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A pseudocereal or pseudograin is one of any non-grasses that are used in much the same way as cereals (true cereals are grasses). Pseudocereals can be further distinguished from other non-cereal staple crops (such as potatoes) by their being processed like a cereal: their seed can be ground into flour and otherwise used as a cereal. Prominent examples of pseudocereals include amaranth (love-lies-bleeding, red amaranth, Prince-of-Wales-feather), quinoa, and buckwheat.
- Amaranth (Love-lies-bleeding, Red amaranth, Prince-of-Wales-feather)
- Cockscomb (also called quail grass or soko)
- Pitseed goosefoot
- Wattleseed (also called acacia seed)
The following table shows the annual production of some pseudocereals in 1961, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 ranked by 2013 production.
(millions of metric tons)
|Buckwheat||2.5||1.4||2.3||2.3||2.5||A pseudocereal in the family Polygonaceae that is used extensively in India during fasts, and in Eurasia and to a minor degree the United States and Brazil. Major uses include various pancakes, groats, and noodle production.|
|Quinoa||0.03||0.08||0.08||0.08||0.10||A pseudocereal in the family Amaranthaceae, traditional to the Andes, but increasingly popular elsewhere.|
Other grains that are locally important, but are not included in FAO statistics, include:
- Amaranth, an ancient pseudocereal, formerly a staple crop of the Aztec Empire and now widely grown in Africa.
- Kañiwa or Cañahua, close relative of quinoa.
- ^ "Glossary of Agricultural Production, Programs and Policy". University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2006-12-31.
- ^ 1961 is the earliest year for which FAO statistics are available.
- ^ "ProdSTAT". FAOSTAT. Retrieved 26 December 2006.