Puerto Rican crested toad

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Puerto Rican crested toad
Puerto Rican crested toad.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Peltophryne
P. lemur
Binomial name
Peltophryne lemur
Cope, 1869

Bufo lemur (Cope, 1869)

The Puerto Rican crested toad or simply Puerto Rican toad (Peltophryne lemur) is a species of toad found only in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.[2] It is the only species of toad native to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The species formerly occurred in Virgin Gorda and along the southern and northern karst in Puerto Rico.[3] It is listed as a threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service due to habitat loss and introduced species. At one period of time it was believed to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1966. The IUCN has the species listed as critically endangered.[1]


The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Department of Natural and Environmental Resources, and the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums have worked together to create a captive breeding program run by the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums. In 2013, the group released 71,000 tadpoles and 520 toadlets across three locations. The group has released 260,000 tadpoles over the last twenty years.[4]


  1. ^ a b Ariadne Angulo (2010). "Peltophryne lemur". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T54345A11127094. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T54345A11127094.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Peltophryne lemur Cope, 1869". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  3. ^ Bob Johnson. "Recovery of the Puerto Rican Crested Toad" (PDF). Endangered Species Bulletin. fws.gov. Retrieved November 27, 2006.
  4. ^ Carlos Pacheco (17 January 2013). "The Puerto Rican Crested Toad". Retrieved 19 March 2015.

Data related to Peltophryne lemur at Wikispecies Media related to Bufo lemur at Wikimedia Commons