Puerto Morelos

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Puerto Morelos
Puerto Morelos is located in Mexico
Puerto Morelos
Coordinates: 20°51′13″N 86°53′55″W / 20.85361°N 86.89861°W / 20.85361; -86.89861Coordinates: 20°51′13″N 86°53′55″W / 20.85361°N 86.89861°W / 20.85361; -86.89861
Country  Mexico
State Quintana Roo Quintana Roo
Municipality Puerto Morelos
Named for José María Morelos
Government
 • Mayor Francisco Mendoza Reyna
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 9,188
Demonym(s) Puertomorelense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Postal Code 77580
Area code(s) 998
Major Airport Cancún International Airport
IATA Code CUN
ICAO Code MMUN
Website www.puertomorelos.gob.mx

Puerto Morelos (Spanish pronunciation: ['pwerto mo'ɾelos]) is a town and seaport in Quintana Roo, Mexico's easternmost state, on the Yucatán Peninsula. The town is located in the northeast of the state, about 36 km south of the resort city of Cancún, and about 30 km north of the city of Playa del Carmen. Puerto Morelos merged with the village of Leona Vicario on December 6, 2015 to become the 11th municipality in Quintana Roo, separating from its former municipality of Benito Juarez. The marine terminal at Puerto Morelos is equipped to handle containers and is the oldest, largest and most important seaport in the state of Quintana Roo.

Geography[edit]

Puerto Morelos is divided by a highway and a mangrove swamp into three sections. The section west of the highway is known as "Colonia Joaquin Zetina Gazca". The section east of the highway is called "Colonia Pescadores". The section on the coast east of the mangrove swamp is "Puerto" or "Antiguo (old) Puerto Morelos". This original coastal fishing village is now a quiet, mixed-use neighborhood of private homes, hotels, condominiums, restaurants, and tourist shops. The second part is about 2 km. inland and adjacent to Highway 307, on the western side. The inland portion is mainly single level dwellings for local workers. New residential developments have sprung up in recent years adding to the housing mix. There are now multi-story apartment buildings, and private residential developments between the highway and the mangrove where one can buy lots and build a house of one's own design.

History[edit]

It has historically been the main port between the mainland of Yucatán and the Island of Cozumel, and an automobile ferry used to run from Puerto Morelos to Cozumel. The town is named after Independence leader José María Morelos.

Resorts are abundant in the Puerto Morelos region along the Riviera Maya and attractions, such as the Crococun Crocodile Zoo, the Botanical Garden, and a host of cenotes are also increasing in number. Recently new smaller inns have been built like Layla Guesthouse which offers an evening program of Talks on local history, marine biology, and healthy living practices including meditation and juicing. Yoga classes are available at several private centers, and open to the public at Naturalmente Yoga Center.

One hundred meters off shore lies the Puerto Morelos portion of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, designated as a National Marine Park in 1998 due to local environmental activists.

Demographics[edit]

Puerto Morelos has grown rapidly with the development of tourism and as of the 2010 census is the home to 9,188 people.[1]

Population of Puerto Morelos
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 672 —    
1990 740 +0.97%
1995 829 +2.30%
2000 892 +1.48%
2005 1,097 +4.22%
2010 9,188 +52.97%
Source: [2]

Climate[edit]

Classified by Köppen-Geiger system as tropical wet and dry climate (Aw), because its driest month has less than 60 millimetres (2.4 in) of precipitation and also less than 100 − (total annual precipitation [mm]/25), also because each month has a mean average above 18 °C (64 °F).[3]

Climate data for Puerto Morelos (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.5
(94.1)
36.5
(97.7)
38.0
(100.4)
39.5
(103.1)
41.5
(106.7)
40.5
(104.9)
39.0
(102.2)
41.0
(105.8)
41.0
(105.8)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95)
41.5
(106.7)
Average high °C (°F) 28.2
(82.8)
28.6
(83.5)
29.7
(85.5)
31.2
(88.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
33.0
(91.4)
33.3
(91.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.2
(88.2)
29.7
(85.5)
28.4
(83.1)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
24.8
(76.6)
26.7
(80.1)
27.8
(82)
28.1
(82.6)
28.4
(83.1)
28.3
(82.9)
27.8
(82)
26.6
(79.9)
25.0
(77)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
18.2
(64.8)
20.0
(68)
22.2
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
21.9
(71.4)
20.4
(68.7)
19.0
(66.2)
21.5
(70.7)
Record low °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.0
(42.8)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
12.0
(53.6)
17.0
(62.6)
12.0
(53.6)
17.0
(62.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50)
9.0
(48.2)
5.0
(41)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 78.6
(3.094)
45.2
(1.78)
42.3
(1.665)
54.0
(2.126)
102.0
(4.016)
138.3
(5.445)
90.3
(3.555)
126.7
(4.988)
187.1
(7.366)
184.0
(7.244)
98.8
(3.89)
74.7
(2.941)
1,222
(48.11)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.4 3.9 3.1 3.2 5.4 8.9 7.8 9.8 12.9 11.8 8.7 7.0 88.9
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[4][5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2010 census tables: INEGI
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. "Archivo histórico de localidades". Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  3. ^ Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 15 (3): 259. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Estado de Quintana Roo-Estacion: Puerto Morelos". Normales Climatologicas 1951-2010 (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Mexico. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Puerto Morelos 1961–1998" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 

External links[edit]