Psionics is a blanket term used to describe alleged psychic effects such as telepathy, psychokinesis, pyrokinesis and others. Parapsychology, a pseudoscience that began around 1889, aims to study psionics and other supernatural claims.[page needed] There is no scientific evidence that psionic abilities exist.
John W. Campbell, an editor of a science fiction magazine, became enthused about fringe science, and according to The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction, he went on to define psionics as "Engineering applied to the mind". His encouragement of psionics led author Murray Leinster and others to write stories such as The Psionic Mousetrap.
Psionic abilities appear frequently in science fiction and provide characters with supernatural abilities.
- List of psychic abilities
- List of superhuman features and abilities in fiction
- Psionics (role-playing games)
- Williams, William F. (2013). Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience: From Alien Abductions to Zone Therapy. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 279-. ISBN 9781135955229.
- Shepard, Leslie (1996). Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology (4th ed.). Detroit, Mich.: Thomas Gale. ISBN 978-0-8103-9487-2.
- Cordón, Luis A. (2005). Popular Psychology: an Encyclopedia. Wesport (Conn.): Greenwood. p. 182. ISBN 0-313-32457-3.
The essential problem is that a large portion of the scientific community, including most research psychologists, regards parapsychology as a pseudoscience, due largely to its failure to move beyond null results in the way science usually does. Ordinarily, when experimental evidence fails repeatedly to support a hypothesis, that hypothesis is abandoned. Within parapsychology, however, more than a century of experimentation has failed to conclusively demonstrate the mere existence of paranormal phenomenon, yet parapsychologists continue to pursue that elusive goal.
- Westfahl, Gary (2005). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313329508.
- Bould, Mark (2011). The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction (Paperback ed.). London: Routledge. p. 410. ISBN 0415453798.
- "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- Anderson, Poul (1981). Fantasy (1st ed.). [S.l.]: Tom Doherty Associates. p. 270. ISBN 9780523485157.
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