|Puerto Rican crested toad|
The Puerto Rican crested toad (Peltophryne lemur), or simply Puerto Rican toad, is a species of toad found only in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. It is the only species of toad native to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The species formerly occurred in Virgin Gorda and along the southern and northern karst in Puerto Rico. It is listed as a threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service due to habitat loss and introduced species. At one period of time it was believed to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1966. The IUCN has the species listed as endangered.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Department of Natural and Environmental Resources, and the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums have worked together to create a captive breeding program run by the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums. In 2013, the group released 71,000 tadpoles and 520 toadlets across three locations. The group has released 260,000 tadpoles over the last twenty years.
- IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2021). "Peltophryne lemur". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T54345A172692429. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-1.RLTS.T54345A172692429.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Peltophryne lemur Cope, 1869". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- Bob Johnson. "Recovery of the Puerto Rican Crested Toad" (PDF). Endangered Species Bulletin. fws.gov. Retrieved November 27, 2006.
- Carlos Pacheco (17 January 2013). "The Puerto Rican Crested Toad". Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- "Detroit Zoological Society Releases Close To 8,000 Puerto Rican Crested Toad Tadpoles". Reptiles Magazine. 2019-06-06. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- "Primer sapo concho puertorriqueño nacido a través de fertilización in vitro". WIPR (in Spanish). November 22, 2019.
- "Sapo concho puertorriqueño". DRNA (in Spanish). November 18, 2015.