Pteris cretica

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Pteris cretica
Pteris cretica 'Albo-lineata' a1.jpg
P. cretica var. albolineata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida/Pteridopsida
(disputed)
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Genus: Pteris
Species: P. cretica
Binomial name
Pteris cretica
L.

Pteris cretica, the Cretan brake,[1] ribbon fern,[2] or Cretan brake fern, is a species of evergreen fern in the family Pteridaceae, native to Europe, Asia and Africa.

Description[edit]

The fern grows to 75 cm (30 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) broad. It has arching pinnate fronds each bearing up to five pinnae.[3][4]

Cultivation[edit]

Pteris cretica is cultivated widely by plant nurseries. It is used in gardens in the ground and as a potted plant, and as a houseplant. The variety with variegated foliage, Pteris cretica var. albolineata, is also widely used, brightening shade gardens.

Both types thrive year round outdoors in subtropical climates, such as California. With a minimum temperature of 2 °C (36 °F), both require protection from frost, though the species is hardier and can be grown outdoors during the summer months in cold climates.[3]

The species, [5] and the albolineata' variety, [6] have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

A relictuous presence is certificated in the Italian peninsula Lazio (Ponte Terra gorge, San Vittorino, Rome).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pteris cretica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  4. ^ "Missour Botanical Garden - Pteris cretica". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Pteris cretica". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Pteris cretica var. albolineata". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 

External links[edit]