Sights in Puerto Deseado
|• Mayor||Luis Ampuero (Justicialist Party)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (ART)|
|Dialing code||+54 297|
It was named Port Desire by the privateer Thomas Cavendish in 1586 after the name of his ship, and later became known by the Spanish translation of the name. Today, the straggly town has a couple of pleasant squares, a former railway station and two museums, one with a collection of indigenous artifacts and one at the seafront with relics from the sloop of war Swift which sank in 1770, recovered after its wreck was discovered in the port in 1982. The coast boasts spectacular scenery and colonies of marine wildlife close to the town.
The harbour, nearly 32 km (20 mi) long, was discovered in 1520 by the Spanish expedition commanded by Magellan. Other Spanish expeditions followed, including Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. On 17 December 1586 the privateer Thomas Cavendish sailed into the estuary on his flagship the Desire of 120 tons, accompanied by the Hugh Gallant of 40 tons and the Content of 60 tons. He named the harbour Port Desire after his ship, and the point of land at the harbour mouth is still known as Punta Cavendish. They met only a few Native Americans, who shot arrows that wounded some of the crew. After ten days Cavendish took his ships on their way, and returned to England in 1588. In 1591 Cavendish set out on another expedition with five ships, himself sailing as admiral on the Leicester Galleon, while the Desire was commanded by captain John Davis. They suffered problems in the winter at the Strait of Magellan so turned north, and on 20 May 1592 the Desire and the Black Pinnace lost touch with other ships and went into Port Desire to wait for Cavendish. He did not turn up, so in August they sailed to the nearby Penguin Island then south, but were caught by a storm and, forced to run before the wind, came on unknown islands, making the first probable sighting of the Falkland Islands .
In 1670 John Narborough visited Port Desire and claimed the territory for the British Empire, but no substantial attempt was made to assert the British claim against the Spanish claim to the region. Captain John Byron went on from there to claim British possession of the Falklands in the 1760s, and when the Spanish attacked there in 1770 one of the ships forced to flee was the sloop of war Swift which returned to Port Desire, but was shipwrecked on a concealed rock.
Antonio de Biedma founded the Nueva Colonia in 1780 in the area near present-day Puerto Deseado, later shut down by Viceroy Vertíz.
In 1790 a fort was established at Puerto Deseado by the Real Compañía Marítima (Royal Maritime Company) of Charles IV of Spain, which served as a base for whaling until its abandonment in 1806.
Perhaps the area's most famous visitor came on the Voyage of the Beagle commanded by captain Robert FitzRoy, which brought the young naturalist Charles Darwin on 23 December 1833 for the first of several visits while HMS Beagle carried out its hydrographic survey.
The town was serviced by the freightrailwayline running form Las Heras via Pico Truncado to Puerto Deseado up until 1976. According to Railwaygazette, this line will be modernized shortly for reopening end of 2015 or the beginning of 2016. The town is connected to the national roadsystem via a 120 km long nearly straight secondary road.
|Climate data for Puerto Deseado (extremes 1941–present)[a]|
|Record high °C (°F)||38.3
|Average high °C (°F)||22.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.5
|Average low °C (°F)||10.3
|Record low °C (°F)||0.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||21.3
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8||6||6||7||10||9||8||7||6||6||6||6||85|
|Average snowy days||0||0||0||0||0||2||1||0.6||0.5||0.1||0||0||4.2|
|Average relative humidity (%)||59||59||62||67||76||79||78||72||66||61||57||56||66|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||167.4||175.2||133.3||117.0||77.5||72.0||80.6||117.8||111.0||161.2||165.0||145.7||1,523.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||34.5||43.5||34.5||36.0||27.0||28.0||29.0||36.5||31.0||38.0||37.0||29.5||33.7|
|Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst (normals, 1961–1990, extremes, 1941–1990) Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (extremes 1970–present)|
|Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (sun, 1951–1980), Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (precipitation days 1961–1990), UNLP (snowfall data)|
Puerto Deseado's economy is based on the fishing industry. There are several fish-processing plants by its coasts on "Avenida Costanera" and a high percentage of the population works on jobs related to industrial fishing such as stevedores, crane operators, fish cleaners and the like.
References in films and literature
The movie "Gone Fishing" by Carlos Sorín is set almost entirely in Puerto Deseado.
Puerto Deseado is the main setting of the novels The Sunken Secret and The Arrow Collector by [Cristian Perfumo]]. The Sunken Secret is based on the true story of the wreck and recovery of HMS Swift (1763) a British sloop of war that sank off the town's coast.
- ARA Puerto Deseado (Q-20) oceanographic ship
- "Klimatafel von Puerto Deseado, Prov. Santa Cruz / Argentinien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- "Puerto Deseado, Santa Cruz". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- "Provincia de Santa Cruz - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
- "Valores Medios de Temperatura y Precipitación-Santa Cruz: Puerto Deseado" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- The record highs and lows are based on the Deutscher Wetterdienst link for the period 1941–1990 while records beyond 1980 come from the Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario link since it only covers from 1970–present. As such, the extremes span a period from 1941–present when these 2 sources are used together
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