Pukar (1939 film)

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Film poster
Directed bySohrab Modi
Written byKamal Amrohi
Vishnupant Aundhkar
S. Ameer Hyder
Produced bySohrab Modi
StarringSohrab Modi
Naseem Banu
CinematographyY. D. Sarpotdar
Edited byA. K. Chaterji
D. Shirdhankar
Music byS. Fernandes
Mir Saheb
Release date
  • 1939 (1939)
Running time
165 minutes
CountryBritish India

Pukar (Urdu: پُکار) is a 1939 Urdu film produced and directed by Sohrab Modi at the production house, Minerva Movietone. The film is about Mughal emperor Jehangir's legendary justice and his inner conflict when his wife kills an innocent citizen by mistake.

The movie is a typical Sohrab Modi production (which always seemed to be historical) with heavy and lengthy Urdu dialogues said in a loud and dramatic style. Story and lyrics are by Kamal Amrohi. Pukar is considered to be the earliest Muslim social film.[1]


Set at the court of the harsh, but just Mughal Emperor Jehangir (Chandra Mohan), the film tells two separate love stories: the first of Mangal Singh (Ali) and Kanwar (Sheela) amid the violent feud raging between their families, and the second, the famous story of Jehangir and Nurjehan (Banu). Mangal kills the brother and father of his lover when they accuse him of dishonouring them and attack him. His father, the loyal Rajput chieftain Sangram Singh (Modi), captures his son and Jehangir passes the death sentence. Jehangir's claim that the law knows no class distinction is put on the test when a washerwoman (Akhtar) accuses Queen Nurjehan of having inadvertently killed her husband while shooting a bow and arrow. Since the washerwoman's husband was killed by the Queen, claiming to be acting in justice, Jehangir says that the washerwoman should shoot him in the same fashion, as he is the Queen's husband. All the courtiers protest and Sangram Singh says that the emperor's life belongs to the people and the washerwoman agrees to take compensation in the form of wealth. Nurjehan suggests a general amnesty for all prisoners, which is granted by Jehangir so that Nurjehan is then not a special case, thus Mangal Singh and Kanwar can marry.



  1. ^ Nanji, Azim; Malise Ruthven (2004). Historical atlas of Islam. Harvard University Press. p. 189. ISBN 0-674-01385-9.

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