Pseudophilautus stellatus, commonly known as Kelaart's starry shrub frog, is a frog species in the family Rhacophoridae which is endemic to Sri Lanka. It was thought to be extinct for 156 years until it was rediscovered on November 22, 2009 from the Peak Wilderness, Central Hills of Sri Lanka. This species was previously only known by the lost holotype which was described very vaguely by Edward Frederick Kelaart in 1853. In 2013, a neotype was designated.
Pseudophilautus stellatus reaches a snout vent length of 39.6 to 55.3 mm. The dorsal view of the head is concave, the lateral view of the snout is rounded. The interorbital space and the internarial space are concave. Vomerine teeth and rudimentary webbing between the fingers are present. The snout, the interorbital area, the sides of head, the anterior dorsum, the posterior dorsum, and the dorsal thigh are weekly shagreen. The upper flank is shagreen to weakly areolate. The lower flank is weakly areolate. The throat is weakly granular. The canthus rostralis is rounded, the loreal region is concave. Tubercles on hands and feet are present. The lingual papilla is absent. The skin is lime-green with black out-lined white specks.
- Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Pethiyagoda, R., Dutta, S. & de Silva, A. 2004. Pseudophilautus stellatus. 2012 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 March 2013.
- L. J. Mendis Wickramasinghe et al.: Lost and found: One of the world's most elusive amphibians, Pseudophilautus stellatus (Kelaart 1853) rediscovered In: Zootaxa 3620 (1): 112–128 (5 Mar. 2013)
- L. J. Mendis Wickramasinghe et al.:Eight new species of Pseudophilautus (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Sripada World Heritage Site (Peak Wilderness), a local amphibian hotspot in Sri Lanka In: Journal of Threatened Taxa 13 March 2013 | 5(4): 3789–3920 doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3099.3789-920
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