Pulaar language

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Not to be confused with Pular language.
Native to Senegal, Mauritania, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali
Ethnicity Toucouleur, Fula
Native speakers
3.7 million (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 fuc
Glottolog pula1263[2]

Pulaar is a Fula language spoken primarily as a first language by Fula people and Tukolor in the Senegal River valley area traditionally known as Futa Tooro, and further south and east. Pulaar speakers, known as Haalpulaar'en live in Senegal, Mauritania, Gambia, and western Mali.

According to Ethnologue there are several dialect differences, but all are inherently intelligible.

Pulaar is not to be confused with Pular, another variety of Fula spoken in Guinea-Conakry (including the Fouta Jallon region). The Pulaar and Pular varieties of Fula are to some extent mutually intelligible, but require a separate literature.

Pulaar is written in a Latin alphabet, but historically was written in an Arabic alphabet known as ajami (see Fula orthographies).

Linguistic features[edit]

Main article: Fula language

The negative accomplished verb form ends in -aani. (This is slightly different from Maasina Fulfulde and Pular.)


  1. ^ Pulaar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Pulaar". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.