Pshdar dog

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Pshdar dog
Pshdar Dog-Kurdish Dog-Kurd Mastiff.jpg
Kurdish Mastiff dog
Other namesKurdish Shepherd Dog
Peshdar Dog
Kurdish dog
Kurdish mastiff
Common nicknamesPshdar Dog
Kurd mastiff
Weight Male 65–92 kg (143–203 lb)
Female 55–84 kg (121–185 lb)
Height 77–95 cm (30–37 in)
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Pejdar dog (Sorani Kurdish: سەگی پشدەری‎) or Kurdish Mastiff is an ancient dog breed landrace native to the Kurdistan region.[1][2] This dogs are often used as livestock guardians against predators.

It is the oldest dog breed in the Asian region.[citation needed] And one of the oldest in the world.

The dog is found in Iran in the cities of Bukan, Mahabad, Saqez, Sanandaj, Piranshahr and most of the cities of West Azerbaijan and parts of Kurdistan. There are dogs in the Iraqi Kurdistan such as the city of Pshdar (Qaladze), and some of them are considered as Pshdar .[clarification needed]

The coats of Kurd mastiffs can be yellow, white, red, burgundy, blue and black. The breed has loose skin, large dewlaps, and non-cartilaginous (soft, floppy) ears. The breed is longer and stronger than the other Asian mastiffs.

Weight and height[edit]

Kurdish Mastiff

Males weigh between 50 and 80 kilograms, females 45 to 65 kilograms. The height of these dogs at the shoulder is between 75 and 90 centimeters in males and between 70 and 85 in females.


If the proper nutrition and home are provided, these dogs live on average 10 to 13 years. If they are used in combat, their expected lifespan is reduced to 6-8 years.


Kurdish dogs need long walks during the day to drain their energy, so they should be kept in gardens or large courtyards. They are not suited to living in apartments.

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  • "Kurdish Shepherd Dog". Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  • Hole, Frank; Wyllie, Cherra (31 July 2018). "The Oldest Depictions of Canines and a Possible Early Breed of Dog in Iran". Paléorient. 33 (1): 175–185. doi:10.3406/paleo.2007.5213. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  • "History of Dogs". Natural Born Guardians. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  • "ETHNOLOGIE CANINE". Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  • "History". American Molosser Association. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  • "Dogs & Their Collars in Ancient Mesopotamia". Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  1. ^ "Kurdish Dog". Linkdin. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  2. ^ "5 Oppressed Iranian Dog Breeds". Dog Breeds FAQ. 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-10-15.