Pueraria tuberosa

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Pueraria tuberosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Pueraria
Species: P. tuberosa
Binomial name
Pueraria tuberosa
Synonyms[1]
  • Hedysarum tuberosum Willd.

Pueraria tuberosa, commonly known as kudzu,[2] Indian kudzu,[3] or Nepalese kudzu,[3] Vidarikand,[4] Sanskrit: Bhukushmandi (भूकुशमंडी)[5] is a climber with woody tuberculated stem. It is a climbing, coiling and trailing vine with large tuberous roots. The tubers are globose or pot-like, about 25 centimetres (9.8 in) across and the insides are white, starchy and mildly sweet. Leaves are trifoliate and alternate, while the leaflets are egg-shaped, with round base and unequal sides. They are 18 cm (7.1 in) long and 16 cm (6.3 in) wide and are hairless above. Flowers are bisexual, around 1.5 cm (0.59 in) across and blue or purplish-blue in color. The fruit pods are linear, about 2–5 cm (0.79–1.97 in) long and constricted densely between the seeds. They have silky, bristly reddish-brown hair. Seeds vary from 3 to 6 in number.

It is native to India,[3][6] Pakistan,[6] and Nepal. Its medicinal potency is because of its Himalayan origin as elucidated in, Dhanvantari-Nighantu.[7].[8][3] In Telugu, Kudzu is termed as Nela Gummadi, Dari Gummadi, Vidari Kanda.

Conservation status[edit]

Kudzu is facing extinction in the wild because of herb hunters who trade the tubers illegally to agents of pharmaceutical or Ayurvedic companies. In the black market, the red variety kudzu tuber of about 10 kg is believed to be very expensive ranging up to lakhs of rupees. The tubers are not disturbed from the plant, but the agents draw the juice of the tuber using syringes.[citation needed]

Medicinal Uses and Benefits[edit]

It is mainly used to rejuvenate the reproductive system and is a tonic. It enhances sexual desire, treats nocturnal emission in males, is an aphrodisiac, spermatorrhea, cardio-tonic, promotes breast milk; galactagogue, treats headaches and is diuretic. In females, it treats menstrual disorders, menopause syndrome and uterine weakness. The roots are said to be used in medicine as a demulcent and as a coolant in fevers, and as cataplasm for swelling of joints.[9] It forms an important ingredient of the Ayurveda medicine called Atirasadi Churna.[10].

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  2. ^ Nidhi Pandey; J. K. Chaurasia; O. P. Tiwari; Yamini B. Tripathi (2007). "Antioxidant properties of different fractions of tubers from Pueraria tuberosa Linn". Food Chemistry. 105 (1): 219–222. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.072.
  3. ^ a b c d "Pueraria tuberosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  4. ^ Vidarikand (Pueraria tuberosa) Benefits, Uses and Side effects[1]
  5. ^ Indian Kudzu [2]
  6. ^ a b Pueraria tuberosa (Roxb.ex Willd.) DC., Flora of Pakistan, S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser (eds), 2001
  7. ^ Dhanvantari-Nighantu[3]
  8. ^ Pueraria tuberosa: a review on its phytochemical and therapeutic potential.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
  9. ^ About Vidarikand (Pueraria tuberosa)[11][12][13][14]
  10. ^ Atirasadi Churna[15][16][17]