Public Health Service Act
|Long title||An Act to consolidate and revise the laws relating to the Public Health Service, and for other purposes.|
|Enacted by||the 78th United States Congress|
|Effective||July 1, 1944|
|Statutes at Large||58 Stat. 682, Chapter 373|
|Titles amended||42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare|
|U.S.C. sections created||42 U.S.C. ch. 6A § 201 et seq.|
The Public Health Service Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1944. The full act is captured under Title 42 of the United States Code (The Public Health and Welfare), Chapter 6A (Public Health Service).
The act clearly established the federal government's quarantine authority for the first time. It gave the United States Public Health Service responsibility for preventing the introduction, transmission and spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the United States.
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Amendments to the Public Health Service Act
It has since been amended many times. Some of these amendments are:
- Family Planning Services and Population Research Act of 1970 Pub.L. 91–572, which established Title X of the Public Health Service Act, dedicated to providing family planning services for those in need.
- National Cancer Act of 1971
- Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
- Muscular Dystrophy Community Assistance Research and Education Amendments of 2001
- Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001
- Newborn Screening Saves Lives Act of 2007
- Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
- Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act of 2013 (H.R. 307; 113th Congress)
Failed amendments to the Public Health Service Act
Other attempted amendments to the act have failed, such as the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Acts of 2005 and 2007.
Proposed amendments to the Public Health Service Act
- One proposal to amend the Public Health Service Act is the Veteran Emergency Medical Technician Support Act of 2013 ("H.R. 235".), a bill in the 113th United States Congress. The bill was introduced on January 14, 2013 by Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-IL). It passed the United States House of Representatives on February 12, 2013 by a voice vote, indicating that it was generally non-controversial. The Bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a demonstration program for states with a shortage of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to streamline state requirements and procedures to assist veterans who completed military EMT training while serving in the Armed Forces to meet state EMT certification, licensure, and other requirements. The bill still needs to pass in the United States Senate and be signed by the President of the United States before it would become law.
- The Children's Hospital GME Support Reauthorization Act of 2013 (H.R. 297; 113th Congress) is a bill in the 113th United States Congress that would amend the Public Health Service Act to extend and reauthorize appropriations for payments to children's hospitals for expenses associated with operating approved graduate medical residency training programs. The portion of the Public Health Service Act that would be amended is Section 340E (42 U.S.C. 256e). The amendment would cover Fiscal Years 2013 - 2017. H.R. 297 passed the United States House of Representatives with a vote of 352-50 on February 4, 2013 (Roll no. 32).
- Emergency Medical Services for Children Reauthorization Act of 2014 (S. 2154; 113th Congress) is a bill in the 113th United States Congress that would amend the Public Health Service Act to reauthorize the Emergency Medical Services for Children Program through FY2019.
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Franklin D. Roosevelt: "49 - Statement of the President on Signing the Public Health Service Act" July 1, 1944". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Public Health Service Act". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
- History of Quarantine at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- US Office of Population Affairs - Legislation
- OPA: PUBLIC LAW 91-572-DEC. 24, 1970
- "Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001" OLPA Legislative Updates
- "H.R. 235 - Congress.gov". United States Congress. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "H.R. 297 - text". United States Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "S. 2154 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
- Current version of the Public Health Service Act, as codified
- Original uncodified bill, as amended (8/5/2009)
- 78th U.S. Congress (May 23, 1944). "H.R. 4624, Public Health Service Act, May 23, 1944". Chapter 373, cited 58 U.S. Stats. 682. U.S. Capitol Visitor Center. Retrieved May 25, 2013.