Psorothamnus arborescens

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Psorothamnus arborescens
California indigo bush (Psorothamnus arborescens var. simplicifolius) (16768840710).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Psorothamnus
Species: P. arborescens
Binomial name
Psorothamnus arborescens
(Torr. exA.Gray) Barneby

Psorothamnus arborescens is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Mojave indigo bush.

Distribution[edit]

Psorothamnus arborescens is native to southwestern North America, where it can be found in many types of desert and dry mountainous habitats. It grows at 100–1,900 metres (330–6,230 ft) in elevation.[1]

It is found in the Californian Mojave Desert and Colorado Desert, south into the Sonoran Desert in Northwest Mexico, east past the Sierra Nevada into the Nevada Great Basin desert, and west into the San Bernardino Mountains of Southern California.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Psorothamnus arborescens is a shrub growing no more than 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall, its highly branching stems sometimes with thorns. The leaves are each made up of a few pairs of green linear to oval leaflets up to a centimeter in length.[1]

The inflorescence is a long raceme of many flowers with reddish green calyces of sepals and bright purple pealike corollas up to a centimeter long.

The fruit is a glandular legume pod up to a centimeter long containing one seed.

Varieties[edit]

The varieties of this species are generally similar in appearance but more restricted in distribution:

  • Psorothamnus arborescens var. arborescens (syn: Dalea fremontii var. saundersii (Parish) Munz) - southwestern Mojave Desert, 400–800 metres (1,300–2,600 ft) elevation.[3]
  • Psorothamnus arborescens var. minutifolius - White and Inyo Mountains, Mojave sky islands, east of Sierra Nevada, 150–1,900 metres (490–6,230 ft) elevation.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]