This psalm "is a prayer: (1) expostulating with Yahweh for abandoning His people in peril of death, and crying aloud for help, with hands uplifted towards the holy shrine (v.1-2); (2) urging that He discriminate between them and their enemies, visiting the latter with retribution for their deeds (v.3-4); (3) blessing Yahweh, the strength and shield, and rejoicing in Him as the refuge for king and people (v.6-8). Glosses give a reason for the imprecation upon enemies (v.5) and a liturgical petition for salvation (v.9)."
- Verse 9 is the first verse of the paragraph Hoshia Et Amecha of Pesukei Dezimra. This verse, because of its 10 words, is often used for counting for the ten people needed for a minyan, as Jewish law forbids the numerical counting of people.
- Quote from Charles Augustus Briggs; Emilie Grace Briggs (1960) . A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms. International Critical Commentary. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 245.
- For the quote see Charles Augustus Briggs; Emilie Grace Briggs (1960) . A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms. International Critical Commentary. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 246.
- For the date of the exile, see Arthur J. Bellinzoni. Old Testament: An Introduction to Biblical Scholarship. Prometheus Books, Publishers. p. 349. ISBN 978-1-61592-264-2.
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 64
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