Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum or barred sorubim or barred catfish is a species of long-whiskered catfish native to the Suriname, Corantijn and Essequibo. The nocturnal predator feeds mainly on other fish and crabs. Females reach a more notable size. They become sexually mature at 56 cm (22 in), males at 45 cm (18 in) and this species reaches a maximum length of 90 cm (35 in) TL. Fecundity seems to be estimated at 8 million eggs per kg, but was recently measured in aquaculture at a lower, and more likely) level of 150 000 eggs laid per kg.
According to Riehl and Haensch, five subspecies have been described:
- P. f. brevifile Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1882
- P. f. fasciatum Linnaeus, 1766
- P. f. intermedium Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888
- P. f. nigricans Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
- P. f. reticulatum Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
However, Buitrago–Suárez and Burr place P. f. brevifile, P. f. intermedium, and P. f. nigricans, in the synonymy of P. punctifer. P. f. reticulatum is elevated as another distinct species P. reticulatum.
Previously, all subspecies except P. f. reticulatum were considered synonyms of P. fasciatum.
Reproduction and rearing
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The species is of interest for aquaculture for food production (and indirectly as conservation measure because it may lower the fishing pressure on wild population), as well as for production of fish for aquariologists. Maturation in earthern tanks of fish caught in the wild is not problematic, since manipulation of fish during fishing and transportation is well done. Reproduction may be obtained with two injections of OVAPRIM® in 24 hours (10% and 90% of the recommended dosis, respectively), ovulation occurs after around 8 hr at 27 °C. Incubation of eggs is carried out in "Zug" jars and hatching occurs 24 hours after fertilization at 26,5 °C. Vitelus resorbtion takes 3 days but larvae start feeding 2 days after hatching, and may start active cannibalism at this moment. Feeding may start 48 hours post-hatching with freshly hatched artemia nauplii, seven times a day. Larvae must be kept in the dark in order to maximize uniform distribution of larvae in the tanks and therefore food availability. After 15 days, food may be completed and then replaced gradually with ground mammalian liver. After 20 days post hatching, fingerling may be fed high quality pelleted food adapted to their size.
- Buitrago–Suárez, U.A. and Burr, B.M. (2007) "Taxonomy of the catfish genus Pseudoplatystoma Bleeker (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) with recognition of eight species"; Zootaxa 1512: 1-38.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum" in FishBase. February 2012 version.
- Nuñez et al, 2008. Induced breeding and larval rearing of Surubi, Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Linnaeus, 1766), from the Bolivian Amazon , DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2008.01928.x
- Le Bail, P.-Y, P. Keith and P. Planquette. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane (tome 2, fascicule II). Publications scientifiques du M.N.H.N, Paris, p. 307 (2000)
- Riehl, R. and Baensch, H.A. Mergus Aquarien Atlas p. 510 (2002) 14. edt.
- Baras et al, 2011. How many meals a day to minimize cannibalism when rearing larvae of the Amazonian catfish Pseudoplatystoma punctifer? DOI:10.1051/alr/2011141 www.alr-journal.org