Pseudomonas fulva

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Pseudomonas fulva
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Pseudomonadales
Family: Pseudomonadaceae
Genus: Pseudomonas
Species: P. fulva
Binomial name
Pseudomonas fulva
Iizuka and Komagata 1963
Type strain
ATCC 31418

CIP 106765
IAM 1529
JCM 11242
LMG 11722
NBRC 16637

Pseudomonas fulva is a Gram-negative environmental bacterium,[1] originally isolated from rice and commonly associated with rice plants, grains and paddy fields.[2] It is rod-shaped and motile using one to three polar flagella.[3]

Based on 16S rRNA analysis, P. fulva has been placed in the P. putida group.[4]

Frequency and distribution of certain bacteria in the gut of coffee bean beetle

P. fulva is symbiotic in the gut of Hypothenemus hampei, the primary pest of coffee seeds. It has been shown to thrive by digesting caffeine to obtain nitrogen, while enabling the host insect to live on green coffee berries without harm.[5] P. fulva was one of 14 bacteria found in the digestive tract of the insects to thrive in a medium high in caffeine. The bacteria were screened for the gene ndmA that is known to transform caffeine; only P. fulva possessed this gene. The other bacteria are thought to help break down the caffeine using different genes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uchino M, Shida O, Uchimura T, Komagata K; Shida, O; Uchimura, T; Komagata, K (October 2001). "Recharacterization of Pseudomonas fulva Iizuka and Komagata 1963, and proposals of Pseudomonas parafulva sp. nov. and Pseudomonas cremoricolorata sp. nov.". J Gen Appl Microbiol. 47 (5): 247–261. doi:10.2323/jgam.47.247. PMID 12483612. 
  2. ^ Iizuka and Komagata (1963). "Pseudomonas isolated from rice, with special reference to the taxonomic studies of fluorescent group of genus Pseudomonas (On the studies of microorganisms of cereal grains. Part IV)". Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi. 37: 77–80. doi:10.1271/nogeikagaku1924.37.77. 
  3. ^ George M. Garrity: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2. Auflage. Springer, New York, 2005, Volume 2: The Proteobacteria, Part B: The Gammaproteobacteria
  4. ^ Y Anzai, H Kim, J Y Park, H Wakabayashi, H Oyaizu; Kim, H; Park, JY; Wakabayashi, H; Oyaizu, H (July 2000). "Phylogenetic affiliation of the pseudomonads based on 16S rRNA sequence". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 50 (4): 1563–89. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-4-1563. PMID 10939664. 
  5. ^ Javier A. Ceja-Navarro, Fernando E. Vega, Ulas Karaoz, Zhao Hao, Stefan Jenkins, Hsiao Chien Lim, Petr Kosina, Francisco Infante, Trent R. Northen, Eoin L. Brodie (14 July 2015). "Gut microbiota mediate caffeine detoxification in the primary insect pest of coffee". Nature Communications. 6: 7618. doi:10.1038/ncomms8618. 

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