Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response Act

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Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles Bioterrorism Preparedness Act of 2001
Long title An Act to improve the ability of the United States to prevent, prepare for, and respond to bioterrorism and other public health emergencies.
Enacted by the 107th United States Congress
Effective June 12, 2002
Public law 107-188
Statutes at Large 116 Stat. 594
Titles amended 42: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections amended Chapter 6A § 201 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 3448 by Wilbert J. Tauzin, II (RLA) on December 11, 2001
  • Passed the House on December 12, 2001 (418-2)
  • Passed the Senate on December 20, 2001 (Passed Unanimous Consent)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on May 21, 2002; agreed to by the House on May 22, 2002 (425-1) and by the Senate on May 23, 2002 (98-0)
  • Signed into law by President George W. Bush on June 12, 2002

Signed into effect on 12 June 2002, the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response Act, (PHSBPRA) was signed by the President, the Department of Health and Human Services DHHS and the U.S. Department of Agriculture USDA.

Intended to establish new requirements for registration of possession, use, and transfer of Select Agents and Toxins that could pose a threat to human, animal, and plant safety and health.

An important component to the new rules include security risk assessment of individuals who have access to the select agents and toxins. Any person who meets the criteria of a "restricted person" as defined in the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (USA PATRIOT Act) of 2001, must not be allowed to access these materials.

A “restricted person” is a person who:

  • is under indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year
  • has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year
  • is a fugitive from justice
  • is an unlawful user of any controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)
  • is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the United States
  • has been adjudicated as a mental defective or has been committed to any mental institution
  • is an alien (other than an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence) who is a national of Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan or Syria, or any other country to which the Secretary of State, pursuant to applicable law, has made a determination (that remains in effect) that such country has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism


  • has been discharged from the Armed Services of the United States under dishonorable conditions