Pseudomonas stutzeri

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Pseudomonas stutzeri
Pseudomonas stutzeri.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Pseudomonadales
Family: Pseudomonadaceae
Genus: Pseudomonas
Species: P. stutzeri
Binomial name
Pseudomonas stutzeri
(Lehmann and Neumann 1896)
Sijderius 1946
Type strain
ATCC 17588

CCUG 11256
CFBP 2443
CIP 103022
DSM 5190
JCM 5965
LMG 11199
NBRC 14165
NCCB 76042
VKM B-975


Bacillus denitrificans II Burri and Stutzer 1895
Bacterium stutzeri Lehmann and Neumann 1896
Bacillus nitrogenes Migula 1900
Bacillus stutzeri Chester 1901
Achromobacter sewerinii Bergey, et al. 1923
Achromobacter stutzeri Bergey, et al. 1930
Pseudomonas stanieri Mandel 1966
Pseudomonas perfectomarina corrig. (ex ZoBell and Upham 1944) Baumann, et al. 1983
Pseudomonas chloritidismutans Wolterink, et al. 2002

Pseudomonas stutzeri is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile, single polar-flagellated, soil bacterium first isolated from human spinal fluid.[1][2] It is a denitrifying bacterium,[3] and strain KC of P. stutzeri may be used for bioremediation as it is able to degrade carbon tetrachloride.[4] It is also an opportunistic pathogen in clinical settings, although infections are rare.[5] Based on 16S rRNA analysis, P. stutzeri has been placed in the P. stutzeri group, to which it lends its name.[6]

Natural genetic transformation[edit]

Several different strains of P. stutzeri have been found to be competent for genetic transformation.[7] Natural genetic transformation is a sexual process involving DNA transfer from one bacterial cell to another through the intervening medium, and the integration of the donor sequence into the recipient genome by homologous recombination. Transformation can occur with high frequency between individuals of the same P. stutzeri strain, but is greatly reduced between individuals of different strains, or between P. stutzeri and individuals of other pseudomonas species.[7]

The complete genome sequence of the highly transformable P. stuzeri strain 28a24 has been determined.[8]

The P. stutzeri group[edit]

P. stutzeri lends its name to a subgroup within the genus Pseudomonas. The other members of the P. stutzeri subgroup are P. balearica and P. luteola.[6]


  1. ^ Lehmann, KB, and Neumann, R. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed. J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.
  2. ^ Sijderius, R. "Heterotrophe bacterien, die thiosulfaat oxydeeren." Thesis, University Amsterdam, 1946, pp. 1-146.
  3. ^ Lalucat; Bennasar, A; Bosch, R; García-Valdés, E; Palleroni, NJ; et al. (2006). "Biology of Pseudomonas stutzeri". Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 70 (2): 510–47. doi:10.1128/MMBR.00047-05. PMC 1489536Freely accessible. PMID 16760312. 
  4. ^ Sepulveda-Torres; Rajendran, N; Dybas, MJ; Criddle, CS; et al. (1999). "Generation and initial characterization of Pseudomonas stutzeri KC mutants with impaired ability to degrade carbon tetrachloride". Arch Microbiol. 171 (6): 424–9. doi:10.1007/s002030050729. PMID 10369898. 
  5. ^ Noble RC, Overman SB (1994) Pseudomonas stutzeri Infection: A Review of Hospital Isolates and a Review of the Literature. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 19:51-56
  6. ^ a b Anzai; Kim, H; Park, JY; Wakabayashi, H; Oyaizu, H; et al. (Jul 2000). "Phylogenetic affiliation of the pseudomonads based on 16S rRNA sequence". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 50 (4): 1563–89. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-4-1563. PMID 10939664. 
  7. ^ a b Lorenz MG, Sikorski J (2000). "The potential for intraspecific horizontal gene exchange by natural genetic transformation: sexual isolation among genomovars of Pseudomonas stutzeri". Microbiology (Reading, Engl.). 146 Pt 12: 3081–90. doi:10.1099/00221287-146-12-3081. PMID 11101666. 
  8. ^ Smith BA, Dougherty KM, Baltrus DA (2014). "Complete Genome Sequence of the Highly Transformable Pseudomonas stutzeri Strain 28a24". Genome Announc. 2 (3). doi:10.1128/genomeA.00543-14. PMC 4047452Freely accessible. PMID 24903873. 

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