Public holidays in Nepal

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Public offices and most private businesses in Nepal operate six days a week and only close on Saturdays. International organizations have their own rules, and normally close on Saturdays and Sundays. Government holidays for the upcoming year are published in Nepal Gazette. Nepal celebrates a number of religious and non-religious holidays. On most of these holidays, most government offices and private institutions are closed, although is not mandatory for privately owned businesses to close and international organizations may operate their own calendar.

Some of these events are region, religion or gender specific. For example, a certain holiday in Nepal can only be for women.

The longest consecutive public holiday in Nepal is during Vijaya Dashami. On this festival, holidays fall consecutively i.e. from Fulpati to Duwadashi for six days. Ghatasthapana and Kojagrat Purnima holidays are part of this festival but are separate from the six-day holiday. These festival holidays do not fall on the same calendar date every year, as they are celebrated on the basis of Lunar dates also known as tithi. Holidays such as Loktantra Diwas (Democracy Day) and Republic day are celebrated on the basis of Bikram Sambat calendar dates.

Public holidays[edit]

The following is the list of holidays for the calendar year 2017 in Nepal.[1] Some holidays may overlap with Saturdays.

Date Holiday Name Holiday Type Brief Information
January 14 Maghe Sankranti Religious The first day of the month of Magh.
January 28 Sonam Losar Religious New Year celebration by the Tamang community.
January 29 Shahid Diwas Non-Religious Martyr's day in Nepal remembering the first four Martyrs of Nepal.
February 1 Saraswati Puja Religious Schools celebrate this day by worshiping Goddess Saraswati, Hindu Goddess of knowledge, music, arts and nature.
February 18 Prajatantra Diwas Non-Religious Democracy day of Nepal.
February 24 Maha Shivaratri Religious Celebrated in reverence of Lord Shiva.
February 27 Gyalpo Lhosar Religious New Year of Tibetan Community.
March 8 Nari Diwas Non-Religious International Women's day is celebrated on this day in Nepal.
March 12 Fagu Purnima Religious Also known as Holi, the festival of colors. In Terai region of Nepal, this festival is celebrated on the next day.
March 27 Ghode Jatra Non Religious Holiday only in Kathmandu Valley.
April 5 Ram Nawami Religious Birth date of Lord Ram
April 14 Naya Barsa Non-Religious Nepalese New Year or the first day of Bikram Sambat calendar.
May 1 Majdur Diwas Non-religious International labor day.
May 10 Buddha Jayanti Religious Birth date of Lord Gautam Buddha.
May 29 Ganatantra Diwas Non-Religious Republic day in Nepal.
June 26 Ending of Ramadan Religious Eid ul Fitr.
July 28 Janai Purnima and Raksha Bandhan Religious Sacred thread festival, Janai Purnima marks the renewal of the sacred thread by Brahmins. Raksha Bandhan celebrates the holi bond between brothers and sisters.
August 8 Gaijatra Religious A day of commemoration for those who died in the past year. Holiday in Kathmandu Valley only.
August 14 Krishna Janmashtami Religious Celebrates the birth of Lord Krishna
August 29 Gaura Parwa Religious Celebrated mostly in far western Nepal, this festival is observed in other parts as well.
September 3 Baqri Id Religious Celebrated by Muslims as Feast of Sacrifice
September 5 Indra Jatra Religious Celebrated only in Kathmandu valley, commemorates the founding of Kathmandu.
September 19 Sambidhaan Diwas Non-Religious Constitution Day in Nepal.
September 21 Ghatasthapana Religious The beginning of Dashain.
September 27 Fulpati Religious Seventh day of Dashaini when jamara is brought from Gorkha palace to Kathmandu.
September 28 Maha Asthami Religious The day to appease Goddess Durga’s manifestations, the blood-thirsty Kali.
September 29 Maha Navami Religious Maha Navami is the last day of Navaratri.
September 30 Bijaya Dashami Religious This day is very important day for Nepalese Hindu religion, On Bijaya Dashami mixture of rice, yogurt and vermilion is prepared and is known as Tika. Elders put Tika, Jamara and Kokha on the young ones and give them blessing.
October 1 Ekadashi Religious Eleventh day of Dashain where the celebration continues.
October 2 Duwadashi Religious The final official consecutive holiday of Dashain celebration.
October 5 Kojagrat Purnima Religious Final full moon day after which Dashain officially ends.
October 19 Laxmi Puja Religious In the morning cows are worshipped. Later, usually during the evenings, Laxmi, Goddess of wealth is worshipped.
October 20 Mha Puja and Govardhan Puja Religious People worship themselves, oxen and cowdung. Nepal Sambat new year begins.
October 21 Bhaitika Religious Sisters and brothers wish for each other's safety and well being. Gifts are exchanged between them.
October 26 Chhath Parwa Religious A festival dedicated to Hindu Sun God.
December 3 Yomari Punhi and Jyapu Diwas Religious A festival marking the end of the rice harvest.
December 25 Christmas Day Religious Birthday of Jesus Christ.
December 30 Tamu Lhosar Religious New year celebrated by the Gurung Community.

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