Pterocarpus santalinoides

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Pterocarpus santalinoides
Pterocarpus santalinoides MS 4518.jpg
Pterocarpus santalinoides inflorescences, Comoé-Léraba reserve, Burkina Faso
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Dalbergieae
Genus: Pterocarpus
Species: P. santalinoides
Binomial name
Pterocarpus santalinoides
Synonyms

[2]
Lingoum esculentum (Schum. & Thonn.) Kuntze
Pterocarpus amazonicus Huber
Pterocarpus esculentus Schum. & Thonn.
Pterocarpus grandis Cowan
Pterocarpus michelii Cowan

Pterocarpus santalinoides is a tree species in the legume family (biology) (Fabaceae); it is locally known as mututi.[2]

It has a remarkable bi-continental distribution, native to tropical western Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo) and also to South America (Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela).[3]

It grows to 9–12 m tall, with a trunk up to 1 m in diameter and flaky bark. The leaves are pinnate, 10–20 cm long, with 5–9 leaflets. The flowers are orange-yellow, produced in panicles. The fruit is a pod 3.5–6 cm long, with a wing extending three-quarters around the margin.[4]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Pterocarpus santalinoides". Actos Database. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b ILDIS (2005)
  3. ^ Prado (1998), ILDIS (2005)
  4. ^ World Agroforestry Centre: Pterocarpus santalinoides

References[edit]