Zgornja Kapla

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Zgornja Kapla
Kapla.jpg
Zgornja Kapla is located in Slovenia
Zgornja Kapla
Zgornja Kapla
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°37′47.49″N 15°21′37.2″E / 46.6298583°N 15.360333°E / 46.6298583; 15.360333Coordinates: 46°37′47.49″N 15°21′37.2″E / 46.6298583°N 15.360333°E / 46.6298583; 15.360333
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Styria
Statistical region Carinthia
Municipality Podvelka
Area
 • Total 13.87 km2 (5.36 sq mi)
Elevation 828.5 m (2,718.2 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 200
[1]

Zgornja Kapla (pronounced [ˈzɡoːrnja ˈkaːpla]) is a dispersed settlement in the hills north of the Drava River in the Municipality of Podvelka in Slovenia, on the border with Austria.[2]

Name[edit]

The name Zgornja Kapla literally means 'upper Kapla', distinguishing the settlement from neighboring Spodnja Kapla (literally, 'lower Kapla'). Like other settlements named Kapla (e.g., Kapla in the Municipality of Tabor) and similar names (e.g., Kaplja vas, Kapljišče, and Železna Kapla in Austria), the name is derived from the Slovene common noun *kapla 'chapel' (< *kapela < MHG and OHG kappella < Latin cappella 'chapel'), referring to a local religious structure.[3]

Mass graves[edit]

Zgornja Kapla is the site of three known mass graves or unmarked graves associated with the Second World War. All of the victims were murdered in May 1945 by the Jože Lacko Detachment of the Partisan forces. The Zgornji Pavlič Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Zgornji Pavlič) is located in the woods about 100 m south of the Zgornji Pavlič farm (at Zgornja Kapla no. 16). It contains the remains of about 45 Hungarian civilians.[4] The Pušnik Chapel-Shrine Grave (Grobišče pri Pušnikovi kapeli) is located about 150 m northeast of the Kure farm (Zgornja Kapla no. 65). It contains the remains of a Slovene that was murdered because he had been mobilized into the German military.[5] The Sršen 3 Grave (Grobišče Sršen 3) lies on the edge of a woods about 130 m below the abandoned farm at Zgornja Kapla no. 57 and 200 m east of the Stojan farm. It contains the remains of a person murdered on suspicion of being an informant.[6]

Church[edit]

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Catherine and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor. It is first mentioned in written documents dating to 1389. The current building dates to after 1813, when the old church burned down.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia Archived November 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Podvelka municipal site
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 186.
  4. ^ Zgornji Pavlič Mass Grave Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
  5. ^ Pušnik Chapel-Shrine Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
  6. ^ Sršen 3 Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
  7. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived July 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. reference number 3061

External links[edit]