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Pukanec is located in Slovakia
Location of Pukanec in Slovakia
Coordinates: 48°21′12″N 18°43′22″E / 48.35333°N 18.72278°E / 48.35333; 18.72278Coordinates: 48°21′12″N 18°43′22″E / 48.35333°N 18.72278°E / 48.35333; 18.72278
First mentioned1075
 • MayorJán Rievaj
 • Total26.196 km2 (10.114 sq mi)
354 m (1,161 ft)
 (31 December 2005)
 • Total2,077
 • Density79/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
935 05
Area code(s)421-36
Car plateLV
Source: [1]

Pukanec (German: Bugganz / Puk(k)an(t)z, Hungarian: Bakabánya; Turkish: Bukabak) is a village and municipality in the Levice District in the Nitra Region of southern Slovakia.


The name is probably derived from a personal name Baka, Bak, Bukan/Pukan or potentially from Slovak buk (bleech).[2]


In the past, it was one of the nine free royal mining towns, where silver and other precious ore was mined. In historical records Pukanec was first mentioned in 1075 under the name villa Baka, a location in the region of today's Pukanec and Devičany. This note describes the borders of ownership of land given by the Hungarian King to the Monastery in Hronský Beňadik Hronský Beňadik. Outside these borders there was a land of miners. And in this document there is only one "villa Baka" mentioned, which means that there was only one Baka - with Slovak inhabitants. Afterwards in later notes from the 11th and 12th centuries AD Nemeth and Toth Baka are mentioned as two separate settlements. The Toth Baka - the Slovak one, is older. And as far as is known the first German colonist arrived in the 12th century AD, which means that the mention from the year 1075 is a mention of Toth Baka, which is today's Devičany. As far as we know, the Nemeth Baka - the German one ("Nemeth" is a Hungarian word referring to Germans), was established later by Schwabian Germans. Today's Pukanec is descended from the German Baka. Lacking of records to put this to discussion, perhaps future systematic archaeological excavations will reveal the truth. The name Pukanec comes from Bukan which was the exclusive name of the grand noble family of Hont-Pázmány, the first known owner of Baka [1]. In 1270 the first written mention about silver ore is made. In 1323, King Charles I of Hungary granted town rights to Pukanec. Just 22 years later, it became a free royal mining town. In 1405. King Sigismund declared a free mining enterprise and ordered to build fortifications. From 1424 until 1548, along with other mining towns it was property of queens. In April 1564, the Turks, attacking from the south, appeared below the city gates but were repulsed until 1 October 1640 when they successfully raided and sacked the town. The Turks again raided and sacked Pukanec in 1664. She was a sanjak of Uyvar eyalet as Bukabak for 22 years in Ottoman Empire. Those events marked the beginning of Pukanec's decline, when the mines were slowly depleted. Towards the end of the 18th century, only one mine was still rich in gold. The last record about mining in Pukanec was in 1842, though some mining activity continued until 1891. In 1876, Pukanec was demoted from the royal free mining town to a municipality belonging to the Hont county.


The village lies at an altitude of 354 metres and covers an area of 26.196 km². It has a population of 2067 people. It is located near the Štiavnica Mountains, in the Sikenica river valley. It is located around 18 km northeast of Levice.


The village is approximately 95.7% Slovak, 0.6% Hungarian, and 1.1% Romani.


The village has a public library a gym and football pitch.


  1. ^ Mestská a obecná štatistika SR
  2. ^ Štefánik, Martin; Lukačka, Ján, eds. (2010). Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku [Lexicon of Medieval Towns in Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak and English). Bratislava: Historický ústav SAV. pp. 361, 369. ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5.

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