Psidium

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Psidium
Psidium guajava fruit2.jpg
Guava (Psidium guajava)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Myrteae
Genus: Psidium
L.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Calyptropsidium O.Berg
  • Corynemyrtus (Kiaersk.) Mattos
  • Cuiavus Trew
  • Episyzygium Suess. & A.Ludw.
  • Guajava Mill.
  • Guayaba Noronha
  • Mitropsidium Burret

Psidium is a genus of trees and shrubs in the family Myrtaceae. It is native to warmer parts of the Western Hemisphere (Mexico, Central and South America, the West Indies, Galápagos, and the southern United States).[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Taxonomy[edit]

This genus was described first by Linnaeus in 1753.[10][11] Many of the species bear edible fruits, and for this reason several are cultivated commercially.[12] The most popularly cultivated species is the common guava, Psidium guajava.

Species[3]
  1. Psidium acidum - Peru, Ecuador
  2. Psidium acranthum - Dominican Rep
  3. Psidium acunae - Cuba
  4. Psidium acutangulum - from Colombia to Amapá and Bolivia
  5. Psidium albescens - Jamaica
  6. Psidium amplexicaule - Puerto Rico, Leeward Is.
  7. Psidium apiculatum - Bahia
  8. Psidium appendiculatum - N Venezuela, NE Brazil
  9. Psidium araucanum - São Paulo, Paraná
  10. Psidium arboreum - Rio de Janeiro
  11. Psidium australe - Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
  12. Psidium bahianum - Bahia
  13. Psidium balium - Cuba
  14. Psidium brevifolium - Dominican Rep
  15. Psidium brownianum - Venezuela, NE Brazil
  16. Psidium calyptranthoides - Puerto Rico
  17. Psidium canum - Brazil
  18. Psidium cattleianum - Brazil, Uruguay
  19. Psidium cauliflorum - Bahia
  20. Psidium celastroides - Cuba
  21. Psidium claraense - Cuba
  22. Psidium cymosum - Cuba
  23. Psidium densicomum - Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia, NW Brazil, Peru, Colombia
  24. Psidium dictyophyllum - Hispaniola
  25. Psidium donianum - Maranhão
  26. Psidium dumetorum - Jamaica but extinct
  27. Psidium eugenii - SE Brazil
  28. Psidium firmum - Brazil
  29. Psidium friedrichsthalianum - S Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela
  30. Psidium fulvum - Peru
  31. Psidium galapageium - Galápagos
  32. Psidium ganevii - Bahia
  33. Psidium giganteum - Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  34. Psidium glaziovianum - SE Brazil
  35. Psidium globosum - Uruguay
  36. Psidium grandifolium - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, NE Argentina
  37. Psidium guajava - Central + South America, West Indies, Mexico, Florida, Louisiana, Arizona;[13] naturalized in parts of Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, and on numerous oceanic islands
  38. Psidium guineense - Central + South America, Windward Is, Mexico
  39. Psidium guyanense - N Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana
  40. Psidium haitiense - Haiti
  41. Psidium harrisianum - Jamaica
  42. Psidium × hasslerianum - Paraguay, Central America
  43. Psidium hotteanum - Massif de la Hotte
  44. Psidium huanucoense - Huánuco
  45. Psidium inaequilaterum - SE Brazil
  46. Psidium itanareense - São Paulo
  47. Psidium jacquinianum - unknown
  48. Psidium jakucsianum - Cuba
  49. Psidium kennedyanum - Brazil, Paraguay, NE Argentina
  50. Psidium langsdorffii - Minas Gerais
  51. Psidium laruotteanum - from Costa Rica to Paraguay
  52. Psidium longipetiolatum - S Brazil
  53. Psidium lourteigiae - Brazil
  54. Psidium loustalotii - Cuba
  55. Psidium maribense - Colombia, Venezuela, N Brazil
  56. Psidium minutifolium - Cuba
  57. Psidium misionum - Paraguay, Misiones
  58. Psidium montanum - Jamaica
  59. Psidium munizianum - Cuba
  60. Psidium myrsinites - Brazil
  61. Psidium myrtoides - Brazil
  62. Psidium nannophyllum - Dominican Rep
  63. Psidium navasense - Cuba
  64. Psidium nummularia - Cuba
  65. Psidium nutans - Brazil, NE Argentina
  66. Psidium oblongatum - Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo
  67. Psidium oblongifolium - SE Brazil
  68. Psidium oligospermum - Minas Gerais, Paraíba
  69. Psidium oncocalyx - Bahia
  70. Psidium orbifolium - Cuba
  71. Psidium ovale - Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina
  72. Psidium parvifolium - Cuba
  73. Psidium pedicellatum - Colombia, Ecuador
  74. Psidium pigmeum - SE Brazil
  75. Psidium raimondii - Peru
  76. Psidium ramboanum - Mato Grosso
  77. Psidium ratterianum - Brasília
  78. Psidium refractum - Goiás
  79. Psidium reptans - Paraná
  80. Psidium reversum - Sierra Sagua Baracoa in Cuba
  81. Psidium rhombeum - Bahia
  82. Psidium riparium - Brazil
  83. Psidium robustum - Maranhão, Minas Gerais, São Paulo
  84. Psidium rostratum - Peru
  85. Psidium rotundatum - Cuba
  86. Psidium rufum - Brazil
  87. Psidium rutidocarpum - Peru
  88. Psidium salutare - Central + South America, West Indies, S Mexico
  89. Psidium sartorianum - Central + South America, West Indies, Mexico
  90. Psidium schenckianum - E Brazil
  91. Psidium scopulorum - Cuba
  92. Psidium sessilifolium - Dominican Rep
  93. Psidium sintenisii - Puerto Rico
  94. Psidium sorocabense - SE Brazil
  95. Psidium striatulum -Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname
  96. Psidium tenuirame - Cuba
  97. Psidium trilobum - Massif du Nord in Haiti

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Psidium L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2010-03-03. 
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". 
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. 4(1): i–xvi, 1–855. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  6. ^ Landrum, L. R. & M. L. Kawasaki. 1997. The genera of Myrtaceae in Brazil: an illustrated synoptic treatment and identification keys. Brittonia 49(4): 508–536.
  7. ^ Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. 1989. Flora de Nicaragua: Myrtaceae. Brenesia 31: 53–73.
  8. ^ Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. 2001. Calycolpus, Eugenia, Myrcia, Myrcianthes, Myrciaria, Pimenta, Plinia, Psidium, Syzygium, Ugni. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. Pool & O.M. Montiel (eds.), Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85(2): 1566, 1570–1574, 1575–1580.
  9. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, genus Psidium
  10. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 470 in Latin
  11. ^ Tropicos, Psidium L.
  12. ^ Jules Janick, Robert E. Paull, ed. (2008). The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts (illustrated ed.). CABI. ISBN 9780851996387. 
  13. ^ Biota of North America 2013 county distribution map, Psidium guajava

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Psidium at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Psidium at Wikispecies