Pulaski County Special School District

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Pulaski County Special School District (PCSSD)
Location
925 East Dixon Road
Little Rock, Arkansas 77026

United States
Coordinates34°40′20.4″N 92°15′17.1″W / 34.672333°N 92.254750°W / 34.672333; -92.254750Coordinates: 34°40′20.4″N 92°15′17.1″W / 34.672333°N 92.254750°W / 34.672333; -92.254750
District information
TypePublic (government funded)
GradesPK-12
EstablishedJuly 21, 1927 (1927-07-21)
SuperintendentDr. Jerry Guess
Accreditation(s)Arkansas Department of Education
Schools38 (6 high schools, 6 middle schools, 24 elementary schools, 2 alternate learning centers)
District ID0511850[1]
Students and staff
Students17,637[1]
Teachers1,188.87[1]
Student-teacher ratio14.40[1]
Athletic conference5A Central (4 schools),
5A West (1school),
4A-4 (1school)
Other information
Websitewww.pcssd.org

Pulaski County Special School District (PCSSD) is one of four public school districts in Pulaski County, Arkansas—along with the Little Rock School District, the North Little Rock School District, and the Jacksonville North Pulaski School District—accredited by the Arkansas Department of Education. PCSSD has its headquarters in Sweet Home, an unincorporated area near southeastern Little Rock.[2][3]

The current Pulaski County Special School District was established in July 21, 1927 by referendum pursuant of Act 152 of the 1927 Arkansas Acts by the Arkansas legislature joining thirty-eight independent school districts into a "special" school district. Now the second largest (by student population) in the state after the Little Rock School District, the PCSSD is among the 500 largest in the United States. Geographically, PCSSD is the state's fifth largest district and encompasses a total 729 square miles (1,890 km2), and includes all areas of the county—incorporated and unincorporated—excluding most areas within the city limits of Little Rock, Cammack Village, most areas within the city of North Little Rock, and a section of McAlmont. This district enrolls students from Little Rock, North Little Rock, Sherwood, Jacksonville, Gravel Ridge, Scott, McAlmont, Maumelle, Mabelvale, Woodson, Sweet Home, College Station, Ironton, Cabot, Wrightsville, and Alexander.[4]

History[edit]

LRSD vs. PCSSD (Desegregation)[edit]

Prior to July 1, 2016, the three school districts within the county—Little Rock School District (LRSD), North Little Rock School District (NLRSD), and Pulaski County Special School District (PCSSD)—have been involved in a desegregation case that the courts determined were unconstitutionally segregated and placed under court supervision since 1982. After numerous actions were satisfied, the courts determined that LRSD to be unitary (or integrated) and generally coterminous with Little Rock's boundaries. In doing so, these actions led to the annexation of J. A. Fair High School and other schools from PCSSD to LRSD in 1987. In 2007, the courts determined that all actions by LRSD were completed and that court supervision continues until NLRSD and PCSSD actions are completed.[5]

PCSSD school board dissolved[edit]

On May 19, 2011, the court determined that PCSSD had not completed nine of twelve actions required by court supervision with regards to being unitary in the desegregation case.

On June 20, 2011, the Arkansas Department of Education abolished and dissolved the PCSSD School Board and fired its current superintendent, Dr. Charles Hopson amid alleged financial troubles and the aforementioned lack of completing required desegregation actions. This also lead to the state department taking over the school district.[6][7][8]

Enrollment[edit]

Since 1997–98, PCSSD has served approximately 17,500 to 20,000 students each year supported by approximately 1,100 to 1,400 full time equivalent teachers, with a steady reduction of the pupil/teacher ratio from 16.60 to 1 (1997–98) to 14.84 to 1 (2011–12).[9]

Former schools[edit]

Primarily as a result of desegregation or the need to replace aging facilities, numerous facilities have been renamed or closed including the following:

Former high schools[edit]

  • J. C. Cook High School (a Black school in Wrightsville) was closed as a result of desegregation and repurposed as an integrated J. C. Cook Elementary School until 1976.
  • In 1963, Pulaski County Training School (a Black school) was renamed as Harris High School.
  • In 1970, Harris High School was repurposed as Harris Elementary School.
  • In 1971, McAlmont High School (grades 7–12) was closed as a result of desegregation.
  • In 1987, J.A. Fair High School and John L. McClellan High School were annexed to Little Rock School District.
  • In 2011, Oak Grove High School was closed as a result of opening nearby Maumelle High School.
  • Jacksonville High School is now a part of the Jacksonville North Pulaski School District

Former middle schools[edit]

  • In 2001, Sylvan Hills Junior High School (grades 7–9) becomes Sylvan Hills Middle School (grades 6–8).
  • In 2011, Sylvan Hills Middle School closes its facilities at 401 Dee Jay Hudson Drive; reopens for 2011–12 school year at its new facilities across AR Highway 107 at 10001 Johnson Street.
  • In 2015 Northwood Middle School Had been replaced by Sylvan Hills Freshman Campus due to a large portion of students being forced to attend a Jacksonville school, due to them living within the new Jacksonville North Pulaski School District. The other half was forced to attend Sylvan Hills Middle School.
  • Jacksonville Middle School is now in the Jacksonville North Pulaski School District.

Former elementary schools[edit]

  • In 1971, McAlmont Elementary School is closed.
  • In 1976, J. C. Cook Elementary School is closed.
  • In 1987, Mabelvale Elementary School annexed to Little Rock School District with the opening of Daisy Bates Elementary School.
  • In 2006, Homer Atkins Elementary School was converted into a Pre-K school
  • In 2011, Jacksonville Elementary School is closed.
  • In 2014, Scott Elementary is closed

High schools[edit]

The Pulaski County Special School District maintains four comprehensive public high schools. In 2011-12, PCSSD shutdown Oak Grove High School with the opening of the newly constructed Maumelle High School. The last school built in PCSSD prior to Maumelle High School was J. A. Fair High School, which subsequently moved to the Little Rock School District. The Joe T. Robinson High School moved to new facilities starting in the 1981–82 school year. The North Pulaski High School was established in 1977, Wilbur D. Mills High School opened in 1970, and Sylvan Hills High School was founded in 1956 and moved to its newest facilities in November 1968. Jacksonville High School was originally located on the site of present-day Jacksonville Elementary. Next, JHS moved to 1320 School Drive (now serving as Jacksonville Middle School) until the start of the 1969–70 school year, when it moved to 2400 Linda Lane. Jacksonville High School split off from Pulaski County Special School District on July 1, 2016, forming the new Jacksonville North Pulaski School District.

The assumed course of study for students at each high school follows the Smart Core curriculum developed by the Arkansas Department of Education (ADE), which requires each student to complete 22 units to graduate; 16 units are from the Smart Core and 6 units that are career focused in occupational pathway areas. According to the Arkansas Department of Career Education (ACE), the Standards of Accreditation of Public Schools require that each school offer three programs of study in three different occupational pathway areas. If a program is offered at a secondary vocational center, students must be enrolled in the 2010-11 school year.[10]

  • Wilbur D. Mills High School offered 13 programs of study in 13 different pathways.
  • North Pulaski High School offered 12 programs of study in 12 different pathways.
  • Joe T. Robinson High School offered 10 programs of study in 10 different pathways.
  • Sylvan Hills High School offered 9 programs of study in 9 different pathways.
  • Sylvan Hills Freshman Campus offered in 10 program 6 different pathways. It also where Sylvan hills freshman student Study.
Sortable table
School Name Location Grades Opened/
Current Facility
NCES School ID CEEB Code Website(s)
Maumelle High School Maumelle 9–12 2011 0511850001559[11] 041861 Official website
Wilbur D. Mills University Studies High School Sweet Home (Unincorporated) 9–12 1969 051185000945[12] 042390 Official website
Joe T. Robinson High School Unincorporated 9–12 1927 (Opened) /
1980 (Current)
051185000923[13] 041430 Official website
Sylvan Hills High School Sherwood 11–12 1956 (Opened) /
1967 (Current)
051185000941[14] 041872 Official website
Sylvan Hills High School North Gibson
(Unincorporated)
9–10 2016 TBA TBA Official website

Middle schools[edit]

Exterior view of entrance to Sylvan Hills Middle School that was constructed in 2011.

In fall 2011, a new 44 acres (18 ha) campus facility for Sylvan Hills Middle School opened for grades 6-8 students and staff, replacing the original high school (1955-1967) / middle school (1967-2011) facilities located adjacent to the Sylvan Hills High School and Sylvan Hills Elementary School campus.

Sortable table
School Name Location Grades NCES School ID Website(s)
Fuller Middle School † Sweet Home (Unincorporated) 6–8 051185000914[15] Official website
PCSSD page
Maumelle Middle School Maumelle 6–8 051185001106[16] Official website
PCSSD page
Joe T. Robinson Middle School Unincorporated 6–8 051185001258[17] Official website
PCSSD page
Sylvan Hills Middle School Sherwood 6–8 051185000942[18] Official website
PCSSD page

† denotes Title I school

Elementary schools[edit]

Front entrance to Harris Health & Science Specialty Elementary School in McAlmont

The Pulaski County Special School District operates 16 elementary schools including several magnet schools and specialty schools providing focus on particular subject areas. In 2008, the William Jefferson Clinton Elementary Magnet School was named a National Blue Ribbon School, followed by a National Blue Ribbon School designation for Arnold Drive Elementary School in 2010.[19]

Sherwood Elementary's Odyssey of the Mind team takes the Arkansas State Tournament and went to the World Finals.[20] Also, Dupree Elementary received a National School of Distinction status from the Schools Fight Hunger program.[21][22]

Originally, Harris Elementary School named in honor of Viola H. Harris, a former administrator of the district and McAlmont Elementary School, served as Pulaski Technical School before being renamed as Harris High School starting in the fall of 1963 and lasting until 1970 when the district reorganized its facilities as a result of desegregation and the facility became an elementary school. The high school's mascot of the Panthers remains today as Harris Elementary School's mascot.[23]

Sortable table
School Name Location Grades NCES School ID Website(s)
John W. Baker Inter-district Elementary School Jacksonville K–5 051185000903[24] Official website
Daisy Bates Elementary School † Unincorporated PK–5 051185001391[25] Official website
Cato Elementary School † Unincorporated PK–5 051185000906[26] Official website
Chenal Elementary School † Little Rock PK-5 051185001484[27] Official website
William Jefferson Clinton Speech Communications and Technology Magnet Elementary School † Sherwood PK–5 051185000122[28] Official website
College Station Magnet Elementary School † College Station PK–5 051185000910[29] Official website
Crystal Hill Elementary School † North Little Rock PK–5 051185000058[30] Official website
Harris Health & Science Specialty Elementary School † McAlmont (Unincorporated) PK–5 051185000916[31] Official website
Joe T. Robinson Elementary School † Unincorporated PK–5 051185000922[32] Official website
Landmark Fine Arts Specialty Elementary School † Landmark (Unincorporated) PK–5 051185000927[33] Official website
Lawson Elementary School † Unincorporated PK–5 051185000928[34] Official website
Oak Grove Elementary School † Unincorporated PK–5 051185000933[35] Official website
Oakbrooke Elementary School † Sherwood PK–5 051185001239[36] Official website
Pine Forest Elementary School Maumelle PK–5 051185001257[37] Official website
PCSSD page
Sherwood Elementary School † Sherwood PK–5 051185000939[38] Official website
Sylvan Hills Elementary School † Sherwood PK–5 051185000940[39] Official website

† denotes Title I school

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Pulaski CO. SPEC. School DIST". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Sweet Home CDP, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 31, 2017.
  3. ^ Home. Pulaski County Special School District. Retrieved on July 31, 2017. "Pulaski County Special School District 925 East Dixon Road Little Rock, AR 72206"
  4. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Pulaski County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 27, 2018.
  5. ^ "LRSD vs. PCSSD (Desegregation)". Arkansas State Legislature. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  6. ^ Brantley, Max (June 20, 2011). "State takes over Pulaski School District". Arkansas Times. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  7. ^ "State dissolves PCSSD board, removes superintendent". FOX 16. June 20, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  8. ^ "Pulaski County Dissolves School Board, Removes Superintendent". NWAhomepage.com. June 20, 2011. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Public School Enrollment / Teacher Counts". U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Local Education Agency (School District) Universe Survey", 1997-98, v.1a. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  10. ^ "Pulaski County Special School District, District Status Report for 2009-10" (PDF). Arkansas Department of Career Education. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
  11. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Maumelle High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Wilbur D. Mills High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  13. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Joe T. Robinson High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  14. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Sylvan Hills High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  15. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Fuller Middle School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved Aug 20, 2012.
  16. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Maumelle Middle School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  17. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Joe T. Robinson Middle School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved Aug 20, 2012.
  18. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Sylvan Hills Middle School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  19. ^ "National Blue Ribbon School Program" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education (ED). Retrieved August 28, 2012.
  20. ^ "Sherwood Elementary Odyssey of the Mind team takes state". PCSSD Lin. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  21. ^ "Dupree Elementary students help fight hunger". PCSSD. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  22. ^ "Warren Dupree Elementary School, School Profile". Schools Fight Hunger. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  23. ^ Ramey, Simuel; Smith, Karoma (February 10, 2011). "Onward my sisters and brothers! Onward! The History of McAlmont, Arkansas". People's Tribune. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  24. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Baker Interdistrict ELEM. SCH". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  25. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Bates Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved Aug 20, 2012.
  26. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Cato Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  27. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Chenal Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  28. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Clinton Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  29. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for College Station ELEM. School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  30. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Crystal Hill Elementary". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  31. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Harris Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  32. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Joe T. Robinson ELEM. School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  33. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Landmark Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  34. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Lawson Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  35. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Oak Grove Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  36. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Oakbrooke Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  37. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Pine Forest Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  38. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Sherwood Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  39. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Sylvan Hills Elementary School". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2012.

External links[edit]