Publius Memmius Regulus
Publius Memmius Regulus (d. AD 63) was a Roman senator during the reign of the emperor Tiberius. He served as consul suffectus in October-December AD 31 with Lucius Fulcinius Trio as his colleague.
Background and family
Regulus was a member of the plebeian Memmia gens. His father was also named Publius. He was from the town of Rosceliona in the province of Gallia Narbonensis. Regulus came to the consulate a novus homo, meaning that no member of his family had previously achieved that office. A Gaius Memmius had been consul suffectus in 34 BC, but they may not have been closely related.
Regulus' wife was Lollia Paulina, a woman of great beauty and considerable wealth. Shortly after his accession, Caligula compelled Regulus to divorce Paulina, who in AD 38 became the emperor's third wife. But after six months, the emperor divorced and exiled Paulina. Regulus was probably the father of Gaius Memmius Regulus consul in AD 63.
Regulus and his colleague, Trio, entered their consulship on the Kalends of October, AD 31, and served until the end of the year. Their magistracy saw the downfall of Sejanus, the notorious plotter and sycophant of Tiberius, whom Regulus personally conducted to prison.
After his consulship, Regulus served as prefect of Macedonia and Achaea. During his time in Achaea, Regulus and his son were honored with various statues. After the death of Tiberius, his successor, Caligula, ordered Regulus to remove the statue of Jupiter by Phidias at Olympia, and bring it to Rome.
Regulus was one of the Sodales Augustales, the Epulones, and the Arval Brethren, all important priesthoods. Tacitus describes him as "a man of dignity, who was a person of influence and good name." Shortly before Regulus' death, the emperor Nero described him as one of his nation's greatest resources. He died in 63, the year in which Gaius Memmius Regulus, perhaps his son, was consul.
- Cooley, Cambridge Manual of Latin Epigraphy, p. 460.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 1027 ("Memmius", No. 10).
- Tacitus, Annales, xii. 22.
- Suetonius, "The Life of Caligula", 25.
- Cassius Dio, lix. 12.
- Eusebius, Chronicon .
- Tacitus, Annales, xv. 23.
- Fasti Ostienses, CIL XIV, 244, 4531–4546, 5354, 5355.
- Cassius Dio, lviii. 9.
- Josephus, Antiquitates Judaïcae, xix. 1.
- Pausanias, ix. 27.
- Tacitus, Annales, xiv. 47.
- Flavius Josephus, Antiquitates Judaïcae (Antiquities of the Jews).
- Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales.
- Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum (Lives of the Caesars, or The Twelve Caesars).
- Pausanias, Description of Greece.
- Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus (Cassius Dio), Roman History.
- Eusebius of Caesarea, Chronicon.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, ed., Little, Brown and Company, Boston (1849).
- Alison E. Cooley, The Cambridge Manual of Latin Epigraphy, Cambridge University Press, (2012).
Faustus Cornelius Sulla Lucullus,
and Lucius Fulcinius Trio
as Consules suffecti
|Consul suffectus of the Roman Empire
with Lucius Fulcinius Trio
Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus,
and Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus
as Consules ordinarii