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Psychrolutes marcidus

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Blobfish may also refer to the related species Psychrolutes microporos.

Psychrolutes marcidus
Psychrolutes marcidus.jpg
Drawing of blobfish by Allan Riverstone McCulloch
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Psychrolutidae
Genus: Psychrolutes
Species:
P. marcidus
Binomial name
Psychrolutes marcidus
(McCulloch, 1926)
Synonyms

Neophrynichthys marcidus McCulloch, 1926

Psychrolutes marcidus, the smooth-head blobfish,[1] also known simply as blobfish,[1] is a deep sea fish of the family Psychrolutidae. It inhabits the deep waters off the coasts of mainland Australia and Tasmania, as well as the waters of New Zealand.[2]

Blobfish are typically shorter than 30 cm (12 in). They live at depths between 600 and 1,200 m (2,000 and 3,900 ft) where the pressure is 60 to 120 times as great as at sea level, which would likely make gas bladders inefficient for maintaining buoyancy.[2] Instead, the flesh of the blobfish is primarily a gelatinous mass with a density slightly less than water; this allows the fish to float above the sea floor without expending energy on swimming. Its relative lack of muscle is not a disadvantage as it primarily swallows edible matter that floats in front of it such as deep-ocean crustaceans.[3]

Blobfish are often caught as bycatch in bottom trawling nets.

The popular impression of the blobfish as bulbous and gelatinous is partially an artifact of the decompression damage done to specimens when they are brought to the surface from the extreme depths in which they live.[4][better source needed] In their natural environment, blobfish appear more typical of their superclass Osteichthyes (bony fish).

References

  1. ^ a b "Psychrolutes marcidus – Names". Atlas of Living Australia. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2010). "Psychrolutes marcidus" in FishBase. February 2010 version.
  3. ^ Hearst, Michael (2012). Unusual Creatures: A Mostly Accurate Account of Some of Earth's Strangest Animals. Chronicle Books. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-4521-0467-6.
  4. ^ Schultz, Colin. "In Defense of the Blobfish: Why the "World's Ugliest Animal" Isn't as Ugly as You Think It Is". Smithsonian.

External links