This psalm "is a prayer: (1) expostulating with Yahweh for abandoning His people in peril of death, and crying aloud for help, with hands uplifted towards the holy shrine (v.1-2); (2) urging that He discriminate between them and their enemies, visiting the latter with retribution for their deeds (v.3-4); (3) blessing Yahweh, the strength and shield, and rejoicing in Him as the refuge for king and people (v.6-8). Glosses give a reason for the imprecation upon enemies (v.5) and a liturgical petition for salvation (v.9)."
In Psalm 28:5, God's hand being clearly seen in nature and history according to Spurgeon's exegesis, an example of General revelation.
Verse 5. Because they regard not the works of the Lord, nor the operation of his hands. God works in creation -- nature teems with proofs of his wisdom and goodness, yet purblind atheists refuse to see him: he works in providence, ruling and overruling, and his hand is very manifest in human history 
Hebrew Bible version
Following is the Hebrew text of Psalm 28:
|1||לְדָוִ֡ד אֵ֘לֶ֚יךָ יְהֹוָ֨ה | אֶקְרָ֗א צוּרִי֘ אַל־תֶּֽחֱרַ֪שׁ מִ֫מֶּ֥נִּי פֶּן־תֶּֽחֱשֶׁ֥ה מִמֶּ֑נִּי וְ֜נִמְשַׁ֗לְתִּי עִם־י֥וֹרְדֵי בֽוֹר|
|2||שְׁמַ֚ע ק֣וֹל תַּֽ֖חֲנוּנַי בְּשַׁוְּעִ֣י אֵלֶ֑יךָ בְּנָשְׂאִ֥י יָ֜דַ֗י אֶל־דְּבִ֥יר קָדְשֶֽׁךָ|
|3||אַל־תִּמְשְׁכֵ֣נִי עִם־רְשָׁעִים֘ וְעִם־פֹּ֪עֲלֵ֫י אָ֥וֶן דֹּֽבְרֵ֣י שָׁ֖לוֹם עִם־רֵֽעֵיהֶ֑ם וְ֜רָעָ֗ה בִּלְבָבָֽם|
|4||תֶּן־לָהֶ֣ם כְּפָֽעֳלָם֘ וּכְרֹ֪עַ מַֽעַלְלֵ֫יהֶ֥ם כְּמַֽעֲשֵׂ֣ה יְ֖דֵיהֶם תֵּ֥ן לָהֶ֑ם הָשֵׁ֖ב גְּמוּלָ֣ם לָהֶֽם|
|5||כִּ֚י לֹ֪א יָבִ֡ינוּ אֶל־פְּעֻלֹּ֣ת יְ֖הֹוָה וְאֶל־מַֽעֲשֵׂ֣ה יָ֣דָיו יֶֽ֜הֶרְסֵ֗ם וְלֹ֣א יִבְנֵֽם|
|6||בָּר֥וּךְ יְהֹוָ֑ה כִּ֥י שָׁ֜מַע ק֣וֹל תַּֽחֲנוּנָֽי|
|7||יְהֹוָ֚ה | עֻזִּ֥י וּמָֽגִנִּי֘ בּ֚וֹ בָטַ֥ח לִבִּ֗י וְנֶֽ֫עֱזָ֥רְתִּי וַיַּֽעֲלֹ֥ז לִבִּ֑י וּמִשִּׁירִ֥י אֲהוֹדֶֽנּוּ|
|8||יְהֹוָ֥ה עֹֽז־לָ֑מוֹ וּמָ֘ע֚וֹז יְשׁוּע֖וֹת מְשִׁיח֣וֹ הֽוּא|
|9||הוֹשִׁ֚יעָה אֶת־עַמֶּ֗ךָ וּבָרֵ֥ךְ אֶת־נַֽחֲלָתֶ֑ךָ וּֽרְעֵ֥ם וְ֜נַשְּׂאֵ֗ם עַד־הָעוֹלָֽם|
King James Version
- Unto thee will I cry, O LORD my rock; be not silent to me: lest, if thou be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit.
- Hear the voice of my supplications, when I cry unto thee, when I lift up my hands toward thy holy oracle.
- Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbours, but mischief is in their hearts.
- Give them according to their deeds, and according to the wickedness of their endeavours: give them after the work of their hands; render to them their desert.
- Because they regard not the works of the LORD, nor the operation of his hands, he shall destroy them, and not build them up.
- Blessed be the LORD, because he hath heard the voice of my supplications.
- The LORD is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him.
- The LORD is their strength, and he is the saving strength of his anointed.
- Save thy people, and bless thine inheritance: feed them also, and lift them up for ever.
- Verse 9 is the first verse of the paragraph Hoshia Et Amecha of Pesukei Dezimra. This verse, because of its 10 words, is often used for counting for the ten people needed for a minyan, as Jewish law forbids the numerical counting of people.
- Quote from Charles Augustus Briggs; Emilie Grace Briggs (1960) . A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms. International Critical Commentary. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 245.
- For the quote see Charles Augustus Briggs; Emilie Grace Briggs (1960) . A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms. International Critical Commentary. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 246.
- For the date of the exile, see Arthur J. Bellinzoni. Old Testament: An Introduction to Biblical Scholarship. Prometheus Books, Publishers. p. 349. ISBN 978-1-61592-264-2.
- The Treasury of David, Charles Spurgeon, Psalm 28, https://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/treasury-of-david/psalms-28-5.html
- "Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 28". Chabad.org. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 64
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