Psi Cygni

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Psi Cygni
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Cygnus
Right ascension 19h 55m 37.78622s[1]
Declination +52° 26′ 20.2116″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.92[2] (5.05 + 7.61)[3]
Spectral type A4 Vn[4] + F4 V[5]
U−B color index +0.05[2]
B−V color index +0.13[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) −10[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −37.62[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −31.13[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 11.59 ± 0.38[1] mas
Distance 281 ± 9 ly
(86 ± 3 pc)
ψ Cyg Aa
Luminosity 62[7] L
Temperature 7,971[7] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 207[4] km/s
ψ Cyg B
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 120[8] km/s
Other designations
ψ Cyg, 24 Cygni, BD+52° 2572, HD 189037, HIP 98055, HR 7619, SAO 32114, WDS 19556+5226.[9]
Database references

ψ Cygni (Latinised as Psi Cygni) is a triple star[3] system in the constellation called Cygnus. With a combined apparent visual magnitude of 4.92,[2] it is visible to the naked eye. As of 2002, the inner pair, components Aa and Ab, had an angular separation of 0.10 arc seconds along a position angle of 77.6°.[10] Their combined visual magnitude is 5.05.[3] Relative to this pair, the third member of the system, magnitude 7.61[3] component B, had an angular separation of 2.87 arc seconds along a position angle of 175.6° as of 2010.[11] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 11.59 mas,[1] Psi Cygni is located around 281 light years from the Sun.

The brighter member of the system, presumably component Aa, displays the spectrum of an A-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of A4 Vn,[4] where the 'n' notation indicates "nebulous" absorption lines due to rapid rotation. It appears to be a spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 207.[4] The component is radiating 62 times the solar luminosity from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 7,971 K.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV data, SIMBAD, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M. 
  3. ^ a b c d Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  4. ^ a b c d Royer, F.; et al. (February 2007), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. III. Velocity distributions", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 463 (2): 671–682, Bibcode:2007A&A...463..671R, arXiv:astro-ph/0610785Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065224. 
  5. ^ Edwards, T. W. (April 1976), "MK classification for visual binary components", Astronomical Journal, 81: 245−249, Bibcode:1976AJ.....81..245E, doi:10.1086/111879. 
  6. ^ Evans, D. S. (June 20–24, 1966), "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities", in Batten, Alan Henry; Heard, John Frederick, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30, University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union, Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E. 
  7. ^ a b c McDonald, I.; et al. (2012), "Fundamental Parameters and Infrared Excesses of Hipparcos Stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 427 (1): 343–57, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M, arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  8. ^ Uesugi, Akira; Fukuda, Ichiro (1970), "Catalogue of rotational velocities of the stars", Contributions from the Institute of Astrophysics and Kwasan Observatory, University of Kyoto, 
  9. ^ "psi Cyg -- Double or multiple star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2017-02-21. 
  10. ^ Roberts, Lewis C., Jr. (May 2011), "Astrometric and photometric measurements of binary stars with adaptive optics: observations from 2002", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 413 (2): 1200−1205, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.413.1200R, arXiv:1012.3383Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18205.x. 
  11. ^ Mason, Brian D.; et al. (August 2011), "Speckle Interferometry at the U.S. Naval Observatory. XVII.", The Astronomical Journal, 142 (2): 4, Bibcode:2011AJ....142...46M, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/142/2/46, 46.