Psionics is a type of alleged psychic ability that includes telepathy, psychokinesis, pyrokinesis, and others.[not in citation given] The term comes from psi ('psyche') and the -onics from electronics (machine). Parapsychology is a pseudoscience that began around 1889 and aims to study psionics and other supernatural claims.[page needed] There is no scientific evidence that psionic abilities exist.
Psionic abilities appear frequently in science fiction and provide characters with supernatural abilities. John W. Campbell, an editor of a science fiction magazine, became excited about fringe science, and went on to define psionics as "engineering applied to the mind". His encouragement of psionics led author Murray Leinster and others to write stories such as The Psionic Mousetrap.
- List of psychic abilities
- List of superhuman features and abilities in fiction
- Psionics (role-playing games)
- Williams, William F. (2013). Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience: From Alien Abductions to Zone Therapy. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 279-. ISBN 9781135955229. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- Shepard, Leslie (1996). Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology (4th ed.). Detroit, Mich.: Thomas Gale. ISBN 978-0-8103-9487-2.
- Cordón, Luis A. (2005). Popular Psychology: an Encyclopedia. Wesport (Conn.): Greenwood. p. 182. ISBN 0-313-32457-3.
The essential problem is that a large portion of the scientific community, including most research psychologists, regards parapsychology as a pseudoscience, due largely to its failure to move beyond null results in the way science usually does. Ordinarily, when experimental evidence fails repeatedly to support a hypothesis, that hypothesis is abandoned. Within parapsychology, however, more than a century of experimentation has failed to conclusively demonstrate the mere existence of paranormal phenomenon, yet parapsychologists continue to pursue that elusive goal.
- Anderson, Poul (1981). Fantasy (1st ed.). [S.l.]: Tom Doherty Associates. p. 270. ISBN 9780523485157.
- Westfahl, Gary (2005). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. p. 167. ISBN 0313329508.
- Bould, Mark (2011). The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction (Paperback ed.). London: Routledge. p. 410. ISBN 0415453798. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
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