Puerto Rican crested toad
|Puerto Rican crested toad|
The Puerto Rican crested toad or simply Puerto Rican toad (Bufo lemur) is a species of toad found only in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. It is the only species of toad native to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The species formerly occurred in Virgin Gorda and along the southern and northern karst in Puerto Rico. It is listed as a threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service due to habitat loss and introduced species. At one period of time it was believed to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1966. The IUCN has the species listed as critically endangered, although this classification is in question as recent hurricanes that have produced several inches of precipitation have revealed large populations in suitable habitat.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Department of Natural and Environmental Resources, and the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums have worked together to create a captive breeding program run by the American Association of Zoos and Aquariums. In 2013, the group released 71,000 tadpoles and 520 toadlets across three locations. The group has released 260,000 tadpoles over the last twenty years
- List of amphibians and reptiles of Puerto Rico
- Fauna of Puerto Rico
- List of endemic fauna of Puerto Rico
- Hedges et al. (2004). Bufo lemur. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 10 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is critically endangered
- Bob Johnson. "Recovery of the Puerto Rican Crested Toad". Endangered Species Bulletin. fws.gov. Retrieved November 27, 2006.
3. Carlos Pacheco. "The Puerto Rican Crested Toad". http://www.fws.gov/endangered/map/ESA_success_stories/PR/PR_story2/index.html
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