Puerto Rican Traveling Theater
The Puerto Rican Traveling Theater is a theater company based at the Pregones Theater in New York City. It was founded as El Nuevo Círculo Dramatico (The New Drama Circuit) by Miriam Colón and Roberto Rodríguez.
It was one of the first Puerto Rican theater companies to be founded and is credited with kickstarting the Hispanic and Puerto Rican theater scene in New York. The first (and most significant) production by this company was La Carreta in 1953, written by René Marqués and directed by founder Roberto Rodríguez. Although the success of El Nuevo Círculo Dramatico was short, the spirit of the company lived on when Colón went on to found the Puerto Rican Traveling Theater Company.
El Nuevo Círculo Dramatico
In the 1940s and 50s Hispanic theater waned, only surviving in mutual aid societies, church halls, and lodges for smaller audiences. In 1940 a Puerto Rican dramatist René Marqués began to develop an awareness of the Puerto Rican experience in the United States while studying playwriting in New York. After returning to San Juan, he wrote the play La Carreta. The story of La Carreta dramatized a family dislocated from their farm and resettling into a slum in San Juan, and then to New York City. It resonated with many immigrant families who felt that their history, language and culture of the working class were represented in a serious dramatic form. The play was first produced in 1953, directed by Roberto Rodríguez and starring the young actress Miriam Colón. The success of the play allowed Rodríguez and Colón to form the first permanent Hispanic theatrical group to have its own space, Teatro Arena, located in Manhattan on Sixth Avenue between 43rd and 44th street. The group was very successful at the start, allowing many important Latino/a figures to start their careers and giving Rodríguez the title as the father of modern Puerto Rican drama in the United States. However, the group depended on the funding from benefits and special events, and required many personal sacrifices from its members. For this reason, and because the building was closed by the fire department in the 1960s, the company could not survive past its fifth year of existence. Despite its short life though, it still had a huge impact on the Puerto Rican theater scene. Many new groups began to form, inspired by the success of El Nuevo Círculo Dramatico and another group, La Farándula Panamericana. Some of these groups include: El Nuevo Teatro Pobre de las Américas, Teatro Orilla, Teatro Guazabara, Teatro Jurutungo, and most notably Teatro Cuatro (which still exists to this day).
Puerto Rican Traveling Theater Company
Though El Nuevo Círculo Dramatico could not continue, Colón went on to form the Puerto Rican Traveling Theater company in 1967 after starring in an off-Broadway production of The Oxcart (an English translated version of La Carreta) in 1966. The Puerto Rican Traveling Theater company (or PRTT) performed in both English and Spanish, traveling around the boroughs of New York City with the focus of bringing theater to those who desperately needed it. Supported by a joint sponsorship from Mayor Lindsay's Summer Task Force Program and the Parks Department, Colón began by touring a production of The Oxcart through various neighborhoods, often to audiences who had never seen theater before. The tours were immensely popular, drawing crowds of people who responded to the drama onstage as if it was actually happening. The summer tours continued for years after their start, providing free, bilingual theater to different neighborhoods in New York City. After five years, the company gained a permanent location in the Chelsea district in Manhattan until Colón was able to secure a building in the heart of the Theater District, where the company still lives today.
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