Puckpool Battery

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Puckpool Battery
Puckpool Point, Isle of Wight, England
Puckpool Battery 1.JPG
Gun position for 11-inch Rifled Muzzle Loading (RML) gun
Puckpool Battery is located in Isle of Wight
Puckpool Battery
Puckpool Battery
Coordinates50°43′39″N 1°07′46″W / 50.727517°N 1.129319°W / 50.727517; -1.129319Coordinates: 50°43′39″N 1°07′46″W / 50.727517°N 1.129319°W / 50.727517; -1.129319
Site information
OwnerLocal authority
Open to
the public
Yes
ConditionMostly complete
Site history
Built1863-March 1865
In useSold 1928
MaterialsEarth
Concrete

Puckpool Battery (map reference SZ615923) is a battery located at Puckpool Point, close to the town of Ryde on the Isle of Wight. It is one of the many Palmerston Forts built on the island to protect it in response to a perceived French invasion. Construction of the battery began in 1863 and was completed by March 1865.

13-inch mortar of the type that formed the original armament

During construction of the battery it was decided that it would be armed entirely with 50 of the heaviest mortars - at that time the 13-inch smooth bore mortar. This would enable the battery to provide large amounts of high angle plunging fire into the Solent, targeted at the vulnerable unarmoured decks of warships.

In 1873 four gun positions were constructed at the sea face of the battery for four 11-inch Rifled Muzzle Loading (RML) guns. My 1886 these four guns and 30 mortars provided the entire armament of the battery. The following year all of the mortars were removed as they were obsolete by that time.[1] In 1888 a proposal for two 10.4-inch RML guns on an Armstrong protected barbette was put forward, and these had been fitted by 1892. They were the only guns of this type to be fitted in Great Britain. In 1901 the armament of the battery was modernised with positions for two 9.2-inch Breech Loading (BL) guns and two 6-inch Breech Loading (BL) guns.[2]

Gun emplacement for 9.2-inch Breech Loading (BL) gun

The battery was disarmed in 1927 and sold to the local district council the following year. It was brought back into use during the Second World War as HMS Medina to train men of the Fleet Air Arm.

It has been used as a public recreational space since that time and has since been designated a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[3] The gun positions are openly accessible and a number of original buildings survive. These include the guard room, barrack block and magazines.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The National Archives WO33/2770, Précis of correspondence relating to coastal defences: Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight, 1860-1893
  2. ^ The National Archives WO78/4894, Portsmouth Defences, Isle of Wight sub district: Puckpool Battery, 14 plans, 1902-1913
  3. ^ Historic England. "Puckpool Mortar Battery (1012721)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 January 2015.

Publications[edit]

  • Hogg, Ian V (1974). Coast Defences of England and Wales 1856-1956. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153 6353-0.
  • Moore, David, 2010. The East Wight Defences, Solent Papers Number 10, David Moore, Gosport. ISBN 0954845331

External links[edit]