Psilocybe silvatica

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Psilocybe silvatica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Psilocybe
Species: P. silvatica
Binomial name
Psilocybe silvatica
(Peck) Singer & A.H.Sm. (1958)
Synonyms[1]
  • Psathyra silvatica Peck (1889)
  • Pilosace silvaticus (Peck) Kuntze (1898)
  • Hypholoma silvaticum (Peck) A.H.Sm. (1941)

Psilocybe silvatica is a psilocybin mushroom in the section Semilanceatae of order Agaricales. Psilocybin is the main active compound. The species is closely related to its European twin Psilocybe medullosa, which differs genetically, and the American Psilocybe pelliculosa, which can be distinguished by spore size and cheilocystidia shape.

Taxonomy[edit]

The fungus was first described by American mycologist Charles Horton Peck in 1889 as Psathyra silvatica.[2] Rolf Singer and Alexander H. Smith transferred it to Psilocybe in 1958.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Psilocybe silvatica (Peck) Singer & A.H. Sm.". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-10-30. 
  2. ^ Peck CH. (1889). "Report of the Botanist (1888)". Annual Report on the New York State Museum of Natural History 42: 101–44 (see p. 116). 
  3. ^ Singer R, Smith AH. (1958). "Taxomomic monograph of Psilocybe sect. Caerulescentes". Mycologia 50: 262–303 (see p. 277). doi:10.2307/3756197. 

External links[edit]