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Quinoa is not a grass. Its seeds have been eaten for 6,000 years.

A pseudocereal is one of any non-grasses that are used in much the same way as cereals (true cereals are grasses). Their seed can be ground into flour and otherwise used as cereals. Examples of pseudocereals are amaranth (Love-lies-bleeding, red amaranth, Prince-of-Wales-feather), quinoa, and buckwheat.[1]

Common pseudocereals[edit]


The following table shows the annual production of some pseudocereals in 1961,[2] 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 ranked by 2013 production.[3]

Grain Worldwide production
(millions of metric tons)
1961 2010 2011 2012 2013
Buckwheat 2.5 1.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 A pseudocereal in the family Polygonaceae that is used in Eurasia and to a minor degree the United States and Brazil. Major uses include various pancakes, groats and noodle production.
Quinoa 0.03 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.10 A pseudocereal in the family Amaranthaceae, traditional to the Andes, but increasingly popular elsewhere.

Other grains that are locally important, but are not included in FAO statistics, include:


  1. ^ "Glossary of Agricultural Production, Programs and Policy". University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2006-12-31.
  2. ^ 1961 is the earliest year for which FAO statistics are available.
  3. ^ "ProdSTAT". FAOSTAT. Retrieved 26 December 2006.