Psychological intervention

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Psychotherapy

In applied psychology, interventions are actions performed to bring about change in people. A wide range of intervention strategies exist and they are directed towards various types of issues. Most generally, it means any activities used to modify behavior, emotional state, or feelings.[citation needed] Psychological interventions have many different applications and the most common use is for the treatment of mental disorders, most commonly using psychotherapy. The ultimate goal behind these interventions is not only to alleviate symptoms but also to target the root cause of mental disorders.

To treat mental disorders psychological interventions can be coupled with psychoactive medication. Psychiatrists commonly prescribe drugs to manage symptoms of mental disorders. Psychosocial interventions have a greater or more direct focus on a person's social environment in interaction with their psychological functioning.

Psychological interventions can also be used to promote good mental health in order to prevent mental disorders. These interventions are not tailored towards treating a condition but are designed to foster healthy emotions, attitudes and habits. Such interventions can improve quality of life even when mental illness is not present.[1]

Interventions can be diverse and can be tailored specifically to the individual or group receiving treatment depending on their needs. This versatility adds to their effectiveness in addressing all kinds of situations.[2]

Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, promotes a relationship between a trained psychotherapist and a person suffering from a psychological disorder.

Positive activity interventions (PAIs) are a part of positive psychology. PAIs can be used in psychotherapy as well as outside of it. Examples include helping clients to focus on good things, the future self, gratitude, affirmation of the self and kindness towards others.[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Feldman, D. B. & Dreher, D. E. (2012). "Can hope be changed in 90 minutes? Testing the efficacy of a single-session goal-pursuit intervention for college students". Journal of Happiness Studies. 13 (4): 745–759. doi:10.1007/s10902-011-9292-4. 
  2. ^ Domínguez Martínez, T.; Manel Blonqué, J.; Codina, J.; Montoro, M.; Mauri, L. & Barrantes-Vidal, N. (2011). "Rationale and state of the art in early detection and intervention in psychosis" (PDF). Salud Mental. 34 (4): 341–350. 
  3. ^ Layous, K.; Lyubomirsky, S. (2012). "The how, why, what, when, and who of happiness: Mechanisms underlying the success of positive interventions" (PDF). In J. Gruber; J. Moscowitz. The light and dark side of positive emotions. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 473–495.