Public transport in Dunedin

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Otago Regional Council Bus Services
Bus destination.JPG
ParentOtago Regional Council
Founded1986
LocaleNew Zealand
Service areaDunedin (also Queenstown)
Service typebus service
HubsThe Octagon, Centre City New World supermarket (Cumberland St); a new hub is in the design stage.
Daily ridership2.2 million passengers per year[1]
Fuel typeDiesel
OperatorGo Bus Transport, Ritchies Transport
WebsiteDunedin public bus services

Public transport in Dunedin, New Zealand is mainly by bus. The Otago Regional Council designs routes and schedules and contracts operation of bus services to two bus companies, Go Bus Transport and Ritchies Transport. Services operate daily at mainly 15 to 30-minute headways; services on evenings, weekends and holidays operate at about half the weekday frequency and there are no services on late Sunday or holiday evenings, nor on Christmas Day, Good Friday or Easter Sunday.[note 1]

Bus fares are paid for by cash or by the electronic ticketing system GoCard which replaced paper multi-trip tickets in November 2007. The service carries 2.2 million passengers per year[2]

Routes[edit]

Most routes are cross-city routes via the city centre. Longer-distance routes terminate in the centre. Semi-orbital route 15 Ridge Runner links most inner suburbs but avoids the centre. The Mosgiel 77 semi-express service has a branch route 70 connecting at Green Island and a figure-8-shaped 80/81 Mosgiel Loop connecting on Mosgiel's main street, Gordon Rd. Transferring between routes, historically not a feature of Dunedin bus services, is more favourable under the current fare regime.

Route number (or destination number)[note 2] Outer terminus via City stop via Outer terminus Bus operator
1 Palmerston Waikouaiti, Karitane, Waitati, Dunedin-Waitati Highway Cumberland St (Centre City New World) - - Ritchies
3 Ross Creek Glenleith, George Street Octagon South Dunedin, Tainui Ocean Grove Go Bus
5/6 Pine Hill Gardens, George Street Octagon Caversham Lookout Point Ritchies
8 Normanby Gardens, George Street Octagon Cargill's Corner, South Dunedin St Clair Go Bus
10/11 Opoho Gardens, George Street Octagon South Dunedin, Musselburgh Shiel Hill Ritchies
14 Port Chalmers (Harrington Street) Careys Bay, Port Chalmers, Sawyers Bay, Roseneath, St Leonards, Burkes, Ravensbourne, Logan Park, University, George Street, Octagon (inbound) Cumberland St (Countdown) - - Ritchies
15 "Ridge Rider" (semi-orbital route) University (Forth St) Gardens, North Dunedin, Maori Hill, Roslyn, Mornington, - - South Dunedin (Andersons Bay Rd) Ritchies
18 Portobello Edwards Bay, Turnbulls Bay, Broad Bay, Company Bay, Macandrew Bay, The Cove, Exchange Cumberland St (Centre City New World) - - Ritchies
19 Waverley Musselburgh, South Dunedin, Exchange Cumberland St (Centre City New World) and Octagon City Rise Belleknowes Go Bus
33 Corstorphine Caversham, Cargill's Corner Octagon City Rise, Roslyn, Kaikorai Wakari Go Bus
37/38 Concord (38) Kenmure, Bradford, Kaikorai, Moana Pool George St (northbound); Octagon (southbound) Otago Museum University (Forth St) (37) Ritchies
44 St Kilda Cargill's Corner, Exchange Octagon Kaikorai Brockville Go Bus
50 Helensburgh Balmacewen, Maori Hill, City Rise Octagon Cargill's Corner, Kew, St Clair Park Corstorphine Go Bus
55 St Kilda Cargill's Corner, Exchange Octagon Kaikorai Halfway Bush Go Bus
61 Kenmure Mornington, Exchange Cumberland St (Centre City New World) - - Go Bus
63 Balaclava Mornington, Exchange Octagon Otago Museum, University Logan Park Ritchies
70 Brighton Ocean View, Waldronville, Abbotsford - - Green Island (transfer to/from route '77) Go Bus
77 (semi-express) Mosgiel
Centre Street
Gordon Rd, Fairfield, Sunnyvale, Green Island (transfer to/from route 70), Dunedin Southern Motorway, Exchange Cumberland St (Centre City New World) - - Go Bus
80 - Mosgiel Loop east circuit - - - Go Bus
81 - Mosgiel Loop west circuit - - - Go Bus
  • Wheelchair symbol.svg All routes use wheelchair-accessible buses
  • Bike-icon.svg All routes use buses fitted with bike racks

Organising public transport in Dunedin[edit]

Dunedin's bus network is designed and managed by the Otago Regional Council. Fares are levied to cover about half of operating cost with the balance subsidised by Otago Regional Council ratepayers (about a quarter) and New Zealand Transport Agency (the remaining quarter; funded by fuel tax and road user charges). Buses use the individual companies' livery with Otago Regional Council stickers added. Until 2015, all services operated under the brand Gobus; this ended when a bus company with a similar name began serving the city. The regional council intends to introduce a new brand Orbus to the network [3] Safety standards are regulated by the NZ Transport Agency (NZTA). The Dunedin City Council has no administrative role other than as provider of the road infrastructure (with the exception of State Highways, for which NZTA is the provider), street furniture such as signs and seats and regulation of parking at bus stops. However, the city council is involved in discussions with the regional council over taking over the management of public transport.[4]

History of public transport in Dunedin[edit]

The Dunedin City Council operated and managed most public transport until 1986 including the Dunedin cable tramway system (similar to the famous San Francisco cable cars) between 1881 and 1957, electric trams from 1900 to 1956, trolleybuses from 1950 to 1982 and motor buses from 22 April 1925[5] to 1986. From 1986, management of bus services became the responsibility of the Otago Regional Council; the city council continued as a contracted operator of many services through its subsidiary Citibus.

New Zealand Railways (NZR) operated commuter trains from the Dunedin Railway Station to Port Chalmers and to Wingatui and Mosgiel until 1979 and 1982, respectively. Reintroduction of rail services is suggested from time to time [6] NZR, through its Road Services division, from 1985 known as Cityline, also operated motor buses to the suburbs of Warrington, Cherry Farm, Brighton, Outram and Mosgiel until Cityline was privatised in 1991 — the Dunedin fleet was sold to Newtons Coachways. All the above-mentioned train or bus routes except Warrington and Outram continue to be served by the present bus system.

In early times, there were ferries connecting the central city to Port Chalmers and Portobello, but these ceased between the 1930s and 2018 as road connections along the harbour's edge were improved.

Former privately-owned public transport operators in Dunedin included Turnbulls (Dunedin to Portobello); Newtons (Dunedin to Waverley), Otago Road Services (Dunedin to Green Island, Abbotsford and Fairfield), all of whom operated services over several decades from the 1950s to the 1980s and 1990s. From the late 1980s onwards, Cesta Travel (later called Southeastern) and Dunedin Passenger Transport operated a wide range of routes on various short-term contracts.

Other transport services[edit]

Taxi companies in Dunedin include the following:

  • City United Taxis
  • Dunedin Taxis
  • Nab-a-Cab
  • Green Cabs

There are no conventional airport bus services to Dunedin International Airport: this airport is served by a large fleet of shuttle vans provided by several operators including most of the local taxi companies. Airport shuttle vans typically stop several times enroute to pick up or let off booked passengers.

As of 2018 there is one scheduled ferry between Port Chalmers and Portobello.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A local bus museum society operates on two routes on the three non-service days of Christmas Day, Good Friday and Easter Sunday
  2. ^ Destination numbers are being phased out

References[edit]

  1. ^ 12 months to July 2016, quoted in Bus patronage better on Otago Daily Times website, viewed 2017-12-02
  2. ^ 12 months to July 2016, quoted in Bus patronage better on Otago Daily Times website, viewed 2017-12-02
  3. ^ New Queenstown bus service identity unveiled on Scoop.co.nz website, viewed 2017-12-02
  4. ^ Morris, Chris (20 August 2011). "Councils in talks on buses". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  5. ^ 'New Motor Buses' article in Otago Daily Times, 1925-04-18
  6. ^ for example "Down At The Station". The New Zealand Railway Observer. Wellington: New Zealand Railway and Locomotive Society. 65 (4): 153. October 2008. ISSN 0028-8624.
  7. ^ "Port to Port Cruises & Wildlife Tours". www.porttoport.co.nz. Retrieved 2018-12-11.

External links[edit]