Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is the primary international airport serving Shanghai, and a major aviation hub for Asia. The city's other major airport, Hongqiao, mainly serves domestic flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city centre, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团有限公司, SSE: 600009).
The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.
Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four parallel runways. A third passenger terminal is planned for 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, raising its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tonnes of freight.
Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,227,914 metric tonnes handled in 2010, the airport is the world's third busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 51,651,800 passengers in 2014, making it the third busiest airport in mainland China and the 19th busiest in the world. As of December 2011, Pudong Airport hosted 87 airlines serving 194 destinations.
- 1 History
- 2 Composition
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Ground transportation
- 5 Accidents and incidents
- 6 Photo gallery
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought.
After deliberation, the municipal government decided to adopt the suggestion from Professor Chen Jiyu of East China Normal University, who wrote a letter to the Mayor of Shanghai Xu Kuangdi suggesting that the new airport should be constructed on the tidal flats of the south bank of the Yangtze River estuary, on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.
Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999. It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.
A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005, and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.
In November 2011 Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-meter fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (USD 403 million). The 3,400-meter fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (USD 726.6 million). Construction is expected to be completed in 2015 and will double the capacity of the airport.
Limited international services resumed at Hongqiao Airport in October 2007 with flights to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), in November 2007 with flights to Gimpo International Airport in Seoul, in June 2010 with flights to Taipei Songshan Airport and in September 2010 with flights to Hong Kong Airport. This is believed to be a major effort to provide convenience to business travelers, a practice already in place between Haneda and Gimpo for years. Hongqiao, Haneda, Gimpo, and Songshan are much closer to their respective metro centers than their newer but remote international gateways Pudong, Narita, Incheon, and Taoyuan.
The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Four runways are in operation: one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400) and six taxiways, two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225) and four taxiways each, and one 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runway with 4F rating and six taxiways.
Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000m runway and including a cargo hub. It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. Terminal 1 is shaped like Kansai International Airport's terminal, but it is shorter and with 28 gates, 13 of which are double decker gates. The exterior of the terminal is shaped like waves. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covering an area of 280,000 square meters.
Terminal 2, opened on March 26, 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like the 1st terminal but it has more of a wave shaping, rather than a seagull shape and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members but may be used by SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines.
Shanghai Airlines moved to Terminal 2 upon its opening on March 26, 2008 with 14 other airlines, including Air India, Northwest Airlines, Qatar Airways, Alitalia, British Airways, Qantas, Virgin Atlantic Airways, Philippine Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Transaero Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Aerosvit Airlines, Garuda Indonesia and Royal Nepal Airlines. Fellow Star Alliance partners Air Canada, Air China, Air New Zealand, ANA, Asiana Airlines, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways and United Airlines moved to the new terminal on April 29, 2008 such that more than 30 airlines are now operating at Terminal 2.
Airlines and destinations
- North: S1 Yingbin Expressway and Huaxia Elevated Road
- South: Shanghai–Jiaxing–Huzhou Expressway and G1501 Shanghai Ring Expressway
Starting service on January 29, 2004 as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2 , Line 7,and Line 16 is possible. The 30-km ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h. Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.
A standard single-ride ticket costs 50 RMB. Discounted prices are available for Shanghai Public Transportation Card holders (￥40 single), and for round trips within 7 days (￥80 round-trip). First-class tickets cost 100 RMB (single) or 180 RMB (round-trip within 7 days). All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.
Shanghai Metro Line 2
Shanghai Metro Line 2 also provides service between Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road, Lujiazui, People's Square, and Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai's primary domestic airport. Line 2 is part of the Shanghai Metro system; therefore unlike the Maglev, free in-system transfer to other lines are possible, with ticket prices varying from 3 RMB to 10 RMB.
Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev (￥6 from Pudong International Airport to Longyang Road and Lujiazui, ￥7 to People's Square, ￥8 to Hongqiao International Airport). However, trips take longer due to lower speed of trains. A casual ride to People's Square, the city centre, typically takes just over one hour. It is wise to allow more than five hours for a safe flight transfer at Hongqiao International Airport using public transportation.
It should further be noted that Line 2 operates in two sections: trains from Pudong International Airport terminate at Guanglan Road, where passengers wishing to travel on change trains across the platform. In addition, not all trains go to Hongqiao International Airport.
Eight airport bus lines serve Pudong International Airport, providing rapid links to various destinations. Buses are labelled "机场X线" (Airport Bus Line X) and typically operate on a 15-to-30 minute basis. Fares range from 2 to 22 yuan depending on distance travelled.
Accidents and incidents
- In the morning of November 28, 2009, an Avient McDonnell Douglas MD-11F cargo plane registered to Zimbabwe (registration: Z-BAV) departing for Kyrgyzstan crashed into a warehouse near the runway of the airport due to a tailstrike that caught fire during takeoff and broke into several pieces with seven people on board. Three people died and four were injured.
The S1 Yingbin Expressway goes into the airport
- List of airports in China
- List of the busiest airports in China
- Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
- Airport information for ZSPD at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for PVG at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
- 上海机场2014年完成旅客吞吐量近9000万人次. Carnoc. 1 January 2015.
- "UPS Air Operations Facts - UPS Pressroom". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
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- 民航局与上海市人民政府在沪签战略合作协议 (in Chinese). Carnoc. 6 April 2012.
- "Top international routes in China and India. Shanghai Pudong and Delhi dominate". CAPA. September 13, 2011.
- "From obscurity, Guangzhou and Shanghai Pudong airports move up rankings". CAPA. June 3, 2011.
- "Shanghai Pudong's fourth and fifth runways receive approval". CAPA. 6 December 2011.
- "Shanghai airport to double capacity". South China Morning Post. 8 December 2011.
- Dermot Davitt Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins new era with opening of Terminal Two 26/03/08, Source: The Moodie Report
- Travel News Your Way. e-Travel Blackboard. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
- "Pyongyang linked with regular flights". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Austrian Resumes Shanghai Service from April 2016". Airlineroute.net. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Cambodia Angkor Air Proposes Siem Reap – Shanghai Service due late-Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "China Eastern Adds Chicago Service from late-March 2016". Airlineroute.net. November 11, 2015. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- 日照机场将于12月22日正式通航 首航飞大连
- "China Eastern Suspends Cairns Service from late-Feb 2014". Airlineroute.net. 1 January 2014.
- "China Eastern Adds Shanghai - Saipan Charter Service in July/August 2014". Airline Route. July 10, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Hainan Airlines Adds Beijing – Shanghai Pu Dong Route from late-June 2015". airlineroute.net.
- "Logan to add new nonstop flight to Shanghai - Business - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- Graham Smith. "Hainan Airlines to fly to Seattle, Boston and San Jose - Business Traveller". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Juneyao Airlines Expands Japan Service from late-June 2015". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Juneyao Airlines Adds Shanghai - Nagoya Service from late-Sep 2015". Airlineroute.net. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "S7 Airlines opens flights to Shanghai". S7 Airlines. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "Ural Airlines / S7 Airlines to Start Novosibirsk – Shanghai Service in S16". airlineroute. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "Shanghai Airlines Resumes Maldives Service in Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Spring Airlines Resumes Kota Kinabalu Service from late-Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Spring Airlines Adds Shanghai - Nagoya Service from late-June 2015". Airlineroute.net. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Spring Airlines Resumes Shanghai - Singapore Service from late-Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "T'Way Air Cancels Daegu - Shanghai Service in July 2015". Airlineroute.net. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "Vietnam Airlines Adds Nha Tang – China Routes in S15". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Shanghai Maglev Official Website". Smtdc.com. 2005-05-18. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- Cargo plane crashes at Shanghai airport – Xinhua. Reuters. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
- 浦东机场货机坠毁现场浓烟滚滚. Sina. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
- "3 Americans killed in Shanghai plane crash". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
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- Shanghai Airports
- Shanghai Airports (simplified Chinese)
- Airliners.Net photos of Shanghai Pudong International Airport
- Current weather for ZSPD at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for PVG at Aviation Safety Network