Phoenix petrel

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Phoenix petrel
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Procellariidae
Genus: Pterodroma
Species: P. alba
Binomial name
Pterodroma alba
(Gmelin, 1789)

Procellaria alba Gmelin, 1789[2]
Procellaria parvirostris Peale, 1848[2]
Rhantistes parvirostris Bp, 1856[3]
Æstrelata parvirostris Coues, 1866[3]
Œstrelata parvirostris Lister, 1891[4]

The Phoenix petrel (Pterodroma alba) is a medium-sized tropical seabird, measuring up to 35 cm (14 in) long, with a wingspan of 83 cm (33 in). It has a dark brown upperparts plumage, white below and whitish throat. The sexes are similar.

The Phoenix petrel is found throughout oceans and coastal areas in the central Pacific Ocean. Their colonies can be found on Phoenix, Tonga, Kiritimati, Tuamotu, Marquesas and Pitcairn Island. Females lay one white egg on the ground surface. The diet consists mainly of squid, fish and crustaceans.

Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size, predation by invasive species and human exploitation, the Phoenix petrel is evaluated as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma alba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Loomis, Leverett Mills (January 1920). "On Procellaria alba Gmelin" (PDF). The Auk. 38 (1): 88–91. 
  3. ^ a b Streets, Thomas H. (1877). "Contributions to the Natural History of the Hawaiian and Fanning Islands and Lower California". Bulletin of the United States National Museum, Issue 7. Washington, DC: The Smithsonian Institution. p. 30. 
  4. ^ Sharpe, Richard (ed.). "Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum: Gaviæ and Tubinares". London, UK: British Museum of Natural History: 405. 

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