Pterophyllum leopoldi

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Pterophyllum leopoldi
Pterophyllum leopoldi.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Pterophyllum
Species: P. leopoldi
Binomial name
Pterophyllum leopoldi
(J. P. Gosse, 1963)
  • Plataxoides leopoldi J. P. Gosse, 1963

Pterophyllum leopoldi, also referred to as the teardrop angelfish, Leopold's angelfish[1] dwarf angelfish, or roman-nosed angelfish,[2] is an angelfish species native to the Amazon River (between Manacapuru and Santarém), Essequibo River and Rupununi River.[3]

It is distinguished from other members of the Pterophyllum genus by the absence of a pre-dorsal notch and by the presence of a black blotch at the dorsal insertion on the 4th vertical bar.[1]

The species is frequently misidentified as P. dumerilii when it is imported in the aquarium trade.[4] P. leopoldi is the smallest of the angelfish species reaching a length of 5 centimetres (2.0 in) SL[3] and the most aggressive.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Juan Miguel Artigas Azas (2007-04-10). "Pterophyllum leopoldi (Gosse, 1963)". The Cichlid Room Companion. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  2. ^ "Angelfish: new names, new species". Tropical Fish Finder. 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Pterophyllum leopoldi" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  4. ^ Hougen, Dean (May–June 1994). "Cichlids of the New World: An Unexpected Acara and Part II - High-bodied Acaras". Aqua News. the Minnesota Aquarium Society. Retrieved 2008-05-19.