Psalms 20-21 in Biblia Hebraica Kittel (1909)
Psalm 20 is the 20th psalm of the Book of Psalms. It is internally attributed to King David.
In Jewish prayer [ edit ]
The 70 words in this psalm may reference the 70 years of exile between the first and second temples, or as suggested in the Zohar, the 70 cries of pain associated with child birth.
It has been inserted into daily prayer following the loss of the second temple to symbolize the somber period prior to the construction of the third temple. [1 ] [2 ]
It is used in
Jewish prayer in several ways:
The psalm is recited in its entirety as a part of daily prayer (except on
Shabbat, Yom Tov, Rosh Chodesh, Chol Hamoed, Tisha B'Av, Hanukkah, Purim, Shushan Purim, the 14th and 15th of Adar I, and the days before Yom Kippur and Passover). In this context it is known as Lamenatzeiach (the first word of the psalm in Hebrew), and is recited between Ashrei and Uva Letziyon toward the end of Shacharit.
Verses 2 and 10 are part of the opening paragraph of the long
Tachanun recited on Mondays and Thursdays. [3 ]
It is also considered appropriate to recite in times of stress, such as labor.
References [ edit ]
^ a b Barenblat, Rachel. "Psalm 20: a psalm for childbirth". VelveteenRabbi . Retrieved . 25 June 2015
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 152
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 125
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 62
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 66
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 157
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 257
^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 619
External links [ edit ]