Public transport in the Klang Valley

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KL Sentral is the main railway station in Kuala Lumpur, with connecting Bus and Monorail routes nearby.

Currently, there is a variety of public transport modes including buses, rail, taxis and motor-taxis[1] serving Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding Klang Valley region. However, Kuala Lumpur, with a population of 1.79 million in the city[2] and 6 million in its metropolitan area,[3] Klang Valley, is experiencing the effects and challenges of rapid urbanisation and urban planning issues.

To resolve these issues, Kuala Lumpur City Hall (KLCH) has plans to initiate programs that would improve the public transportation system and increase the transportation sustainability of Klang Valley. The Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020, in particular, intends to respond to the unprecedented growth and changes of Kuala Lumpur’s urban transportation landscape.[4]

History of public transport in Kuala Lumpur[edit]

In the 19th century and early 20th century, most Kuala Lumpur citizens and tin miners used rickshaws, elephants, sampans, and bull- or horse-drawn carriages as basic public transportation (as in transport by means not owned by persons being transported).

From the 1960s to the 1990s, the Mini-Bus Service or Bas Mini was popular.

Local transport[edit]

Scania K270UB4x2 operated by Rapid KL.

Buses[edit]

There are several bus operators operating in Kuala Lumpur, linking the city centre with the suburbs of the Klang Valley. The main operator is Prasarana's subsidiaries of Rapid Bus, who took over the operations of the two main bus operators, Intrakota and Cityliner.

Other operators include Metrobus, Selangor Omnibus, Len Seng, Transnasional/Kenderaan Klang-Banting, Triton, and Permata Kiara.

Rail[edit]

The Klang Valley Integrated Transit System consists of two light rapid transit (LRT) lines, two commuter rail lines (along with shuttle services), one monorail line, one bus rapid transit line and an airport rail link to Kuala Lumpur International Airport, which consists of an express and a transit service. The LRT lines connect the city centre with major suburbs like Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, Gombak, Puchong and Bukit Jalil. The commuter rail lines link the city centre with Shah Alam, Petaling Jaya, Klang (city), Rawang, Kepong and others. The monorail serves various locations in the city centre. There are several interchange stations that integrate these rail services.

GKLKV Integrated Transit Map -KwongTN.svg

Commuter rail service

 1  Seremban Line
Between Rawang and Sungai Gadut
27 stations over 153 km, operated by KTM Komuter
6 stations over 22 km for the Rawang-Tanjung Malim shuttle service, between Rawang and Tanjung Malim
 2  Port Klang Line
Between Batu Caves and Port Klang
23 stations over 45 km, operated by KTM Komuter

Rapid transit service

 9  Sungai Buloh-Kajang Line
Between Sungai Buloh and Semantan
14 stations, operated by Rapid Rail
19 new stations for Phase 2 (July 2017), between Muzium Negara to Kajang

Light rapid transit service

 3  Ampang Line
:Between Sentul Timur and Ampang
18 stations over 15 km, operated by Rapid Rail
Between Sentul Timur and Sri Petaling
18 stations over 15 km, operated by Rapid Rail
11 new stations over 18 km for the line extension, between Sri Petaling to Putra Heights
 5  Kelana Jaya Line
Between Gombak and Kelana Jaya
23 stations over 29 km, operated by Rapid Rail
13 new stations over 17 km for the line extension, between Kelana Jaya to Putra Heights

Monorail service

 8  KL Monorail Line
Between KL Sentral and Titiwangsa
11 stations over 8.6 km, operated by Rapid Rail

Bus rapid transit service

 B1  BRT Sunway Line
Between Sunway-Setia Jaya and USJ 7
7 stations over 5.4 km, operated by Rapid Bus

Airport rail link service

 6  KLIA Ekspress Line
From KL Sentral to KLIA
Non-stop over 75 km, operated by ERL
 7  KLIA Transit Line
Between KL Sentral and KLIA
5 stations over 75 km, operated by ERL
KLITNAverages.gif

Motor-Taxis

Fixed rate and metered motorcycle-taxi or "motor-taxi[5]" can now be found in and utilized by KL citizens as well as tourists since its introduction on Nov 16, 2016.[5]

Taxis[edit]

Metered taxis can be hailed throughout the city. However, traffic jams are fairly common in KL, especially during rush hour, and it might be difficult to get a taxi at that time. There have been many instances of taxi drivers charging extravagant fares, especially for tourists, who are therefore advised to travel in taxis which charge fares according to a meter, and insist that the meter is used.

Transit hubs[edit]

Intercity travel[edit]

Public transport hubs on and around Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock

For intercity travel, the main transit hubs in Kuala Lumpur are:

  • Pudu Sentral — a major intercity bus terminal located in the city centre. A new bus terminal, Plaza Rakyat is planned to replace neighbouring Pudu Sentral. However, the construction has been halted indefinitely. There is an LRT station nearby that connects the building.
  • Putra Bus Terminal — serving buses heading to the East Coast destinations. Nearby rail connections are at PWTC LRT station and Putra Komuter station.
  • Pasar Rakyat — a new bus terminal to reduce Pudu Sentral's load.
  • KL Sentral — Kuala Lumpur's main railway station.
  • Duta Bus Terminal — for buses operated by Transnasional and Airport Coach (bus services to KLIA)

Local rail transport[edit]

Local bus terminals[edit]

KL Sentral, Titiwangsa, KLCC, Maluri, and Medan Pasar form Rapid KL's bus interchanges in the city. Meanwhile, private bus operators are mostly based at the Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock (formerly known as Jalan Cheng Lock) area which includes Pasaramakota, Central Market, Bangkok Bank, Medan Pasar, Kotaraya, Sinar Kota and Puduraya.

There are also several suburban bus hubs that serve as terminals and interchanges.

Legacy terminals[edit]

Traditionally, most bus services, whether local or intercity originated from the city centre, especially in the areas around Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock. Recently transport operators have decided to unilaterally move operations elsewhere. For example, executive bus operators, especially those headed for Singapore, have switched to less congested locations like the Kuala Lumpur Railway Station, KL Sentral, Bangsar and Petaling Jaya. Rapid KL itself has shifted operations to its city hubs. The government meanwhile has been encouraging buses to use other newer terminals like Pasarakyat and Duta Bus Terminal.

The Kuala Lumpur Railway Station ceased to serve intercity trains in 2001 when operations shifted to neighbouring KL Sentral. However, many other operations such as KTM Komuter services and postal services by Pos Malaysia are still maintained there.

Regulation[edit]

The public transport system is regulated by various authorities, including the Commercial Vehicle Licensing Board (CVLB) of the Ministry of Entrepreneur and Co-operative Development, the Ministry of Transport and local governments such as the Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur and the other city and municipal councils.

There is no single body that regulates the whole sector.

The Integration and Restructuring of the Public Transport System in the Klang Valley (Inspak) steering committee, established in July 2003, is tasked with encouraging greater use of public transportation to reduce traffic congestion and initiate the establishment of the Klang Valley Urban Transport Authority as the regulatory authority for public transportation in the Klang Valley. Little has been said about the establishment of this authority ever since.

Rapid KL was established in 2004 by the Ministry of Finance to provide an integrated public transport system in the Klang Valley incorporating rail and bus services as part of Inspak. It holds quasi-regulatory powers in the sense that unlike other bus operators, it has much greater freedom to set its own routes. Furthermore, its fare structure differs from that set by the CVLB.

By 2007, passengers have access to Touch 'n Go ticketing system on RapidKL systems, KL Monorail, and KTM Komuter.[6]

Future expansion and extensions[edit]

LRT Extension[edit]

On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced a RM10 billion plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network. The plan included extending the existing Kelana Jaya Line from Kelana Jaya to Putra Heights and the Ampang Line from Sri Petaling LRT station to Putra Heights via Puchong. The plan also will see a new light rail transit line being constructed between Kota Damansara to the northwest of Kuala Lumpur and Cheras which lies to the southeast of Kuala Lumpur.[7]

On September 15, 2009, the operator has revealed the alignment and the location of new stations regrading the line extension for public input.

The entire project is completed and start operation by 30 June 2016.

Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit System[edit]

A 156 km long mass rapid transit system will be built within 20 km radius from the city center under the 10th Malaysia Plan and Economic Transformation program. The system consists of three lines, each will be integrated to current rail systems in Kuala Lumpur. The three new lines are expected to cost RM35 billion, making it one of the most expensive projects in Malaysia's history.[8]

The Star, a local newspaper reported a new 40 km route from Cheras to Kota Damansara which traverse the city center through Bangsar, KL Sentral, Pasar Seni and Masjid Jamek stations. The new line is expected to be ready by 2012, however, as of July 2009, no construction has started.[9]

On June 2010, Prime Minister Dato' Seri Najib Tun Razak announce plans to build three Mass Rapid Transit lines which compromise a Sungai Buloh to Cheras, Sungai Buloh to Serdang and a loop line around the city's edges. Length of the lines is to be between 180 kilometers to 200 kilometers with a carrying capacity of 2 million people a day. Expected cost of the project is RM36 billion. It is not sure whether the line is part of the Kota Damansara-Cheras Line or a completely new line.[10][11]

Klang Valley Bus Rapid Transit System[edit]

One of the 11 initiatives under the NKRA-UPT, the bus rapid transit (BRT) networks in Klang Valley initiative is being implemented by the Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD). SPAD has recognized 12 BRT corridors in Klang Valley Public Transport Master Plan-Draft (2010) under Bus Transformation Plan section. One of BRT Corridor currently under construction is BRT Sunway Line. The proposed BRT KL–Klang has been identified in KL BRT Report 2011 as one of the potential BRT Corridors and this BRT project is planned to be operational by 2016. [12]

Recent efforts[edit]

Recent efforts on urban transportation design addresses both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the city’s built environment. The Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 particularly cites good transportation linkage as essential factors to the success of the city, noting that public transportation would enable greater flexibility and movement. For the residents of Kuala Lumpur, it is important to provide transportation structure that allows members of the community equal accessibility. The KLCH recognizes “low public transport modal share”[13] as the key problem to high demands on road infrastructure and traffic congestion.

In an effort to increase public transportation usage, KLCH is currently expanding and constructing the Mass Rapid Transit lines that would provide more coverage to areas within the conurbation. Additional attention to the design of the newest public transport facilities is made to accommodate individuals with special needs. Also, to avoid traffic congestion occurring on local streets, major bus and rail interchange stops will be strategically located at points of intersections of major roads.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Teksi motosikal murah, pantas". HM Online. 2016-12-04. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  2. ^ "Department of Statistics Malaysia Official Portal". www.statistics.gov.my. Retrieved 2016-11-14. 
  3. ^ "KL on track to megacity status". focusmalaysia.my. Retrieved 2016-11-14. 
  4. ^ a b Emizul. "KLCH Strategic Plan". www.dbkl.gov.my. Retrieved 2016-11-14. 
  5. ^ a b "Teksi motosikal 'Dego Ride' bantu elak sesak". BH Online. 2016-11-23. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  6. ^ Rapid KL Launches Integrated Smart Card Ticketing System
  7. ^ Mergawati Zulfakar (30 August 2006). "Rail travel expansion". The Star. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 
  8. ^ "KL to get landmark MRT in world-class city bid". Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  9. ^ Leong Shen-Li (2008-06-15). "Kota Damansara-Cheras rail line right on track". The Star. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  10. ^ CIMB Research (2010-06-14). "Construction Sector (CIMB Research); maintain overweight". The Edge Daily. 
  11. ^ Razak, Najib (2010-06-10). The Tenth Malaysia Plan, 2011–2015 (PDF) (Speech). Dewan Rakyat, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  12. ^ "SPAD MasterPlan" (PDF). 2013-11-07. 
  13. ^ "Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 : Transportation". www.dbkl.gov.my. Retrieved 2016-11-14. 

External links[edit]