Pseudoeurycea robertsi

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Pseudoeurycea robertsi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Pseudoeurycea
Species: P. robertsi
Binomial name
Pseudoeurycea robertsi
(Taylor, 1939)
Synonyms[3]

Oedipus robertsi Taylor, 1939 "1938"[2]
Bolitoglossa robertsi (Taylor, 1939)

Pseudoeurycea robertsi is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Mexico and only known from the Nevado de Toluca, near Toluca in the State of Mexico. Its common name is Roberts' false brook salamander.[1][3] The specific name robertsi honors the collector of the holotype, Mr. Radclyffe Roberts from the Philadelphia Academy of Sciences.[2]

Description[edit]

Females in the type series measured 35–51 mm (1.4–2.0 in) in snout–vent length; the sole male was 49 mm (1.9 in) in SVL. The tail is laterally compressed and almost equal to SVL or shorter. The head is broad, rather flattened, and with truncate snout. There is a broad, orange stripe on the back and tail. The limbs are well developed. The first digit is very short; there is no webbing.[2]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Pseudoeurycea robertsi is a terrestrial salamander living in pine-fir forests at elevations of 2,900–3,600 m (9,500–11,800 ft) above sea level. Specimens have been found under rocks, logs, and loose bark of fallen logs and stumps. It is relatively common but has declined in the past and has a small area of occurrence. Moreover, there are threats to its habitat from tourism, forestry, agricultural and livestock activities, and urbanisation: formerly a national park, Nevado de Toluca is now an Área de protección de Flora y Fauna, conferring a weaker conservation status.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2016). "Pseudoeurycea robertsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T59393A53983925. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Taylor, E. H. (1938). "Concerning Mexican salamanders". University of Kansas Science Bulletin. 25: 259–313. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.1703.  — N.b. The actual publication year was 1939.
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Pseudoeurycea robertsi (Taylor, 1939)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 6 February 2017.