Pulau Tikus

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Pulau Tikus
Suburb of George Town
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese 浮罗地滑 (Simplified)
浮羅地滑 (Traditional)
 • Hokkien phū lô tī khu̍t
Skyline of Pulau Tikus
Pulau Tikus is located in George Town, Penang
Pulau Tikus
Pulau Tikus
Coordinates: 5°25′53.4″N 100°18′42.48″E / 5.431500°N 100.3118000°E / 5.431500; 100.3118000Coordinates: 5°25′53.4″N 100°18′42.48″E / 5.431500°N 100.3118000°E / 5.431500; 100.3118000
Country  Malaysia
State  Penang
District Northeast Penang Island
City Seal of George Town.svg George Town
Government
 • Local government Penang Island City Council
 • Mayor of Penang Island Yew Tung Seang
 • Pulau Tikus State Assemblyman Chris Lee Chun Kit (DAP)
 • Bukit Bendera Member of Parliament Wong Hon Wai (DAP)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC)
Postal code 10250, 10350, 10400
Website mbpp.gov.my

Pulau Tikus is a northwestern suburb of George Town in Penang, Malaysia. Situated between the city centre and Tanjung Tokong, this upper class suburb was named after a rock just off the coast of Penang Island.[1] Pulau Tikus is one of the well-known places to sample Penang cuisine, as well as the home to small minorities of Eurasians, Thais and Burmese.[2]

Established soon after Captain Francis Light's founding of Penang Island in 1786, Pulau Tikus has been home to various cultures since the first days of British rule. The aforementioned communities have built impressive places of worship within Pulau Tikus, such as Catholic churches and Buddhist temples adorned with architectural designs of their native homelands.

In addition, a number of consulates have been established here.

Wat Chaiyamangkalaram is a Thai Buddhist temple built in 1845 on a piece of land donated by Queen Victoria.
The Dhammikarama Burmese Temple, constructed in 1803, is the first Burmese Buddhist temple in Malaysia.
The Church of the Immaculate Conception was inaugurated in 1811 by the suburb's Eurasian community.

Etymology[edit]

Pulau Tikus was named after the actual Tikus Island (Malay: Pulau Tikus), a rocky islet just 770 m (0.48 mi) off the Tanjung Bungah suburb. The name Pulau Tikus, meaning 'Rat Island' in Malay, was said to have been derived from the islet's rocks and dunes, which looked like rats at low tide.[3]

History[edit]

Pulau Tikus was first inhabited by the Eurasians, who were fleeing from persecution in Siam. The Eurasians, who were mostly Catholics, arrived at Pulau Tikus in 1811, following another group of Eurasians who had already settled within George Town in 1786.[4][5] It was the Eurasians who gave the place its name, Pulau Tikus. Upon arriving, they built Kampung Serani (Eurasian Village), centred around the Church of the Immaculate Conception.[4]

The Burmese were also among the earliest settlers at Pulau Tikus. A Burmese village, Kampung Ava, was established in the early 19th century, as well as the Dhammikarama Burmese Temple, which was built in 1803. The Thais later built two more Buddhist temples at Pulau Tikus – Wat Chaiyamangkalaram and Wat Buppharam.[2]

To the southwest, James Scott, a partner of Captain Francis Light, founded the Ayer Rajah Estate. As per the usual practice at the time, Indian labourers were brought in to work in the agricultural estates; the Indian community would eventually build a handful of Hindu temples here, such as Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani Temple and Nattukkottai Chettiar Temple.

The growth of George Town over the centuries eventually swallowed up Pulau Tikus, turning it into a suburb of the city.[2] In recent decades, urbanisation has led to the mushrooming of upmarket condominiums and commercial properties within Pulau Tikus and the vicinity of Gurney Drive.

Geography[edit]

Pulau Tikus proper starts near the junction of Burmah Road with Edgecumbe Road, and ends just before the Bagan Jermal junction. Burmah Road forms the main artery through Pulau Tikus, with the heart of the suburb at the intersection of Burmah Road with Cantonment Road.

Transportation[edit]

Skyline of Pulau Tikus as seen from Kelawei Road
A LinkBike station at Kelawei Road

Among the main thoroughfares within Pulau Tikus are Burmah Road, Kelawei Road and Cantonment Road, with the intersection between Burmah Road and Cantonment Road forming the commercial hub of Pulau Tikus.[6] In particular, both Burmah Road and Kelawei Road are heavily used by motorists. In 2013, the then Penang Island Municipal Council (now Penang Island City Council) converted several roads, including Burmah Road and Kelawei Road, into one-way streets in order to alleviate worsening traffic congestion.[6][7][8]

Pulau Tikus is served by two of Rapid Penang's free-of-charge transit routes - namely the Pulau Tikus Loop (PTL) and the Congestion Alleviation Transport (CAT) Tanjung Tokong route.[9][10][11] Aside from the PTL and the CAT, Rapid Penang's routes 101, 102, 103, 104 and 304 connect Pulau Tikus with George Town proper, as well as other destinations on Penang Island, including the Penang International Airport, Queensbay Mall, Batu Ferringhi and Teluk Bahang.[12][13][14][15][16]

Another bus service that caters specifically to tourists is the Hop-On Hop-Off service, which utilises open-topped double-decker buses.[17] The Hop-On Hop-Off service includes stops at Kelawei Road, allowing tourists to visit the Siamese and Burmese temples along the road, including Wat Chaiyamangkalaram and Dhammikarama Temple.[18]

Efforts have also been made to improve pedestrianisation within Pulau Tikus, such as the tactile paving of the roadside pedestrian walkways for the visually-impaired, and the use of natural or man-made barriers between the road and the pedestrian walkway to improve the safety of pedestrians.[6]

Other than that, LinkBike stations have been installed at Kelawei Road and Jalan Pangkor, enabling cyclists to rent bicycles to commute around George Town.

Education[edit]

A total of two primary schools, four high schools and two private colleges are located within Pulau Tikus. In addition to these, an international primary school is also situated at Pulau Tikus, catering to the expatriate community within the suburb.

Notably, Pulau Tikus is home to the Penang Chinese Girls' High School, one of the premier Chinese schools in Penang. Founded in 1919, this school at Gottlieb Road has retained the consistent academic performance of its students.[19] In addition, Phor Tay Private High School, the first Buddhist school in Malaysia, is also situated at Jalan Bagan Jermal, along the western edge of Pulau Tikus.[20][21]

The schools and colleges at Pulau Tikus are as listed below.

Primary schools

  • Penang Chinese Girls' Primary School[22]
  • St. Xavier's Primary Branch School[23]

High schools

International school

  • St. Christopher's International Primary School[24]

Private colleges

A nursing college operated by the Penang Adventist Hospital, the Adventist College of Nursing and Health Sciences, is situated at Burmah Road near the hospital itself.[27]

Health care[edit]

The Penang Adventist Hospital at Burmah Road is one of the more well-known private hospitals in Penang. Established in 1924 in the heart of George Town, the hospital has since been relocated to its current grounds within Pulau Tikus.[28] The hospital complex now includes the five-storey main building with 253 beds and an oncology centre, the latter of which contains radiation treatments.[28][29] As of 2014, Penang Adventist Hospital received about 84,000 patients, 40% of whom were foreigners such as Indonesians.[29]

Shopping[edit]

There is a Bandar Baru supermarket, located within the Axis Complex at Cantonment Road, which offer more local products.[30][31] Aside from the supermarket, the shopping malls along the nearby Gurney Drive, such as Gurney Plaza and Gurney Paragon, also cater to locals, expatriates and tourists alike.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani Temple was built in 1782, making it among the oldest Hindu temples in Penang.

Consulates[edit]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pulau Tikus". Time Out Penang. Retrieved 2017-05-17. 
  2. ^ a b c Khoo, Su Nin (2007). Streets of George Town, Penang. Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 9789839886009. 
  3. ^ Wilks, Frances (2014-04-11). "The Story Behind Penang's Rat Island (Pulau Tikus)". ExpatGo. Retrieved 2017-08-07. 
  4. ^ a b "The History of Penang Eurasians". Penang Tourism. 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  5. ^ "Church opens mini museum of relics - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  6. ^ a b c "Putting Pulau Tikus on the map". Putting Pulau Tikus on the map,. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  7. ^ "Make road safer, council urged - Community | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  8. ^ II, Administrator. "One Way Street System in Pulau Tikus Area". www.visitpenang.gov.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  9. ^ "Free shuttle in Pulau Tikus now includes Mount Erskine in its loop - Community | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  10. ^ "myPenang - Pulau Tikus Loop". mypenang.gov.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  11. ^ The Star Online (2018-02-14), Penang announces RM15m free bus service, retrieved 2018-04-01 
  12. ^ http://www.rapidpg.com.my/journey-planner/route-maps/details/101.gif
  13. ^ http://www.rapidpg.com.my/journey-planner/route-maps/details/102.gif
  14. ^ http://www.rapidpg.com.my/journey-planner/route-maps/details/103.gif
  15. ^ http://www.rapidpg.com.my/journey-planner/route-maps/details/104.gif
  16. ^ http://www.rapidpg.com.my/journey-planner/route-maps/details/304.gif
  17. ^ "myPenang - Penang Hop-On Hop-Off is here!". mypenang.gov.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  18. ^ "Penang Hop-On Hop-Off Official Website". www.myhoponhopoff.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  19. ^ "SMJK School Portal - PENANG CHINESE GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL". www.smjk.edu.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  20. ^ a b "Phor Tay Private High School". 2016-05-30. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  21. ^ "History | 菩提国中". phortay.org. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  22. ^ "SJK(C) PEREMPUAN CHINA - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". www.sekolahmy.com (in Malay). Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  23. ^ "SK ST XAVIER CAWANGAN - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". www.sekolahmy.com (in Malay). Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  24. ^ "St. Christopher's International Primary School | Contact". www.scips.org.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  25. ^ "Contact Info & Enquiries | DISTED College". www.disted.edu.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  26. ^ "Pusat Teknologi dan Pengurusan Lanjutan". www.ptpl.edu.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  27. ^ "Adventist College Of Nursing and Health Sciences". acnhs.edu.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  28. ^ a b "Penang Adventist Hospital". www.pah.com.my. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  29. ^ a b "Medical tourism: A billion-ringgit industry for Penang". Medical tourism: A billion-ringgit industry for Penang,. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  30. ^ "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  31. ^ "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  32. ^ "History of Pulau Tikus". 
  33. ^ "22 Dec:- Official opening of China Consulate in Penang". Penang + | 檳城多一些. 2015-12-30. Retrieved 2016-11-09. 
  34. ^ "KJRI Penang - Beranda". www.kemlu.go.id. Retrieved 2016-11-09. 
  35. ^ "สถานกงสุลใหญ่ ณ เมืองปีนัง". www.thaiembassy.org. Retrieved 2016-11-09.