Vol. 3], Jewish Lights, 2001; page 143, commentaries of Landes and Hoffman.
  4. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah, p.324.
  5. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah, p.465.
  6. ^ Weintraub, Rabbi Simkha Y. (2018). "Psalms as the Ultimate Self-Help Tool". My Jewish Learning. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  7. ^ Greenbaum, Rabbi Avraham (2007). "The Ten Psalms: English Translation". azamra.org. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  8. ^ Elie Munk, The World of Prayer, Vol. 2, Revised ed., Feldheim, Jerusalem, 2007; pages 129-130.
  9. ^ http://earthsongschoralmusic.com/index.php?main_page=product_sheet_music_info&cPath=1_8_5&products_id=2289
  10. ^ List of works by Robert Schumann. IMLSP Petrucci Music Library. Accessed March 4, 2019.
  11. ^ Daverio, John (1997). Robert Schumann: Herald of a "New Poetic Age". Oxford University Press. p. 23. ISBN 9780198025214. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  12. ^ Grasberger, Franz. Rickett, Richard, translator. "Foreword", Anton Bruckner: Sämtliche Werke: Band 20 Teil 6: Psalm 150: Studienpartitur, Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Vienna, 1964.

External links[edit]