Pueblo Viejo National Park
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The Archaeological and Historical National Park of Pueblo Viejo, La Vega (also known as the National Park of Concepción de la Vega), in the La Vega Province of the Dominican Republic, includes the old city of Concepción de la Vega, and the Pueblo Viejo gold mine.
The city of La Concepción de la Vega was founded as a fortress by Christopher Columbus in 1495. The city was built up around the fortress and the gold mine of Pueblo Viejo, as the extraction of precious metals was the main objective of Colombus' missions to the new world.
The Pueblo Viejo mine is the Dominican Republic's only gold mine, and was at one point the Western Hemisphere's largest and most productive gold mine. The first extraction of gold from this site was undertaken in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, however.
World Heritage Status
- Archaeological and Historical National Park of Pueblo Viejo, La Vega (#) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
- Warwick-Ching (1993) p 174