Psalm 30

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Psalm 39
"I will extol thee, O LORD;
for thou hast lifted me up"
St Giles, Codicote, Herts - Window - geograph.org.uk - 365781.jpg
Text from Psalm 30:5, "Heaviness may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning", illustrated on a window in St Giles, Codicote, Hertfordshire, UK
Other name
  • Psalm 29
  • "Exaltabo te Domine"
Textby David
LanguageHebrew (original)
Psalm 30
BookBook of Psalms
Hebrew Bible partKetuvim
Order in the Hebrew part1
CategorySifrei Emet
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part19

Psalm 30 is the 30th psalm of the Book of Psalms, beginning in English in the King James Version: "I will extol thee, O LORD; for thou hast lifted me up". The Book of Psalms is part of the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament. In the slightly different numbering system in the Greek Septuagint version of the Bible and in the Latin Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 29. In Latin, it is known as "Exaltabo te Domine".[1] It is a psalm of thanksgiving, traditionally ascribed to David upon the building of his own royal palace.

The psalm is a regular part of Jewish, Catholic, Lutheran, Anglican and other Protestant liturgies. It has inspired hymns based on it, and has been set to music.

Text[edit]

Hebrew Bible version[edit]

Following is the Hebrew text of Psalm 30:[2]

Verse Hebrew
1 מִזְמ֡וֹר שִׁ֤יר חֲנֻכַּ֖ת הַבַּ֣יִת לְדָוִֽד
2 אֲרוֹמִמְךָ֣ יְ֖הֹוָה כִּ֣י דִלִּיתָ֑נִי וְלֹֽא־שִׂמַּ֖חְתָּ אֹֽיְבַ֣י לִֽי
3 יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהָ֑י שִׁוַּ֥עְתִּי אֵ֜לֶ֗יךָ וַתִּרְפָּאֵֽנִי
4 יְהֹוָ֗ה הֶֽעֱלִ֣יתָ מִן־שְׁא֣וֹל נַפְשִׁ֑י חִ֜יִּיתַ֗נִי מִיָּֽרְדִ֥י (כתיב מִיָּֽורְדִ֥י) בֽוֹר
5 זַמְּר֣וּ לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה חֲסִידָ֑יו וְ֜הוֹד֗וּ לְזֵ֣כֶר קָדְשֽׁוֹ
6 כִּ֚י רֶ֥גַע בְּאַפּוֹ֘ חַיִּ֪ים בִּרְצ֫וֹנ֥וֹ בָּ֖עֶרֶב יָלִ֥ין בֶּ֗כִי וְלַבֹּ֥קֶר רִנָּֽה
7 וַֽאֲנִי אָמַ֣רְתִּי בְשַׁלְוִ֑י בַּל־אֶמּ֥וֹט לְעוֹלָֽם
8 יְהֹוָ֗ה בִּֽרְצֽוֹנְךָ֘ הֶֽעֱמַ֪דְתָּה לְהַֽרְרִ֫י עֹ֥ז הִסְתַּ֥רְתָּ פָ֜נֶ֗יךָ הָיִ֥יתִי נִבְהָֽל
9 אֵלֶ֣יךָ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֶקְרָ֑א וְאֶל־אֲ֜דֹנָ֗י אֶתְחַנָּֽן
10 מַה־בֶּ֥צַע בְּדָמִי֘ בְּרִדְתִּ֪י אֶ֫ל־שָׁ֥חַת הֲיֽוֹדְךָ֥ עָ֜פָ֗ר הֲיַגִּ֥יד אֲמִתֶּֽךָ
11 שְׁמַע־יְהֹוָ֥ה וְחָנֵּ֑נִי יְ֜הֹוָ֗ה הֱֽיֵ֤ה | עֹזֵ֬ר לִֽי
12 הָפַ֣כְתָּ מִסְפְּדִי֘ לְמָח֪וֹל ֫לִ֥י פִּתַּ֣חְתָּ שַׂקִּ֑י וַתְּאַזְּרֵ֥נִי שִׂמְחָֽה
13 לְמַ֚עַן | יְזַמֶּרְךָ֣ כָ֖בוֹד וְלֹ֣א יִדֹּ֑ם יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱ֜לֹהַ֗י לְעוֹלָ֥ם אוֹדֶֽךָּ

King James Version[edit]

  1. I will extol thee, O LORD; for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.
  2. O LORD my God, I cried unto thee, and thou hast healed me.
  3. O LORD, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.
  4. Sing unto the LORD, O ye saints of his, and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.
  5. For his anger endureth but a moment; in his favour is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.
  6. And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved.
  7. LORD, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled.
  8. I cried to thee, O LORD; and unto the LORD I made supplication.
  9. What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth?
  10. Hear, O LORD, and have mercy upon me: LORD, be thou my helper.
  11. Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;
  12. To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

Theme[edit]

Psalm 30 is called Hebrew: מזמר שיר חנכת הבית‎, Mizmor Shir Ḥănukkāt HaBeit, "A Psalm, a song for the Dedication of a House" Greek numbering: Psalm 29). It is a psalm of thanksgiving, traditionally ascribed to David upon the building of his own royal palace.[3] David dedicated his life work to be completed by his son, who built the "Hallowed House", Beit HaMiqdash Hebrew: בית המקדשSolomon's Temple. It is Solomon and his lineage, not the building, which in later sources are called the House of David.

חינוך Chinuch, from the same root as Hanukkah, is the name for Jewish education, emphasizing ethical training and discipline.[citation needed]

Liturgical use in Judaism[edit]

  • This psalm is a part of daily prayer in some rites. It was originally recited in Pesukei dezimra, a section of the Shacharit prayer, in the Sephardic rite, in which they omit the first verse. From there, it seems to have made its way in the 17th Century to Nusach Sefard, in which they added the first verse, and from there it was adopted in the Eastern Ashkenazic rite. It is not recited in the Western Ashkenazic rite, the Italian rite or the Yemenite rite. The purpose of this was to dedicate the morning temple service.[4]
  • Psalm 30 is also considered the psalm for the day of Hanukkah,[5] and some communities recite it in addition to, or instead of, the regular Psalm of the day.
  • Verse 12 is found in the prayers recited following Motzei Shabbat Maariv.[6]
  • Verse 13 is part of Uva Letzion.[7]

See also[edit]

Christian uses[edit]

Augustine saw the psalm David wrote of the founding of the house as pointing to the resurrection of Christ and the foundation of God's house, the church.[8]

Verse 5 is used in the Jesus Culture song "Your Love Never Fails".[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parallel Latin/English Psalter / Psalmus 29 (30) Archived 7 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine medievalist.net
  2. ^ "Tehillim – Psalms – Chapter 30". Chabad.org. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  3. ^ Henry, Matthew (2005) [1708–10]. Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible. Alban Books. ISBN 1-56563-778-X. It was the laudable practice of the pious Jews, and, though not expressly appointed, yet allowed and accepted, when they had built a new house, to dedicate it to God, Deut. xx. 5. David did so when his house was built, and he took possession of it (2 Sam. v. 11); for royal palaces do as much need God's protection, and are as much bound to be at his service, as ordinary houses.
  4. ^ See The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 54-55
  5. ^ The Artscroll Tehillim page 329
  6. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 607
  7. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 157
  8. ^ Augustine on Psalm 30, vs 1
  9. ^ "Your Love Never Fails – Jesus Culture". Worship Together. Retrieved 28 May 2020.

External links[edit]