Public Health Service Act

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Public Health Service Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long title An Act to consolidate and revise the laws relating to the Public Health Service, and for other purposes.
Enacted by the 78th United States Congress
Effective July 1, 1944
Public law 78-410
Statutes at Large 58 Stat. 682, Chapter 373
Titles amended 42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections created 42 U.S.C. ch. 6A § 201 et seq.
Legislative history
Major amendments
Family Planning Services and Population Research Act of 1970
National Cancer Act of 1971
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
Muscular Dystrophy Community Assistance Research and Education Amendments of 2001
Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001[1]
Newborn Screening Saves Lives Act of 2007
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act of 2013 (H.R. 307; 113th Congress)

The Public Health Service Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1944.[2] The full act is captured under Title 42 of the United States Code (The Public Health and Welfare), Chapter 6A (Public Health Service).[3]


The act clearly established the federal government's quarantine authority for the first time. It gave the United States Public Health Service responsibility for preventing the introduction, transmission and spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the United States.[4]

Amendments to the Public Health Service Act[edit]

It has since been amended many times. Some of these amendments are:

Failed amendments to the Public Health Service Act[edit]

Other attempted amendments to the act have failed, such as the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Acts of 2005 and 2007.

Proposed amendments to the Public Health Service Act[edit]


  1. ^ "Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001" OLPA Legislative Updates
  2. ^ Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Franklin D. Roosevelt: "49 - Statement of the President on Signing the Public Health Service Act" July 1, 1944". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Public Health Service Act". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 29 July 2007. 
  4. ^ History of Quarantine at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. ^ US Office of Population Affairs - Legislation
  6. ^ OPA: PUBLIC LAW 91-572-DEC. 24, 1970
  7. ^ "Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001" OLPA Legislative Updates
  8. ^
  9. ^ "H.R. 235 -". United States Congress. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "H.R. 297 - text". United States Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "S. 2154 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 

External links[edit]