Pteria (Cappadocia)

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The ruins of Pteria from the book "History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria (1903)"

Pteria (Ancient Greek: Πτερία) was the capital of the Assyrians in northern Cappadocia. They were said by Herodotus to have been taken and ruined by Croesus in 547 BCE. It also was the place of an undecided battle between Cyrus the Great and Croesus.[1]

Stephanus of Byzantium cites two towns with this or a similar name: a Pterium, which he calls a town of the Medes, and Pteria, a town in the territory of Sinope.[2]

Its site is located near Kerkenes Dağ, Asiatic Turkey.[3][4]

External links[edit]

  • The Histories of Herodotus By Herodotus, Henry Cary
  • 2002 Times Online report on possible site find
  • "Pteria" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.


  1. ^ Herodotus. Histories. Vol. 1.76.
  2. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. Vol. s.v. Πτέριον.
  3. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 63, and directory notes accompanying.
  4. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Pteria". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 39°44′54″N 35°03′56″E / 39.74827°N 35.06565°E / 39.74827; 35.06565