Psalm 40

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Psalms scroll.

Psalm 40 is the 40th psalm from the Book of Psalms.[1][2][3][4][5]


Matthew Henry calls the psalm a "Confidence for deliverance. (1-5) Christ's work of redemption. (6-10) and a Prayer for mercy and grace. (11-17)"[6] While some see in it the prophetic[7] of Jesus[8] [9] or messiah generally.[10]

John Westley saw it as a prayer[11] of salvation.


The first part of the Psalm (verses 1-11) is one in the series of psalms of thanksgiving of an individual.

Verses 13-18 set originally possibly an independent Psalm context, because it is virtually identical to Psalm 70. This part belongs more in the group of psalms of lament.




The Psalm was used in the song 40, also known as "How Long", the final track from U2's 1983 album, War.


  1. ^ Commentaires sur les psaumes, d’Hilaire de Poitiers, (Paris, Éditions du Cerf, 2008), collection sources chrétiennes n°515,
  2. ^ Commentaires of the Psalmes, by saint Johnn Chrysostome
  3. ^ Discourse of the Psalmes, by saint Augustin, vol.2,(Sagesses chrétiennes)
  4. ^ Commentairy (jusqu’au psaume 54), by saint Thomas Aquinus, (Éditions du Cerf, 1273)
  5. ^ Jean Calvin, Commentaire des psalmes, 1557
  6. ^ Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary.
  7. ^ Psalms 40:6-9.
  8. ^ PSALM 40 overview.
  9. ^ Charles Spurgeon,Treasury of David.
  10. ^ Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible.
  11. ^ John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes.
  12. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah page 353
  13. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 62
  14. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 125