Puget Sound Energy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Puget Sound Energy
TypePrivate
IndustryEnergy, utility
Founded1997
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Headquarters
Key people
Mary E. Kipp (President and CEO)
ProductsElectricity and natural gas
Revenue$3.23 billion (2009 energy sales)
OwnerAIMCo, BCI, OMERS, and PGGM
Number of employees
3,140[1] (2017)
Websitepse.com

Puget Sound Energy (PSE) is an energy utility based in the U.S. state of Washington, providing the Puget Sound region with electrical power and natural gas. The utility serves electricity to more than 1.1 million customers in Island, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Pierce, Skagit, Thurston, and Whatcom counties, and provides natural gas to 750,000 customers in King, Kittitas, Lewis, Pierce, Snohomish and Thurston counties. The company's electric and natural gas service area spans 6,000 square miles (16,000 km2) .

Facilities[edit]

PSE's electric supplies include utility-owned resources as well as those under long-term contract, for a total capacity of 5,044 megawatts (MW). While PSE-owned generating capacity is at 3,597 MW.[2]

PSE owns coal, hydroelectric, natural gas and wind power-generating facilities, with more than 3,500 MW of capacity. In 2018, PSE's generation was 36% coal, 32% hydroelectric, 20% natural gas, and 10% wind derived. Less than one percent originated from other energy efficiency programs.[3]

Coal accounted for 36% of PSE's electricity fuel mix in 2018.[3] PSE's partial ownership of Eastern Montana's Colstrip Generating Station represents the single largest power-generating facility PSE owns, approximately 700 MW of generating capacity. In 2010, the Colstrip Generating station was the 8th largest greenhouse gas emitter among power plants in the United States.[4]

Hydroelectricity generated 31% of PSE's power supply in 2016.[5] The company operates three hydroelectric facilities:

Natural gas-fired power generation accounted for 22% of the utility's electricity fuel mix in 2016.[3] The company operates these natural gas-fired facilities:

  • The Sumas Generating Station in Whatcom County is a cogeneration natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 125 MW of electricity.[7]
  • The Ferndale Generating Station in Whatcom County is a combined-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 270 MW of electricity.[8]
  • The Encogen Generating Station in Whatcom County is a combined-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 167 MW of electricity.[9]
  • The Goldendale Generating Station in Klickitat County is a combined-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 277 MW of electricity.[10]
  • The Mint Farm Generating Station in Cowlitz County is a combined-cycle natural-gas-fired plant capable of generating 310 MW of electricity.[11]
  • The Fredonia Generating Station in Skagit County is a simple-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 316 MW of electricity.[12]
  • The Frederickson Generating Station in Pierce County is a simple-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 147 MW of electricity.[13]
  • The Frederickson 1 Generating Station in Pierce County is a combined-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 275 MW of electricity. PSE owns a 50% share, or 137 MW.[14]
  • The Whitehorn Generating Station in Whatcom County is a simple-cycle natural gas-fired plant capable of generating 147 MW of electricity.

Wind power and other generation sources, such as biomass and landfill gas, account for 1% of the utility's electricity fuel mix.[15] PSE owns and operates these wind-power facilities:

  • The Hopkins Ridge Wind Facility in southeast Washington's Columbia County began commercial production in 2005. Hopkins Ridge's 87 wind turbines have the capacity to generate 157 MW of electricity.
  • The Wild Horse Wind and Solar Facility in central Washington's Kittitas County began production in 2006 and was expanded to include 22 turbines in 2009. Wild Horse's 149 wind turbines have the capacity to generate 273 MW of electricity.
  • In 2012, the first phase of the Lower Snake River Wind Project began in Southeast Washington's Garfield County. Lower Snaker River Phase 1's 149 turbines have the capacity to generate 343 MW of electricity.

Coal-fired power is a major contributor to PSe's fuel mix at 36% of PSE's 2018 electricity generation sources, the largest share in 2018. The company owns a stake of the Colstrip Unit 3 coal power plant in eastern Montana. [16]

A net-metering program allows residential and business customers to return extra renewable energy solar power to the grid. An additional approximately 1% per year of generation comes from—or actually is reduced by—state mandated I-937 energy efficiency programs, adding an average 25 additional "Negawatts" generation capacity per year.

For its natural gas service to customers, PSE purchases a portfolio of natural gas supplies originating in western Canada and the U.S. Rocky Mountain states.

History[edit]

PSE was formed in 1997 when two of its largest ancestral companies – Puget Sound Power & Light Company and Washington Energy Company – merged.[17]

In 2009 Puget Sound Energy was sold to foreign investors led by Macquarie Group,[18] in a leveraged private equity buyout. Puget Holdings, the U.S. title of this group of long-term infrastructure investors, merged with Puget Energy, PSE's parent company to form the current business structure. Puget Energy is a holding company incorporated in the State of Washington. All of its operations are conducted through its utility subsidiary, PSE, which is regulated by Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission.

In 2018, Macquarie sold its ownership stake in PSE. PSE's current owners are Alberta Investment Management Corporation, British Columbia Investment Management Corporation, OMERS, and PGGM.[19]

Rates and emissions[edit]

Puget Sound Energy rates show a typical residential electrical bill (at 1000 kwh per month) of $102.56 and typical a gas bill (at 68 therms per month) of $86.[20] In 2018, PSE reported total carbon-dioxide-equivalent emissions of 10,512,364 metric tons due to electricity operations and 4,989,403 metric tons due to natural gas operations, which equate to 9 and 6 metric tons per customer respectively. PSE figures emissions of 0.169 metric tons per user according to EPA GHG MRR Subpart DD. [21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Puget Energy". Fortune. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
  2. ^ Factsheet, About PSE
  3. ^ a b c "Electricity Supply". pse.com. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  4. ^ U.S. EPA ghgdata, 2010 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Large Facilities, 2010
  5. ^ State of Washington Department of Commerce, 2010 Electric Utility Fuel Mix Disclosure Report Archived 2013-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Electron Hydroelectric Project Archived 2012-11-17 at the Wayback Machine, Puget Sound Energy
  7. ^ "Sumas Generating Station" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  8. ^ "Ferndale Generating Station" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  9. ^ "Encogen Generating Station" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  10. ^ "Goldendale Generating Station" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  11. ^ "Mint Farm Generating Station" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  12. ^ "Fredonia Generating Station" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  13. ^ "Frederickson Generating Stations" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  14. ^ "Frederickson Generating Stations" (PDF). Puget Sound Energy.
  15. ^ State of Washington Department of Commerce, 2010 Electric Utility Fuel Mix Disclosure Report Archived 2013-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Thermal Power".
  17. ^ https://pse.com/aboutpse/PseNewsroom/MediaKit/006_History_web.pdf About PSE History
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2012-06-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "OMERS, PGGM Acquire Puget Sound Stake from Macquarie". Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  20. ^ http://www.utc.wa.gov/aboutUs/Lists/News/DispForm.aspx?ID=142
  21. ^ "2018 Greenhouse Inventory" (PDF).