Public holidays in the Philippines
This is a list of public holidays in the Philippines.
The final two weeks of 2008 had the largest number of holidays based on Presidential Proclamation 1463 with offices closed from December 25, 2008 until January 4, 2009.
To create three-day weekends, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo moved those holidays that fell on a Wednesday or Thursday to that week's Friday; or to that week's Monday if these were on a Tuesday. When she introduced the policy in 2001, she coined the term holiday economics and argued that the policy was less disruptive of business and production schedules, encouraged domestic tourism, and gave employees longer weekends. In 2004 she issued a proclamation making Christmas Eve as special non-working holiday and December 27, the Monday after Christmas as special non-working holiday.
On July 25, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed into law "An Act Rationalizing the Celebration of National Holidays" (RA 9492), designating 11 Regular Holidays and three Nationwide Special Holidays. Specific dates or days for celebration are designated. The law provides that holidays falling on a Wednesday will be observed on the Monday of the week and that holidays falling on a Sunday, the holiday will be observed on the Monday that follows. Three holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Eid ul-Fitr) are designated as having movable dates, and the law provides that for movable holidays the President shall issue a proclamation, at least six months prior to the holiday concerned, the specific date that shall be declared as a non-working day. Though it was allowed by RA 9492, Labor Day was never moved to another date by President Arroyo at the request of labor groups.
While Arroyo's "holiday economics" has been praised for boosting domestic tourism and for encouraging more quality time among members of Filipino families, businessmen complained over lost productivity and the hassle of preparing mandatory holiday and overtime salaries in a short period of time. Others deplored it as presidential tinkering with history via executive fiat.
The following President, Benigno Aquino III, abandoned the "holiday economics" scheme saying he preferred that holidays be observed on their original dates and that the policy actually disrupted the economy, saying holidays "that fell on weekends will be commemorated on weekends so people can continue earning their wages on the days when they're supposed to."
The Labor Code of the Philippines specifies two types of holidays: the "regular holiday" and the "special non-working day". There is a difference in the pay that employers are required to pay between the two type of holidays. There is also a difference in what is closed and in how the days are declared.
|Did not work||Did work|
|Regular holiday||100% of daily wage||200% of daily wage|
|Special non-working day||not paid||130% of daily wage|
On top of these pay rules, an employee shall be given an additional 30% if the holiday falls on his or her rest day, and an additional 30% if he or she works overtime.
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|January 1||New Year's Day||Araw ng Bagong Taon||Fixed|
|April 9||Day of Valor||Araw ng Kagitingan||Fixed||Commemorates the Fall of Bataan during the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, and by extension, the courage of Filipino and American soldiers throughout the Second World War.|
|March 24 (2016)||Maundy Thursday||Huwebes Santo||Movable||Part of the Triduum of Holy Week and includes the Mass of the Lord's Supper (the Last Supper).|
|March 25 (2016)||Good Friday||Biyernes Santo||Movable||Commemorates the suffering, crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. Processions, passion plays, the recitation of the Pasyon, and various religious services are among the customs practiced on this day.|
|May 1||Labor Day||Araw ng mga Manggagawa||Fixed|
|June 12||Independence Day||Araw ng Kalayaan||Fixed||Anniversary of the proclamation of the Philippine Declaration of Independence on June 12, 1898. From 1947 to 1964, Independence Day was celebrated on July 4 (see below).|
|July 6 (2016) (calculated)||Eid'l Fitr||Pagwawakas ng Ramadan / Lebaran / Araw ng raya||Movable||Feast at the end of Ramadan|
|August 29 (2016)||National Heroes' Day||Araw ng mga Bayani||Movable||Anniversary of the 1896 Cry of Pugad Lawin by the Katipunan which began the Philippine Revolution and commemorates all the nation's heroes. Every last Monday of August.|
|September 11 (2016) (calculated)||Eidul Adha||Eidul Adha / Araw ng kurban||Movable||Feast at the end of the Hajj when Muslims sacrifice a goat, sheep, cow or a camel to be sent to the poor as a donation. The Hajj is when Muslims go on required pilgrimage to Mecca.|
|November 30||Bonifacio Day||Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Bonifacio||Fixed||Birthday of Andrés Bonifacio, national hero. Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the date of his death (May 10, 1897), because he was executed by the Filipino revolutionary government and not by colonial powers. Often confused with National Heroes' Day.|
|December 24||Christmas Eve||Bisperas ng Pasko||Fixed|
|December 25||Christmas Day||Araw ng Pasko||Fixed|
|December 30||Rizal Day||Paggunita sa Kamatayan ni Dr. Jose Rizal||Fixed||Anniversary of the Execution of Jose Rizal|
|December 31||New Year's Eve||Bisperas ng Bagong Taon; Huling Araw ng Taon||Fixed|
Special non-working days
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|February 8 (2016)||Chinese New Year||Bagong Taon ng mga Tsino||Movable||Also known as the Spring Festival or Lunar New Year.|
|March 26 (2016)||Black Saturday||Sábado de Gloria; Sabado ng Gloria||Movable||One of the days of Holy Week|
|August 21||Ninoy Aquino Day||Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Ninoy Aquino||Fixed||Anniversary of Assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. in 1983, a catalyst for the People Power Revolution in 1986 overthrowing dictator Ferdinand Marcos.|
|November 1||All Saints' Day||Undás; Todos los Santos; Araw ng mga Santo||Fixed||Filipinos observe this day by visiting graves, repairing and clean their tombs and offering prayers, flowers, food and candles to the dead. Many visit their ancestors in their native provinces, thus making it an occasion for reunions with extended family.|
|November 2||All Souls' Day||Araw ng mga Patay||Fixed|
|December 24||Christmas Eve||Bisperas ng Pasko||Fixed|
|December 31||Last day of the year||Bisperas ng Bagong Taon; Huling Araw ng Taon||Fixed||Also known as New Year's Eve, families hold a second, extravagant midnight feast called medianoche to greet the coming year. Loud noises are made and firecrackers are lit, in the belief that this drives away misfortune from the previous year.|
Special holiday (for all schools)
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|February 25||EDSA Revolution Anniversary||Anibersaryo ng Rebolusyon sa EDSA||Fixed|||
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Transferability||Details|
|December 11 (2016)||Prophet Mohhamed's Birthday||Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Propetang Mohhamed||Movable||Known elsewhere as Mawlid, the day marks the birth of the Prophet Muhammad on the 12th day of Rabi' al-awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar.|
|February 2||Constitution Day||Araw ng Saligang Batas||Movable||A working holiday which was first observed in 2002. Celebrates the ratification of the current 1987 Constitution.|
|May or June||Vesak Day||Araw ng Bisyak||Movable||Celebrated by Filipino Buddhists, to mark three important events in the life of Gautama Buddha: his birth, his Enlightenment, and his physical death and spiritual entry into Parinirvana. In 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed a proclamation declaring the day in May of the full moon as Vesak Day.|
|June 19||José Rizal's birthday||Araw ng Kapanganakan ni José Rizal||Movable||First declared in 1961 by President Carlos P. García in honor of the birth centenary of José Rizal. Monday, June 20, 2011 was declared a special non-working holiday by President Benigno Aquino III for Rizal's 150th birth anniversary as requested by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.|
|July 27||Iglesia ni Cristo Day||Araw ng Iglesia ni Cristo||Fixed||In 2009, July 27 was designated by a Republic Act as a yearly special national working holiday to honor the foundation of the Iglesia ni Cristo in 1914. This day was declared as a special non-working day in the year 2014 to commemorate the church's 100th Anniversary.|
|October 2 (2016)||Muharram
(Islamic New Year)
|Unang Araw ng Muharram||Movable||Holiday to mark the beginning of the Islamic year.|
Secular observances usually mark a government's founding day or the birth or death of a prominent native. These are often celebrated with parades, processions, entertainment, and feasting, as well as whatever local customs are traditional.
Local holidays for the most part are applicable only to the immediate area concerned, and barangay fiestas do not usually warrant a public holiday for the area unless otherwise ordered.
|Date||English name||Filipino name||Details|
|January 12||Valencia City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Valencia||This regular holiday applies to Valencia City only.|
|Third Sunday of January||Sinulog||This regular holiday applies to Cebu and Tacloban only, honors the Santo Niño.|
|January 23||1899 Republic Day||Araw ng Republikang Filipino, 1899||This is only celebrated in the province of Bulacan honoring the 1899 proclamation of the Republic in Malolos, the capital city, with plans to make it a national holiday.|
|February 3||Blas Ople Birth Anniversary||Anibersaryo ng Kapanangakan ni Blas Ople||This is only celebrated in the province of Bulacan. Celebrates the birth of Blas Ople, statesman and former Senator|
|February 5||Biñan Liberation Day||Araw ng Liberasyon ng Biñan||This special working holiday applies to Biñan, Laguna only.|
|February 9||Mandaluyong Liberation and Cityhood Day||Araw ng Liberasyon at Pagkalungsod ng Mandaluyong||This regular holiday applies to Mandaluyong City only, honoring the 1945 liberation of Mandaluyong and its 1995 elevation to cityhood.|
|February 11||Evelio Javier Day||Araw ni Evelio Javier||This special non-working holiday applies to the provinces of Antique, Capiz, Aklan, and Iloilo only, in remembrance of the 1986 murder of the popular Governor of Antique whose death was one of the causes of the 1986 People Power Revolution.|
|February 13||Parañaque Day||Araw ng Parañaque||This regular holiday applies to Parañaque City only.|
|February 14||Valenzuela City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Valenzuela||This special working holiday applies to Valenzuela City only|
|February 24||Cebú City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Cebu||This regular holiday applies to Cebu City only.|
|February 26||Dia de Zamboanga (Zamboanga Day)||Araw ng Zamboanga||This regular holiday applies only to Zamboanga City only as celebration of the anniversary of the inauguration of Zamboanga as a city, even its Charter was signed on October 12 which is also a holiday in celebration of the Feast of Nuestra Señora del Pilar, the city's patron saint.|
|February 21–27||Musikahan Festival||This regular holiday applies to Tagum City only.|
|March 1||Muntinlupa City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa||This special non-working holiday applies to Muntinlupa City only.|
|March 7||Tagum City Day||Araw ng Tagum||Commemorating the elevation of then Tagum municipality into the first component city of Davao del Norte. This regular holiday applies to Tagum City only.|
|March 8||Compostella Valley Day||Araw ng Lambak ng Compostella||This special working holiday applies to Compostela Valley only.|
|March 2||Cavite Day||Araw ng Cavite||This special working holiday applies only in province of Cavite only.|
|March 16||Davao City Day||Araw ng Dabaw||Commemorating the signing of the Davao Charter, creating the City of Davao. This special non-working holiday applies to Davao City only.|
|March 18||Panay Liberation Day||Araw ng Liberasyon ng Panay||This regular holiday applies to all provinces and cities on the islands of Guimaras, Panay and Romblon marking the 1945 liberation of these provinces by joint Filipino and American forces.|
|March 22||Malaybalay City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Malaybalay||This special working holiday applies to Malaybalay only.|
|March 27||San Juan Day||Araw ng San Juan||This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only.|
|April 21||Calamba City Day||Araw ng Calamba||Commemorating the signing of the Calamba Charter, creating the City of Calamba. This special non-working holiday applies to Calamba City only.|
|May 4||Ilagan Day||Aggaw na Ilagan||Celebrating the foundation of Ilagan City. This special non-working holiday applies to Ilagan City only.|
|May 24||Nueva Vizcaya Day||Ammungan Festival||The province's foundation day. This special non-working holiday applies to Nueva Vizcaya province only|
|May 27||San Josee Parish Fiesta||Fiesta ni Señor San José||Special non-working holiday in honor of Saint Joseph which only applies to Matalom, Leyte.|
|June 1||Biray Festival||Araw ng Imahen ng Birheng Maria||Honors the Blessed Virgin Mary as part of the Flores de Mayo in Belison, Antique. This special non-working holiday applies to Belison, Antique only.|
|June 11||Rizal Province Day||Araw ng Rizal||This special non-working holiday applies to Rizal province only.|
|June 15||Cagayán de Oro Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro||This special non-working holiday applies to Cagayán de Oro City only.|
|June 18||Naga City Charter Anniversary||Anibersaryo ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Naga||This regular holiday applies to Naga City only.|
|June 18||Benguet Foundation Day||Araw ng Pagkakatatag ng Benguet||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Benguet only.|
|June 19||Surigao del Sur Day||Araw ng Surigao del Sur||This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao del Sur only.|
|June 19||Surigao del Norte Day||Araw ng Surigao del Norte||This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao del Norte only.|
|June 19||Feast of Forest||Pista ng Kagubatan||This special working holiday applies to Palawan only celebrating the importance of forests in the province.|
|June 19||Laguna Day||Araw ng Laguna||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Laguna only. This also commemorates Dr. José Rizal's birthday.|
|June 19||Calambanga Festival||Araw ng Calamba||This special non-working holiday applies to Calamba City only. This also commemorates Dr. José Rizal's birthday and a review of the history of Calamba.|
|June 21||Agusan del Sur||Naliyagan Festival||Special non-working holiday, applies to Agusan del Sur only.|
|June 24||Manila Day||Araw ng Maynila||This special non-working holiday applies to the City of Manila only. It honors the 1571 founding of the city by Miguel López de Legaspi.|
|June 24||San Juan Fiesta||Pista ng San Juan||This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only. This day honor Saint John the Baptist, the patron saint of the city. Also known as the Wattah-Wattah San Juan Festival.|
|June 30||Tacloban Day and Tacloban City Charter Day||Araw ng Tacloban||This special non-working holiday applies to the city of Tacloban only.|
|July 1||Tagbilaran City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Tagbilaran||A day commemorating the creation of the City of Tagbilaran by virtue of Republic Act No. 4660 on July 1, 1966. This special non-working holiday applies only to Tagbilaran City.|
|July 1||Davao Region Day||Araw ng Rehiyon ng Davao||Day commemorating the creation of the three Davao provinces from then a "single" Davao province, now Davao Region. This regular public holiday applies to the provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental only.|
|July 1||Maramag Day||Araw ng Maramag||Day commemorating the recognition of Maramag, Bukidnon as a municipality by virtue of Executive Order 272, which was signed by President Carlos P. Garcia on July 1, 1956. This special non-working holiday applies only to the municipality of Maramag.|
|July 2||Pasig Foundation day||Araw ng Pasig||This special non-working holiday applies to Pasig City only. Remembers the founding of the city in 1573.|
|July 22||Bohol Day||Araw ng Bohol||A day commemorating the creation of the Province of Bohol by virtue of Act 2711 on March 10, 1917 and the anniversary of the 1565 Blood Compact. This special non-working holiday applies only to the whole Province of Bohol.|
|July 23||Apolinario Mabini Day||Kaarawan ni Apolinario Mabini||This special working holiday applies to Tanauan, Batangas only, the city is the hometown of the so-called "Brains of the Reovlution" who was born there in 1864.|
|July 23||Batangas City Day||Batangas City Foundation Day||This special non-working holiday applies to Batangas City in commemoration to its founding.|
|August 2||Butuan City Charter Day||Adlaw Hong Butuan||This holiday applies to Butuan City only.|
|August 2||Kabankalan City Charter Day||Adlaw Kabankalan||This holiday applies to Kabankalan City only.|
|August 4||Cabuyao Cityhood Day||Araw ng Pagkalungsod ng Cabuyao||This day commemorates the Cityhood of Cabuyao, Laguna in 2012. This special non-working holiday applies to City of Cabuyao, Laguna only.|
|August 6||Cebu Provincial Charter Day||Araw ng Panlalawigang Pribilehiyo ng Cebu||This special nonworking holiday applies to the province of Cebu only.|
|August 9||Ablan Day||Kaarawan ni Ablan||Commemorates the birthday of Ilocos Norte's late governor and labor leader, Governor Roque B. Ablan, Sr.|
|August 15||Kadayawan Festival||Davao Harvest Festival||This special working holiday applies to Davao City only. (Proc. No. 829 declared that August 15 is a Special Non-working Holiday)|
|August 19||Manuel Luis Quezón Day||Kaarawan ni Manuel Luis Quezón||This special working holiday applies to the provinces of Quezon and Aurora, and to the city of Quezón only in honor of the anniversary of the birth of the Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, born on this day in 1878.|
|August 30||Pinaglabanan Day||Araw ng Pinaglabanan||This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only, often in celebration of the 1896 Battle of Pinaglabanan, the first major battle of the Philippine Revolution and the first major defeat for revolutionary forces.|
|August 31||Surigao City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Surigao||This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao City only.|
|September 1||Baguio City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Baguio||Special non-working holiday only in Baguio City marking its foundation in 1909.|
|September 2||Nueva Ecija Day||Araw ng Nueva Ecija||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Nueva Ecija only.|
|September 3||Iriga City Foundation Day||Araw ng Establisyento ng Syudad ng iriga||This is a Special Non-Working Day Iriga City to honor the city's founding anniversary.|
|September 9||Osmeña Day||Araw ni Pangulong Osmenya||This is a Special Non-Working Day(Republic Act No. 6953) applicable in Cebu to honor the nation's fourth president on his birthday.|
|Second Friday — Third Sunday of September||Peñafrancia Festival||Pista ng Peñafrancia||Applies only to Naga City and honors the miraculous image of Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the patroness of the Bicol Region.|
|September 9||San José del Monte City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng San José del Monte||This regular holiday applies to San José del Monte City only.|
|September 10||Feast of San Nicolás de Tolentino||Kapistahan ni San Nicolas de Tolentino||This regular holiday applies to Surigao City only.|
|September 13||Battle of Pulang Lupa||Labanan sa Pulang Lupa||This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Marinduque only. Remembers the patriotic victory in the 1903 Battle of Pulang Lupa against American forces.|
|September 17||Siquijor Day||Araw ng Siquijor||This special non-working holiday applies to Siquijor only.|
|September 18||Tacurong City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Tacurong||This special working holiday applies to Tacurong City only.|
|October 12||Fiesta Pilar||Araw ng Kapistahan ni Nuestra Señora del Pilar||This regular holiday applies to Zamboanga City only in celebration of its patron saint, Nuestra Señora del Pilar.|
|October 16||Oroquieta City Day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Oroquieta||This special non-working holiday applies to Oroquieta City only.|
|October 19||Bacolod City Charter Day||Araw ng Pribilehiyo ng Lungsod ng Bacolod||This special non-working holiday only applies to Bacolod City.|
|October 20||Leyte Landing Day||Araw ng Leyte||This regular holiday applies to Tacloban only. Commemorates the very landing in Palo Beach in Leyte in 1944, signalling the liberation of the country in the Second World War.|
|November 4||President Carlos P. Garcia Day||Araw ni Pangulong Garcia||Commemorates the birth of Boholano Carlos Polistico García, the eighth President of the Philippines. This special non-working holiday applies only to the whole Province of Bohol.|
|November 5||Al Cinco de Noviembre (Negros Day)||Araw ng Negros||Also called Al Cinco de Noviembre, this special non-working holiday applies to the province of Negros Occidental only. Honors the 1898 Negros Revolution and those who took part.|
|November 16||Quirino Day||Araw ni Quirino||To commemorate the birth anniversary of late President Elpidio Quirino as declared under Presidential Proclamation No. 1927 dated November 15, 1979 issued by the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos. This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Ilocos Sur only, the very province on which he was born in its capital of Vigan.|
|November 18||Public Holiday||APEC Summit Extra Holiday||APEC Summit Extra Holiday|
|November 19||Public Holiday||APEC Summit Extra Holiday||APEC Summit Extra Holiday|
|November 20||Public Holiday||APEC Summit Extra Holiday||APEC Summit Extra Holiday|
|December 2||Pasay City Day||Araw ng Pasay||This special non-working holiday applies to Pasay City only, the city was founded on this day in 1863.|
|December 8||Taguig City Day||Araw ng Siyudad ng Taguig||As per Proclamation 81 signed December 1, 2010, Taguig City Day is celebrated henceforth every December 8 - the day of the 2004 cityhood referendum vote. This special non-working holiday applies to Taguig City only.|
|December 11||Pampanga Day||Araw ng Pampanga||Under the virtue of Proclamation no.2226 of late President Ferdinand Marcos. This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Pampanga only, celebrating its 1571 founding as one of the nation's oldest provinces.|
|December 13||General Trias Foundation Day and Valenciana Festival||Araw ng Pagkakatatag ng General Trias at Piyesta ng Valencia||This special working holiday applies of General Trias, Cavite only.|
|December 18||López Jaena Day||Araw ni Lopez Jaena||This regular holiday in Iloilo province and Iloilo City only. Honors Graciano López Jaena and his contributions to the Propaganda Movement of the 1880s.|
|December 20||Feast Day of Santa Lucia||Kapistahan ni Santa Lucia||This day commemorates Saint Lucy, the patron saint of the town of Santa Lucia, Ilocos Sur. This special non-working holiday applies to Santa Lucia, Ilocos Sur only.|
|December 29||San Pedro Cityhood Day||Araw ng Pagkalungsod ng San Pedro||This day commemorates the Cityhood of San Pedro, Laguna in 2013, therefore making it as the youngest ever city of the country to be created. This special non-working holiday applies to City of San Pedro, Laguna only.|
Independence Day was formerly celebrated on July 4–-the date of the Philippine independence from the United States in 1946, a date chosen because it was also American Independence Day. On May 12, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared Tuesday, June 12 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence." On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed July 4 holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed June 12 as "Philippine Independence Day", and enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites.
In 1955, President Ramón Magsaysay issued Presidential Proclamation No. 212, s. 1955, which established the observance of Philippine–American Day every November 15, which was the anniversary of the 1935 inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Sometime during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine–American Day was renamed "Philippine–American Friendship Day" and moved to July 4, overshadowing the observance of the date as Republic Day. After the Third Republic and the abolition of the 1935 Constitution under Martial Law, it was impolitic to remind the public of the old republic. This is why, when President Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 2346 s. 1984, reference was made to Philippine–American Friendship Day, which was relegated to a working holiday without mention of Republic Day.
During the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino, the practice of celebrating July 4 as both Philippine–American Friendship Day and Republic Day as a non-working holiday was formally abolished. Section 26 of the Administrative Code of 1987 specified a list of regular holidays and nationwide special days that did not include July 4.
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