Psoroptes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Psoroptes ovis)
Jump to: navigation, search
Psoroptes
Psoroptes cuniculi.JPG
"Psoroptes cuniculi"
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Order: Sarcoptiformes
(unranked): Astigmatina
Family: Psoroptidae
Genus: Psoroptes
Gervais, 1841
Species: P. ovis
Binomial name
Psoroptes equi
(Hering, 1838)
Synonyms
  • Psoroptes cuniculi (Delafond, 1859)
  • Psoroptes ovis (Hering, 1838)
  • Psoroptes cervinus Ward, 1915
  • Psoroptes natalensis Hirst, 1919

Psoroptes is a genus of mites, including the agents that cause psoroptic mange.

Psoroptic mange[edit]

Psoroptes mites are responsible for causing psoroptic mange in various animals, leading to economic losses among farmers of cattle, sheep and goats.[1] It is also known as sheep scab and cattle scab.[1] The disease is highly infectious, and is transmitted via fenceposts and other structures that livestock use when scratching themselves.[1] The mites have mouthparts which do not pierce the skin, but are adapted to feeding on the surface, where the mites abrade the stratum corneum.[1] See Mites of livestock for photographs of infestations by Psoroptes.

Taxonomy[edit]

Psoroptes has been traditionally considered to include five species living on different host species, but genetic analysis has reduced the genus to a single species, Psoroptes ovis.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gary Mullen & Barry M. OConnor (2009). "Mites (Acari)". In Gary Mullen & Lance Durden. Medical and Veterinary Entomology (2nd ed.). Academic Press. pp. 423–482. ISBN 978-0-12-372500-4. 
  2. ^ Iowa State University (2009). "Sheep scab" (PDF).