Psalm 20

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Psalm 20
Biblia Hebraica Kttel Psalm 20-21.jpg
Psalms 20-21 in Biblia Hebraica Kittel (1909)
BookBook of Psalms
Hebrew Bible partKetuvim
Order in the Hebrew part1
CategorySifrei Emet
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part19

Psalm 20 is the 20th psalm of the Book of Psalms. It is internally attributed to King David. There are 9 verses. In the International Critical Commentary series, Charles and Emilie Briggs suggest that it was written during the reign of Jehoshaphat.[1]

In Jewish prayer[edit]

The 70 words in this psalm may reference the 70 years of exile between the first and second temples, or as suggested in the Zohar, the 70 cries of pain associated with child birth.[2] It has been inserted into daily prayer following the loss of the second temple to symbolize the somber period prior to the construction of the third temple.[3]

It is used in Jewish prayer in several ways:


  1. ^ Charles Augustus Briggs; Emilie Grace Briggs (1960) [1906]. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms. International Critical Commentary. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 176.
  2. ^ a b Barenblat, Rachel. "Psalm 20: a psalm for childbirth". VelveteenRabbi. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  3. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 152
  4. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 125
  5. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 62
  6. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 66
  7. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 157
  8. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 257
  9. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 619

Musical settings[edit]

Psalm set in 1688 by Michel-Richard de Lalande, as a grand motet (S.36, music lost). André Campra set one grand motet. Marc-Antoine Charpentier set around 1670 one "Exaudiat te Dominus", H.162 for soloists, double chorus, double orchestra (flutes and strings), and continuo, around 1675 one "Prière pour le Roi" H.165 for 3 voices, 2 treble instruments, and continuo. At the beginning of 1680s, he set another one, "Exaudiat pour le Roi à 4", H.180, ( H.180 a, H.180 b, 1690) for soloists, chorus, and continuo. Henry Desmarest set one grand motet "Exaudiat te Dominus".

External links[edit]