Puerto Rican Communist Party
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|Refoundation||19 June 2010|
The PCP was formed in 1934 by dissident members of the Free Federation of Workers (FLT), the union arm of the Socialist Party. Its Secretary-General was Ramón Mirabal. Its membership always remained small, but it played a major role in the formation of the General Confederation of Workers (CGT) in 1940. A couple of the primary union organizers were Juan Sáez Corales and Alberto E. Sanchez. The PCP newspaper was Lucha Obrera ("Workers' Struggle"), and its motto "Pan, Tierra, y Libertad" (Bread, Land, and Liberty) was later used by the Popular Democratic Party (PPD).
In the decades following the 1940s, the PCP never gained a large base of support, in part because of the existence of other left-wing parties such as the PPD, Puerto Rican Socialist Party and the Puerto Rican Independence Party. The party finally disbanded in 1991.
In 2010, the Puerto Rican Communist Party was reborn, from a previous organization called "Refundación Comunista". It currently has a political training school called "Escuela Vladimir Lenin", that brings proletarian political education to schools, universities, and workers councils. A similar effort, the "Escuela Manuel Francisco Rojas", was created online to reach an ever-growing group of people connected to the web and social networks. It also published Abayarde Rojo, a weekly periodical that is directed to tackling the reality of Puerto Rico and class struggle.
- The case of Puerto Rico: memorandum to the United Nations by the Communist Party of Puerto Rico. Foster, William Z. 1881-1961 (intro) New York, New Century Publishers, 1953
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