Pseudomonas tomato

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'Pseudomonas tomato'
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Pseudomonadales
Family: Pseudomonadaceae
Genus: Pseudomonas
Species: 'P. tomato'
Binomial name
'Pseudomonas tomato'
Gardan, et al. 1999
Type strain
CFBP 2212
Pathovars

'P. t.' pv. antirrhini
'P. t.' pv. apii
'P. t.' pv. berberidis
'P. t.' pv. delphinii
'P. t.' pv. lachrymans
'P. t.' pv. maculicola
'P. t.' pv. morsprunorum
'P. t.' pv. passiflorae
'P. t.' pv. persicae
'P. t.' pv. philadelphi
'P. t.' pv. primulae
'P. t.' pv. ribicola
'P. t.' pv. tomato
'P. t.' pv. viburni

'Pseudomonas tomato' is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium that infects a variety of plants. It was once considered a pathovar of Pseudomonas syringae, but following DNA-relatedness studies, it was recognized as a separate species and several other former P. syringae pathovars were incorporated into it.[1] Since no official name has yet been given, it is referred to by the epithet 'Pseudomonas tomato' .[2]

Pathovars[edit]

  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. antirrhini attacks snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus).
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. apii attacks celery (Apium graveolens).
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. berberidis attacks Berberidis species.
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. delphinii attacks Delphinium species.
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. lachrymans attacks cucumbers (Cucumis sativus).
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. maculicola attacks members of Brassica and Raphanus.
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. morsprunorum attacks plums (Prunus domestica).
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. passiflorae attacks passion fruit (Passiflora edulis).
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. persicae attacks the plum relative Prunus persicae.
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. philadelphi attacks the sweet mock-orange (Philadelphus coronarius).
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. primulae attacks Primula species.
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. ribicola attacks the golden currant Ribes aureum.
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. tomato attacks the tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) causing it to fruit less.[3]
  • 'Pseudomonas tomato' pv. viburni attacks Viburnum species.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gardan et al. (Apr 1999). "DNA relatedness among the pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and description of Pseudomonas tremae sp. nov. and Pseudomonas cannabina sp. nov. (ex Sutic and Dowson 1959)". Int J Syst Bacteriol 49 (2): 469–78. doi:10.1099/00207713-49-2-469. PMID 10319466. 
  2. ^ Elasri et al. (Mar 2001). "Acyl-Homoserine Lactone Production Is More Common among Plant-Associated Pseudomonas spp. than among Soilborne Pseudomonas spp". Appl Environ Microbiol 67 (3): 1198–209. doi:10.1128/AEM.67.3.1198-1209.2001. PMC 92714. PMID 11229911. 
  3. ^ Virginia Tech (2011). Research team unravels tomato pathogen's tricks of the trade. http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/articles/2011/11/110311-fralin-tomatopathogen.html